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8 Study Matches

Interventions for Patients With Alzheimer's Disease and Dysphagia

The overall purpose of this project is to develop effective dysphagia rehabilitative interventions for patients with Alzheimer's Disease and related dementias at risk for pneumonia development.
Nicole Pulia, PhD, CCC-SLP
All
50 Years to 99 Years old
N/A
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03682081
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Inclusion criteria (patients):
• Age 50-99
• English speaking
• Diagnosis of dementia or cognitive impairment or memory loss
• Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) scale score between 0.5 and 2.0
• Actively involved caregiver
• Resides at home or an assisted living facility Inclusion criteria (caregivers)
• English speaking
• Age 18 and older
• Contact with patient at least 1 time a week
• Has access to a working telephone Exclusion criteria (patients):
• Dementia due to cerebrovascular disease as primary cause
• History of head and neck cancer or other structural deformity that can affect swallowing
• Allergy to barium
• Currently breastfeed or pregnant or planning to become pregnant Exclusion criteria (caregivers):
• Lacks ability to give consent
Dementia, Dysphagia, Alzheimer Disease, Dementia in other diseases classified elsewhere, Unspecified dementia, Alzheimer's disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Aphagia and dysphagia, Aging & Geriatrics, Food & Nutrition
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Memory Improvement Through Nicotine Dosing (MIND) Study (MIND)

The purpose of the study is to see if daily transdermal nicotine is able to produce a significant cognitive, clinical and functional improvement in participants with MCI. Neuronal nicotinic receptors have long been known to play a critical role in memory function in preclinical studies, with nicotine improving attention, learning, and memory function. The study will enroll 300 participants for a 2 year period. Participants will be randomized (50:50) to either the transdermal nicotine, beginning at 7mg/day, and increasing to 21mg/day, or placebo skin patch.
Sanjay Asthana, MD
All
55 Years to 90 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT02720445
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Inclusion Criteria:
1. Participant must have a subjective memory concern as reported by participant, study partner, or clinician 2. Abnormal memory function documented by scoring within the education adjusted ranges on the Logical Memory II subscale (Delayed Paragraph Recall) from the Wechsler Memory Scale
•Revised:
• less than or equal to 11 for 16 or more years of education
• less than or equal to 9 for 8
•15 years of education
• less than or equal to 6 for 0
•7 years of education 3. Mini-Mental State Exam score between 24 and 30, inclusive 4. Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) Global = 0.5. Memory Box score must be at least 0.5 5. General cognition and functional performance sufficiently preserved such that a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease dementia cannot be made by the site physician at the time of the screening visit 6. Age 55-90 (inclusive) 7. Stable permitted medications for 4 weeks or longer as specified in Section 6, including: • Memantine and cholinesterase inhibitors are allowable if stable for 12 weeks prior to screen 8. Geriatric Depression Scale score of less than or equal to 14 9. Study Partner is available who has frequent contact with the participant (e.g. an average of 10 hours per week or more), and can accompany the participant to most visits to answer questions about the participant 10. Adequate visual and auditory acuity to allow neuropsychological testing 11. Good general health with no additional diseases/disorders expected to interfere with the study 12. Participant is not pregnant, lactating, or of childbearing potential (i.e. women must be two years post-menopausal or surgically sterile) 13. Completed six grades of education or has a good work history 14. Fluent in English or Spanish
Exclusion Criteria:
1. Regular use of tobacco products within the past year, such as smoking (cigarettes, pipes, cigars, etc.) or use of other nicotine products (chewing tobacco, e-cigarettes, nicotine patches, gum, sprays, etc.). 2. Any significant neurologic disease such as Alzheimer's disease dementia, Parkinson's disease, multi-infarct dementia, Huntington's disease, normal pressure hydrocephalus, brain tumor, progressive supranuclear palsy, seizure disorder, subdural hematoma, multiple sclerosis, or history of significant head trauma followed by persistent neurologic deficits or known structural brain abnormalities. 3. Major depression, bipolar disorder as described in DSM-V within the past 1 year or psychotic features, agitation or behavioral problems within 3 months, which could lead to difficulty complying with the protocol 4. History of schizophrenia (DSM V criteria) 5. History of alcohol or substance abuse or dependence within the past 2 years (DSM V criteria) 6. Clinically significant or unstable medical condition, including uncontrolled hypertension, uncontrolled diabetes, or significant cardiac, pulmonary, renal, hepatic, endocrine, or other systemic disease in the opinion of the Investigator, may either put the participant at risk because of participation in the study, or influence the results, or the participant's ability to participate in the study. 7. Has had a history within the last 5 years of a primary or recurrent malignant disease with the exception of non-melanoma skin cancers, resected cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma in situ, basal cell carcinoma, cervical carcinoma in situ, or in situ prostate cancer with normal prostate-specific antigen post-treatment 8. Clinically significant abnormalities in B12 or TFTs (Thyroid Function Tests) that might interfere with the study. A low B12 is exclusionary, unless the required follow-up labs (homocysteine (HC) and methylmalonic acid (MMA)) indicate that it is not physiologically significant. 9. Clinically significant abnormalities in screening laboratories or ECG. 10. Residence in skilled nursing facility. 11. Use of any excluded medication as described in the protocol, including:
• Use of centrally acting anti-cholinergic drugs
• Use of any investigational drugs within 30 days or 5 half-lives, whichever is longer, prior to screening. 12. For CSF sub-study participants, a current blood clotting or bleeding disorder, or significantly abnormal PT or PTT (partial thromboplastin time) at screening 13. For MRI sub-study participants, contraindications for MRI studies, including claustrophobia, the presence of metal (ferromagnetic) implants, or cardiac pacemaker. 14. Patients whom the Site PI deems to be otherwise ineligible.
Mild Cognitive Impairment, Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic, Cognitive Disorders [F03]
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A Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of Long-Term Gantenerumab Administration in Participants With Alzheimer's Disease (AD)

This is an open-label, multicenter, rollover study to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of long-term administration of open-label gantenerumab in participants with AD who completed Study WN29922 or WN39658, either the double-blind or open-label extension (OLE) part.
Sanjay Asthana, MD
All
Not specified
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04374253
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Completed Study WN29922 or WN39658, either its double-blind part or OLE part, and did not discontinue study drug early
• The participant should be capable of completing assessments either alone or with the help of the caregiver
• Availability of a person (referred to as the "caregiver")
• For women of childbearing potential: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use contraception methods with a failure rate of <1% per year (bilateral tubal ligation, male sterilization, hormonal contraceptives that inhibit ovulation, hormone-releasing intrauterine devices, and copper intrauterine devices) during the treatment period and for at least 16 weeks after the final dose of gantenerumab
• Agreement not to donate blood or blood products for transfusion for the duration of the study and for 1 year after final dose of study drug
Exclusion Criteria:

• Pregnant or breastfeeding, or intending to become pregnant during the study or within at least 16 weeks after the final dose of study drug
• Prematurely discontinued from Study WN29922 or WN39658
• Any medical condition that may jeopardize the participant's safety if he or she continues to receive study treatment
• Received any investigational treatment other than gantenerumab during or since completion of Study WN29922 or WN39658, either its double-blind or OLE part
• Evidence of disseminated leptomeningeal hemosiderosis
• Evidence of intracerebral macrohemorrhage
• Use of prohibited medication
• Evidence of ARIA-E on the last MRI scan report in Study WN29922 or WN39658, either its double-blind or OLE part
Alzheimer Disease, Alzheimer's disease, Aging & Geriatrics, Mental & Behavioral Health
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Antecedent Metabolic Health and Metformin Aging Study (ANTHEM)

Aging is the number one risk factor for the majority of chronic diseases. There are no pharmaceutical treatments to slow aging and prolong healthspan. The anti-diabetic drug metformin is considered a likely pharmaceutical candidate to slow aging. In this study, the investigators hypothesize that metformin treatment in subjects free of type 2 diabetes will improve insulin sensitivity and glucoregulation in insulin resistant individuals, but will decrease insulin sensitivity and glucoregulation in insulin sensitive subjects. Further, the investigators hypothesize that long-term metformin treatment will remodel mitochondria in a way that decreases mitochondrial function in subjects that are insulin sensitive, but improves mitochondrial function in subjects that are insulin resistant. The investigators will use a dual-site, 12- week drug intervention trial performed in a double-blind, placebo-controlled manner on 148 subjects recruited from two separate sites (Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation (OMRF) and University of Wisconsin-Madison (UWM)). After consent and initial subject screening for chronic disease, subjects will be stratified to insulin sensitive (IS) or insulin resistant (IR) groups. Over a 12- week intervention, half of each group will take metformin and half will take a placebo. Pre- and post--intervention, subjects will complete a series of procedures to assess insulin sensitivity, glucose regulation, and biomarkers of aging. The same subjects will provide a skeletal muscle biopsy pre-- and post-intervention to assess the change in mitochondrial function and mitochondrial remodeling with and without metformin treatment. By completion of this project, the investigators expect to provide evidence that helps further delineate who may benefit from metformin treatment to slow aging.
Adam Konopka, PhD
All
40 Years to 75 Years old
Phase 3
This study is also accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04264897
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Inclusion Criteria:

• 40-75 years of age (inclusive)
• Free of chronic disease
• Comprehension of the protocol as indicated by an ability to respond to questions about the study after reading the consent form.
• Able to use and be contacted by telephone.
• Able to speak, read, and understand English, and complete a questionnaire in English
• Independently mobile
Exclusion Criteria:

• Pregnancy
• Heart disease (history, abnormal ECG, abnormal stress ECG)
• Cerebrovascular disease (history)
• Cancer (history)
• Chronic respiratory disease (history, forced expiratory volume at one second/forced vital capacity [FEV1/FVC] < 70, FEV1 < 80% predicted)
• Chronic liver disease (history, alanine transaminase [ALT] > 52 IU/L)
• Diabetes (history, HbA1C ≥ 6.5, fasting blood glucose≥126 mg/dl, oral glucose tolerance test [OGTT] ≥ 200 mg/dl at 2 hrs)
• Impaired kidney function (eGFR ,45 mL/min)
• B12 lab values outside of normal range (<193 or >982 pg/mL)
• Alzheimer's (history)
• Chronic kidney disease (history, abnormal blood kidney panel including serum creatinine > 1.4)
• Problems with bleeding, on medication that prolongs bleeding time (if subject cannot safely stop prior to biopsy)
• Those on glucose lowering drugs
• Those planning to have imaging that requires intravenous contrast dye (within 6 weeks) or are on any of the following medications since they are contraindicated with the use of metformin: Dofetilide, Lamotrigine, Pegvisomant, Somatropin, Trimethoprim, Trospium, Gatifloxacin, Cephalexin, Cimetidine, Dalfampridine
• Tobacco use
• Allergies to lidocaine or metformin
Healthy Volunteers, Aging & Geriatrics, Aging, Insulin Sensitivity, Chronic Disease, Mitochondria, Insulin Resistance
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AHEAD 3-45 Study: A Study to Evaluate Efficacy and Safety of Treatment With Lecanemab in Participants With Preclinical Alzheimer's Disease and Elevated Amyloid and Also in Participants With Early Preclinical Alzheimer's Disease and Intermediate Amyloid

The primary purpose of this study is to determine whether treatment with lecanemab is superior to placebo on change from baseline of the Preclinical Alzheimer Cognitive Composite 5 (PACC5) at 216 weeks of treatment (A45 Trial) and to determine whether treatment with lecanemab is superior to placebo in reducing brain amyloid accumulation as measured by amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) at 216 weeks of treatment (A3 Trial).
Cynthia Carlsson, MD
All
55 Years to 80 Years old
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04468659
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Inclusion criteria: Participants must meet all of the following criteria to be included in this study: 1. Male or female, age 55 to 80 years inclusive at the time of informed consent, with a plasma biomarker result that is predictive of intermediate or elevated brain amyloid at Screening or known before Screening to have elevated or intermediate amyloid according to previous PET, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), or plasma testing • Those 55 to 64 must have 1 of the following additional risk factors, given the relatively low rates of amyloid positivity less than (<) 65 years, before screening:
• First degree relative diagnosed with dementia onset before age 75, or
• Known to possess at least 1 apolipoprotein E4 variant (APOE4) allele, or
• Known before screening to have elevated brain amyloid according to previous PET or CSF testing 2. Global Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) score of 0 at screening 3. Mini Mental State Examination score greater than or equal to (>=) 27 (with educational adjustments) at screening. 4. Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised Logical Memory subscale II (WMS-R LM II) score at screening of >=6 5. A45 Trial: Elevated brain amyloid pathology by amyloid PET: defined as approximately greater than (>) 40 Centiloids on screening scan A3 Trial: Intermediate levels of brain amyloid pathology by amyloid PET: defined as approximately 20 to 40 Centiloids on screening scan 6. Has a study partner that is willing to participate as a source of information and has approximately weekly contact with the participant (contact can be in-person, via telephone or electronic communication). The study partner must have sufficient contact such that the investigator feels the study partner can provide meaningful information about the participant's daily function 7. Provide written (or electronic, if allowed per country-specific regulations) informed consent 8. Willing and able to comply with all aspects of the protocol Exclusion criteria: Participants who meet any of the following criteria will be excluded from this study: 1. Females who are breastfeeding or pregnant at screening or baseline 2. Females of childbearing potential who: • Within 28 days before study entry, did not use a highly effective method of contraception For sites outside of Europe, it is permissible that if a highly effective method of contraception is not appropriate or acceptable to the participant, then the participant must agree to use a medically acceptable method of contraception 3. History of transient ischemic attacks (TIA), stroke, or seizures within 12 months of screening 4. Current or history within the past 2 years of psychiatric diagnosis or symptoms that, in the opinion of the investigator, could interfere with study procedures 5. Contraindications to 3 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanning, including cardiac pacemaker/defibrillator, ferromagnetic metal implants (example, in-skull and cardiac devices other than those approved as safe for use in MRI scanners), or exhibit other significant pathological findings on brain MRI at Screening 6. Hypersensitivity to any monoclonal antibody treatment 7. Any immunological disease which is not adequately controlled, or which requires treatment with immunoglobulins, systemic monoclonal antibodies (or derivatives of monoclonal antibodies), systemic immunosuppressants, or plasmapheresis during the study 8. Bleeding disorder that is not under adequate control (including a platelet count <50,000 or international normalized ratio [INR] >1.5) at screening 9. Results of laboratory tests conducted during screening that are outside the following limits:
• Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) above normal range
• Abnormally low (below lower limit of normal [LLN]) serum vitamin B12 levels for the testing laboratory (if participant is taking vitamin B12 injections, level should be at or above the LLN for the testing laboratory). A low vitamin B12 is exclusionary, unless the required follow-up labs (homocysteine and methylmalonic acid [MMA]) indicate that it is not physiologically significant 10. Known to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive 11. Any other clinically significant abnormalities that in the opinion of the investigator require further investigation or treatment or may interfere with study procedures or safety 12. Malignant neoplasms within 3 years of screening (except for basal or squamous cell carcinoma in situ of the skin, or localized prostate cancer in male participants with treatment cycles completed at least 6 months before screening). Participants who had malignant neoplasms but who have had at least 3 years of documented uninterrupted remission before screening need not be excluded 13. Answer "yes" to Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) suicidal ideation Type 4 or 5, or any suicidal behavior assessment within 6 months before screening, at screening, or at baseline, or has been hospitalized or treated for suicidal behavior in the past 5 years before screening 14. Known or suspected history of drug or alcohol abuse or dependence within 2 years before screening or a positive urine drug test at screening. Participants who test positive for benzodiazepines, opioids, or tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in urine drug testing need not be excluded unless in the clinical opinion of the investigator this is due to potential drug abuse 15. Taking prohibited medications 16. Participation in a clinical study involving:
• Any anti-amyloid immunotherapy (example, therapeutic monoclonal antibody or active anti-amyloid vaccine) at any time, unless it can be documented that the participant was randomized to placebo or never received study drug
• Any immunoglobulin therapy, or vaccine within 6 months before Screening, unless it can be documented that the participant was randomized to placebo or never received study drug
• Lecanemab
• Any new chemical entities or investigational drug for AD within 6 months before screening unless it can be documented that the participant received only placebo
• Any other investigational medication or device study in the 8 weeks or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) of the medication before randomization unless it can be documented that the participant was in a placebo treatment arm 17. Planned surgery during the pre-randomization phase or within 3 months of randomization, which requires general anesthesia
Preclinical Alzheimer's Disease, Early Preclinical Alzheimer's Disease, Healthy Volunteers, Aging & Geriatrics
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TRC-PAD Program: In-Clinic Trial-Ready Cohort (TRC-PAD)

The purpose of the TRC-PAD study is to develop a large, well-characterized, biomarker-confirmed, trial-ready cohort to facilitate rapid enrollment into AD prevention trials utilizing the APT Webstudy and subsequent referral to in-clinic evaluation and biomarker confirmation. Participants with known biomarker status may have direct referral to the Trial-Ready Cohort. If you are interested in being selected for the TRC-PAD study, you should first enroll in the APT Webstudy (https://www.aptwebstudy.org/welcome).
Cynthia Carlsson, MD
All
50 Years to 85 Years old
This study is also accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04004767
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Inclusion Criteria:
1. Provision of signed and dated informed consent form 2. Stated availability and willingness to comply with all study procedures until referred to a clinical trial 3. Age 50-85 (inclusive) 4. Global Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) score of 0 or 0.5 and no diagnosis of dementia 5. Has a study partner that is willing to participate as a source of information and has at least weekly contact with the participant (contact can be in-person, via telephone or electronic communication). The study partner must have sufficient contact such that the investigator feels the study partner can provide meaningful information about the participant's daily function. 6. In good general health as evidenced by medical history 7. Adequate visual and auditory acuity to allow neuropsychological testing 8. Fluent in English or Spanish 9. For females who are not surgically sterile or post-menopausal by two years, receiving a Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scan for amyloid biomarker confirmation: negative pregnancy test prior to amyloid PET scan 10. Completed six grades of education or has a good work history 11. Evidence of elevated or intermediate (subthreshold) levels brain amyloid as assessed by central review of amyloid PET or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) data. Prior amyloid testing results may be used with approval from the Coordinating Center.
Exclusion Criteria:
1. Treatment with an another anti-amyloid investigational anti-amyloid drug or other experimental intervention within 12 months. Use of aducanumab or other approved anti-amyloid treatments allowed if stable for at least 3 months. 2. Enrolled in another interventional clinical trial within the last 12 weeks 3. Any significant neurologic disease such as Alzheimer's disease dementia, Parkinson's disease, multi-infarct dementia, Huntington's disease, normal pressure hydrocephalus, brain tumor, progressive supranuclear palsy, seizure disorder, subdural hematoma, multiple sclerosis, or history of significant head trauma followed by persistent neurologic deficits or known structural brain abnormalities. 4. Major depression, bipolar disorder as described in DSM-V within the past 1 year or psychotic features, agitation or behavioral problems within 3 months, which could lead to difficulty complying with the protocol 5. History of schizophrenia (DSM V criteria) 6. History of alcohol or substance abuse or dependence within the past 2 years (DSM V criteria) 7. Clinically significant or unstable medical condition, including uncontrolled hypertension, uncontrolled diabetes, or significant cardiac, pulmonary, renal, hepatic, endocrine, or other systemic disease in the opinion of the Investigator, may either put the participant at risk because of participation in the study, or influence the results, or the participant's ability to participate in the study. 8. History within the last 3 years of a primary or recurrent malignant disease with the exception of non-melanoma skin cancers, resected cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma in situ, basal cell carcinoma, cervical carcinoma in situ, or in situ prostate cancer with normal prostate-specific antigen post-treatment 9. Clinically significant abnormalities in B12 or thyroid function tests (TFTs) that might interfere with the study. A low B12 is exclusionary, unless follow-up labs (homocysteine (HC) and methylmalonic acid (MMA)) indicate that it is not physiologically significant. 10. Clinically significant abnormalities in screening laboratories or ECG. 11. For participants undergoing CSF collection: a current blood clotting or bleeding disorder, or significantly abnormal PT or PTT at screening or if on anti-coagulation (e.g. warfarin) 12. Participants whom the Site PI deems to be otherwise ineligible.
Preclinical Alzheimer's Disease, Prodromal Alzheimer's Disease, Alzheimer Disease, Dementia, Aging & Geriatrics, Brain & Neurological
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PROACTIVE-HF IDE Trial Heart Failure NYHA Class III (PROACTIVE-HF)

This is a prospective, open- label, single arm, multicenter clinical trial to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the Cordella PA Sensor System in NYHA Class III Heart Failure Patients compared to a Performance Goal (PG).
Farhan Raza
All
18 Years and over
N/A
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04089059
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Inclusion Criteria 1. Subject has given written informed consent 2. Male or female, at least 18 years of age 3. Diagnosis and treatment of HF (regardless of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)) for ≥ 3 months and NYHA Class III HF at time of Screening 4. Subjects should be on stable, optimally titrated medical therapy for at least 30 days, as recommended according to current American Heart Association (AHA)/American College of Cardiology (ACC) guidelines as standard-of-care for HF therapy in the United States, with any intolerance documented. 5. HF related hospitalization, HF treatment in a hospital day-care setting, or urgent outpatient clinic HF visit for IV diuretics within 12 month (last hospitalization should be 30 days before Screening /Enrollment) and/or N-terminal pro B-type Natriuretic Peptide (NT proBNP) at time of Screening/ Enrollment defined as: 1. Subjects with LVEF ≤ 50%: NT-proBNP ≥ 1500 pg/mL. 2. Subjects with LVEF > 50%: NT-proBNP ≥ 800 pg/mL . Thresholds for NT-proBNP (for both LVEF ≤ 50% and LVEF > 50%) will be corrected for body mass index (BMI) using a 4% reduction per BMI unit over 25 kg/m2 6. Subjects should be on diuretic therapy 7. Subjects who are physically able to hold the myCordella™ Patient Reader unit (approximate weight 1.3lb) against the ventral thoracic surface for up to 2 minutes per day while in a seated position, as well as dock and undock the myCordella™ Patient Reader 8. Subjects with sufficient eyesight, hearing, and mental capacity to respond to the myCordella™ Patient Reader's audio/visual cues and operate the myCordella™ Patient Reader 9. Subject has sufficient Cellular and/ or Wi- Fi Internet coverage at home 10. Subject agrees to return to the treating Investigator for all scheduled follow up visits and can return to the hospital for follow up Exclusion Criteria 1. Intolerance to all neuro-hormonal antagonists (i.e., intolerance to angiotensin converting enzyme-inhibitors (ACE-I), angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB), angiotensin-neprilysin inhibitors (ARNI), and beta-blockers) due to hypotension or renal dysfunction 2. ACC/AHA Stage D refractory HF (including having received or currently receiving pharmacologic circulatory support with inotropes) 3. Subjects with history of recurrent pulmonary embolism ( ≥2 episodes within 5 years prior to Screening Visit) and/or deep vein thrombosis (< 3 month prior to Screening Visit) 4. Subjects who have had a major cardiovascular (CV) event (e.g.myocardial infarction, stroke) within 3 months of the Screening Visit 5. Unrepaired severe valvular disease 6. Subjects with congenital heart disease or mechanical/tissue right heart valve(s) 7. Subjects with known coagulation disorders 8. Subjects with a hypersensitivity or allergy to platelet aggregation inhibitors including aspirin, clopidogrel, prasugrel, and ticagrelor; or patients unable to take dual antiplatelet or anticoagulants for one month post implant 9. Known history of life threatening allergy to contrast dye 10. Subjects whereby RHC is contraindicated 11. Subjects with an active infection at the Cordella PA Sensor Implant Visit 12. Subjects with a Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) <25 ml/min or who are on chronic renal dialysis 13. Implanted with Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (CRT)-Pacemaker (CRT-P) or CRT-Defibrillator (CRT-D) for less than 90 days prior to screening visit 14. Received or are likely to receive an advanced therapy (e.g., mechanical circulatory support or lung or heart transplant) in the next 12 months 15. Subjects who are pregnant or breastfeeding 16. Subjects who are unwilling or deemed by the Investigator to be unwilling to comply with the study protocol, or subjects with a history of non-compliance 17. Severe illness, other than heart disease, which would limit survival to <1 year 18. Subjects whose clinical condition, in the opinion of the Investigator, makes them an unsuitable candidate for the study 19. Subjects enrolled in another investigational trial with an active treatment arm 20. Subject who is in custody by order of an authority or a court of law
Heart & Vascular, Aging & Geriatrics, Heart Failure NYHA Class III
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Frailty and Dysphagia in Older Adults

The purpose of this research study is to figure out if there are physical factors such as cognition level, nutrition status, walking speed, and handgrip strength that are associated with the development of swallowing problems. Investigators want to better understand how swallowing problems develop in older adults with and without frailty. Identifying factors that contribute to swallowing problems, can develop therapies in the future to improve swallowing outcomes for older adults. This study will be done at the University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison). A total of about 69 people will participate in this study.
Raele Robison, PhD, CCC-SLP
All
65 Years and over
NA
This study is also accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04975815
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Inclusion Criteria:

• 65 years of age or older
• Ability to provide informed consent or the presence of a legally authorized representative (LAR) who can consent on behalf of the patient
• Ability to attend in person research visit
• Post-menopausal (female participants)
• Not pregnant
Exclusion Criteria:

• Allergy to barium
• Prior surgery to the head and neck region affecting swallowing-related structures
• Prior chemotherapy or radiation treatment to the head and neck region
• Prior cerebral vascular accident with resulting persistent dysphagia
• Non-English speaking
Dysphagia, Frailty
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