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Suggestions within category "Brain & Neurological"


75 Study Matches

Interventions for Patients With Alzheimer's Disease and Dysphagia

The overall purpose of this project is to develop effective dysphagia rehabilitative interventions for patients with Alzheimer's Disease and related dementias at risk for pneumonia development.
Nicole Pulia, PhD, CCC-SLP
All
50 Years to 99 Years old
N/A
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03682081
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Inclusion criteria (patients):
• Age 50-99
• English speaking
• Diagnosis of dementia or cognitive impairment or memory loss
• Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) scale score between 0.5 and 2.0
• Actively involved caregiver
• Resides at home or an assisted living facility Inclusion criteria (caregivers)
• English speaking
• Age 18 and older
• Contact with patient at least 1 time a week
• Has access to a working telephone Exclusion criteria (patients):
• Dementia due to cerebrovascular disease as primary cause
• History of head and neck cancer or other structural deformity that can affect swallowing
• Allergy to barium
• Currently breastfeed or pregnant or planning to become pregnant Exclusion criteria (caregivers):
• Lacks ability to give consent
Dementia, Dysphagia, Alzheimer Disease, Dementia in other diseases classified elsewhere, Unspecified dementia, Alzheimer's disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Aphagia and dysphagia, Aging & Geriatrics, Food & Nutrition
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Use of High-resolution Manometry to Detect Upper Airway Obstruction During Sleep

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a major public health issue in both children and adults, present in 1-5% of children and 10-30% of adults. It is characterized by repeated episodes of airway obstruction during sleep, leading to brain arousal, sympathetic activation, oxygen desaturation, sleep fragmentation, and non-restorative sleep. Patients report daytime tiredness, insomnia, and morning headaches. Children with OSA experience daytime somnolence, difficulties at school, behavioral problems, enuresis, and reduced quality of life. If left untreated, OSA can lead to numerous complications including hypertension, cardiovascular disease, stroke, and insulin resistance. Sleep partners are also affected, with patients viewing their disorder as a burden and sleeping in separate rooms. Further, disease prevalence is increasing as obesity increases. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the current gold standard treatment for OSA. If used effectively and consistently, it can improve patient symptoms. However, adherence is generally poor, with patients experiencing physical discomfort, chest discomfort, and dry mouth. For those patients that cannot tolerate CPAP, surgical intervention is an option. In children, this typically starts with adenotonsillectomy. However, 20-75% of children will have persistent symptoms after adenotonsillectomy. In adults, anatomic factors including tonsil hypertrophy and redundant pharyngeal tissue can contribute to upper airway obstruction and may also necessitate higher pressures for effective CPAP treatment. Even if surgical intervention does not cure the OSA, it may make CPAP more tolerable and improve CPAP adherence. Sleep-related airway obstruction is a complex phenomenon potentially involving multiple anatomic levels. For patients with persistent symptoms despite initial therapy or intolerance to CPAP, further evaluation of the upper airway is clinically valuable. Polysomnography (PSG) is the gold standard for diagnosing OSA, but it does not provide information on the location(s) of upper airway obstruction. Knowledge of the precise sites of obstruction is critical to planning effective sleep surgery. Currently, this is accomplished with drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE). DISE was originally proposed in 1991 and involves administering anesthetic to a patient to simulate a sleep state, and then visualizing the upper airway using transnasal flexible endoscopy. Sites of obstruction at key locations including the adenoids, soft palate, lateral oropharynx, tongue base, and epiglottis can be identified. Though DISE offers valuable clinical information, it has notable limitations. First, it cannot evaluate the entire upper airway simultaneously, as any obstruction occurring superiorly precludes visualization of any obstruction occurring more inferiorly. Second, interpretation of DISE is subjective and there is no universally accepted system for analysis. Rating systems are qualitative, using grades such as complete, partial, or no obstruction as opposed to quantitative measurements. The optimal sleep assessment would be quantitative, reliable, and provide information on the entire upper airway simultaneously. A potential alternative to DISE which could meet these criteria is sleep manometry. Measurement of upper airway pressures captures the effects of obstruction along the entire upper airway, from the nasopharynx to larynx. Prior studies have attempted to employ manometry, but have been limited primarily by inadequate equipment and suboptimal methods of data analysis. Woodson et al. used a solid-state manometer with diameter of 2.3 mm and 5 sensors to detect palatal obstruction and tongue base obstruction in patients with OSA. They also used the same approach to detect persistent tongue base obstruction following uvulopalatopharyngoplasty. While these studies help demonstrate that manometry can be a useful adjunct to OSA assessment, they are severely limited both by the type of manometer used as well as the lack of a clear, detailed description of the method of data analysis. High-resolution manometry (HRM) uses pressure censors spaced 1 cm apart to allow for pressure measurement along the entire upper airway. The investigators have previously applied HRM to assessment of swallow physiology. Sophisticated methods of automated data analysis have been developed that have been shown to be reliable for both expert and novice users . Further, pattern recognition techniques have been applied to identify dysphagia and specific swallowing abnormalities. Application of this technology and modification of existing data analysis platforms will allow for a quantitative, reliable, and comprehensive assessment of upper airway obstruction during sleep in both children and adults, with potential for development of algorithms to predict effects of targeted surgical therapy at all levels of the upper airway.
Timothy Mcculloch
All
5 Years to 90 Years old
NA
This study is also accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04139499
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Inclusion Criteria:
ADULTS
• Age 18-90
• Any participant undergoing sleep endoscopy as part of standard clinical care would be eligible. This entails physician concern for sleep-disordered breathing and corresponding questionnaire and/or polysomnogram results supporting a diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea.
• Participants without apnea are eligible, provided they are undergoing tonsillectomy or bronchoscopy for either chronic tonsillitis or airway assessment without concern for history of sleep apnea.
• Women with childbearing potential will not be excluded, as the proposed experiment would have no potential ramifications on childbearing potential. CHILDREN
• Age 5-17
• Any patients undergoing sleep endoscopy as part of standard clinical care would be eligible.
• Participants undergoing either tonsillectomy for chronic tonsillitis or bronchoscopy for airway assessment.
• Women with childbearing potential will not be excluded, as the proposed experiment would have no potential ramifications on childbearing potential.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Participant desire to avoid added anesthesia time.
• Inability to safely tolerate the added anesthesia time (about 5-10 minutes) for the experiment (as judged by either otolaryngologist or anesthesiologist).
• Pregnant women
• Vulnerable groups (i.e., prisoners, individuals lacking consent capacity, individuals unable to read the consent form).
Acute obstructive laryngitis [croup] and epiglottitis, Obstructive Sleep Apnea
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Treatment of Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Infections With Viral-Specific T Cells

The present trial will consist of the treatment of 20 pediatric and adult Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) recipients or immunocompromised participants diagnosed with opportunistic Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections with virus-specific, antigen-selected T-cells. CMV-specific T-cells will be isolated from donor leukapheresis products using the CliniMACS® Prodigy. Prior studies on transfer of CMV specific T-cells have been shown to be safe and efficacious in the treatment of CMV infections. The main trial objective is to evaluate the feasibility and safety of CMV-specific T-cell transfer in adult and pediatric participants suffering from CMV infections or reactivation following HSCT or due to other immunocompromised states (e.g.; primary immunodeficiency, cytotoxic therapy). Participants will be followed for one year.
Inga Hofmann, M.D.
All
1 Month and over
Phase 1
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03798301
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Inclusion Criteria:
1. Adult or pediatric patient suffering from CMV reactivation/infections following HSCT or due to other immunocompromised states (e.g.; primary immunodeficiency, cytotoxic therapy).
• CMV reactivation/viremia defined as positive (>500 copies/ml) CMV qPCR and/or
• Presence of symptoms secondary to CMV infection or evidence of invasive CMV infection (e.g. pneumonitis, colitis) AND
• Patients must have ONE OF THE FOLLOWING CRITERIA:
• Absence of an improvement of viral load after ≥ 14 days of antiviral therapy with ganciclovir, valganciclovir or foscarnet (decrease by at least 1 log, i.e. 10-fold), or
• New, persistent and/or worsening CMV-related symptoms, signs and/or markers of end organ compromise while on antiviral therapy with ganciclovir, valganciclovir or foscarnet, or
• Have contraindications or experience adverse effects of antiviral therapy with ganciclovir, valganciclovir or foscarnet, or
• Known resistance to ganciclovir and/or foscarnet based on molecular testing. 2. Recipients of an allogeneic HSCT must be 28 days after stem cell infusion at the time of T-cell transfer. 3. Written informed consent given by patient or legal representative. 4. Minimum patient age 1 month. 5. Minimum weight 7 lbs. 6. Female patients of childbearing age with negative pregnancy tests. 7. Patient Karnofsky/Lansky Performance Status >30%. 8. Donor eligible based on FACT infectious screening requirements.
Exclusion Criteria:
1. Patient with acute GVHD > grade 2 or active moderate or severe chronic GVHD at time of T-cell transfer 2. Patient receiving steroids (>1.0 mg/kg body weight (BW) prednisone equivalent) at the time of T-cell transfer 3. Patient received allogeneic HSCT less than 28 days prior to T-cell transfer 4. Patient treated with donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) within 28 days prior to T-cell transfer 5. Patient treated with Thymoglobulin (ATG), Alemtuzumab or T-cell immunosuppressive monoclonal antibodies within 28 days. 6. Patient with organ dysfunction or failure as determined by Karnofsky (patients >16 years) or Lansky (patients ≤16 years) score ≤30% (Appendix 5) 7. Patients with CMV retinitis 8. Concomitant enrollment in another clinical trial with endpoints interfering with this study 9. Any medical condition which could compromise participation in the study according to the investigator's assessment 10. Known HIV infection 11. Female patient who is pregnant or breast-feeding, or adult of reproductive potential not willing to use an effective method of birth control during study treatment. Note: Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test at study entry. 12. Patients unwilling or unable to comply with the protocol or unable to give informed consent. Donor Eligibility: The original donor will be the first choice as source of T cells. If the original donor is not available for donation (such as NMDP donor, cord blood unit, or related donor not available) of peripheral mononuclear cells or does not meet all donor eligibility criteria (including donor selection criteria based on University of Wisconsin
•Madison Standard Operating Procedures for the selection of allogeneic donors), alternative related donors will be selected, with preference for those who have full HLA matching in 6/6 loci over those with partial HLA matching (≥ 3/6 HLA loci). 1. All donors must be ≥ 18 years old, available, CMV IgG positive, eligible and capable of undergoing a single standard 2 blood volume leukapheresis. If original HSCT donor is not available, CMV IgG negative or ineligible, a CMV IgG positive fully matched or haploidentical family donor will be used. 2. Related donors must be at least partially HLA compatible, matching with recipient in at least 3/6 HLA loci (HLA-A, HLA-B and HLA-DRB1 will be considered for this). 3. Donors must be CMV IgG seropositive. 4. Donors must show CMV T-cell activation after incubation with MACS GMP PepTivator Peptide Pools of CMV pp65 before undergoing leukapheresis. 5. Donor must meet the criteria for donor selection defined in the Standard Operating Procedures of the University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Stem Cell Transplant Program and in FACT standards.
Anus, Any Site, Bones and Joints, Brain and Nervous System, Breast, Cervix, Colon, Corpus Uteri, Esophagus, Eye and Orbit, Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Ill-Defined Sites, Kaposi's Sarcoma, Kidney, Larynx, Leukemia, other, Lip, Oral Cavity and Pharynx, Liver, Lung, Lymphoid Leukemia, Melanoma, Skin, Multiple Myeloma, Mycosis Fungoides, Myeloid and Monocytic Leukemia, Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Other Digestive Organ, Other Endocrine System, Other Female Genital, Other Hematopoietic, Other Male Genital, Other Respiratory and Intrathoracic Organs, Other Skin, Other Urinary, Ovary, Pancreas, Prostate, Rectum, Small Intestine, Soft Tissue, Stomach, Thyroid, Unknown Sites, Urinary Bladder, Head and Neck, Gastrointestinal cancers, other, Colon and Rectum, Anal, Sarcoma, Melanoma/Skin cancer, Hematologic cancers, other, Uterus, Genitourinary cancers, other, Bladder, Brain/Central Nervous System, Endocrine cancers, Lymphoma, Leukemia, CMV Infection, Cytomegalovirus Infections, CMV Viremia, Opportunistic Infections
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Alpha/Beta CD19+ Depleted Haploidentical Transplantation + Zometa for Pediatric Hematologic Malignancies and Solid Tumors

This phase I trial studies the safety of transplantation with a haploidentical donor peripheral blood stem cell graft depleted of TCRαβ+ cells and CD19+ cells in conjunction with the immunomodulating drug, Zoledronate, given in the post-transplant period to treat pediatric patients with relapsed or refractory hematologic malignancies or high risk solid tumors.
Christian Capitini, MD
All
7 Months to 21 Years old
Phase 1
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT02508038
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Availability of an eligible haploidentical donor
• Hematologic malignancy or solid tumor
• Patients with more than one malignancy (hematologic or solid tumor) are eligible
• Patients with hematologic malignancy must have no HLA identical sibling or suitable unrelated donor OR time needed to find an acceptable unrelated donor match would likely result in disease progression such that the patient may become ineligible for any type of potentially curative transplant
• Relapsed or primary therapy-refractory AML with bone marrow blast < 20%
• High-risk refractory or relapsed ALL in patients for whom transplantation is deemed indicated (relapse occurring < 30 months from diagnosis, patients relapsing after previous allogeneic transplant, relapse after 2nd remission, primary induction failure or hypodiploidy)
• Relapsed Hodgkin lymphoma unable to achieve 2nd remission or Very Good Partial Response (VGPR) and therefore ineligible to receive autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplant (auto-HSCT)
• Hodgkin lymphoma relapsing after auto-HSCT
• Primary refractory or relapsed non-Hodgkin lymphoma unable to achieve 2nd remission or VGPR and therefore ineligible to receive auto-HSCT
• Non-Hodgkin lymphoma relapsing after auto-HSCT
• Myelodysplastic Syndrome/Myeloproliferative Syndrome Solid Tumor
• Patients with solid tumor must have failed or have been ineligible to receive auto-HSCT or if auto-HSCT would not offer > 20% chance of cure
• Neuroblastoma
• high risk with relapsed or refractory disease
• Soft tissue sarcomas (Rhabdomyosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor or other high-risk extracranial solid tumors)
• Relapsed or primary refractory metastatic
• 1st complete remission, but very high-risk features (i.e., < 20% survival with conventional therapy)
• Osteosarcoma
• Failure to achieve Complete Response (CR) following initial therapy
• Relapsed with pulmonary or bone metastases and did not achieve a CR with surgery and/or chemotherapy
• Karnofsky (patients > 16 years) or Lansky (patients 16 years or older) performance score of ≥ 60
• Life expectancy of ≥ 3 months
• Patient must have fully recovered from acute toxic effects of all prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy prior to entering this study
• Study enrollment no earlier than 3 months after preceding HSCT
• Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) ≥ 60 ml/min/1.73m2
• Total bilirubin < 3 mg/dL
• ALT (alanine aminotransferase, SCPT) ≤ 5 x Upper LImit of Normal (ULN) for age
• Ejection fraction of > 40% by Multigated Acquisition Scan (MUGA) or echocardiogram
• No evidence of dyspnea at rest
• No supplemental oxygen requirement
• If measured, carbon monoxide diffusion capacity (DLCO) >50%
• No severe peripheral neuropathy, signs of leukoencephalopathy or active Central Nervous System (CNS) infection
• Patients with seizure disorders may be enrolled if seizures are well controlled on anticonvulsant therapy
• If of reproductive potential, negative pregnancy test and willing to use effective birth control method
• Informed consent from patient or legal guardian (if patient is minor) Inclusion Criteria for Donors:
• Donor must be 18 years of age minimum, 65 years of age maximum
• Donor must be in good general health as determined by evaluating medical provider
• Must meet donor criteria for human cells, tissues, and cellular and tissue-based products per Code of Federal Regulations 21 CFR 1271, subpart C. Specifically:
• Donor screening in accordance with 1271.75 indicates that the donor:
• Is free from risk factors for, and clinical evidence of, infection due to relevant communicable disease agents and diseases; and
• Is free from communicable disease risks associated with xenotransplantation; and
• The results of donor testing for relevant communicable disease agents in accordance with 1271.80 and 1271.85 are negative or nonreactive, except as provided in 1271.80(d)(1).
• Haploidentical by HLA-typing
• Preference will be given to donors who demonstrate KIR incompatibility with recipient HLA class I ligands defined as the donor expressing a KIR gene for which the corresponding HLA class I ligand is not expressed by the recipient.
• Negative testing for relevant communicable diseases:
• Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)
• Hepatitis B core antibody (Anti-HBc)
• Hepatitis C antibody (Anti-HCV)
• HIV 1 & 2 antibody (Anti-HIV-1, 2 plus O)
• HTLV I/II antibody (Anti-HTLV I/II)
• RPR (Syphilis TP)
• CMV (Capture CMV)
• MPX for: HepB (HBV-PCR), HepC (HCV-PCR), HIV (HIV-PCR)
• NAT for West Nile Virus (WNV-PCR)
• T. Cruzi
•EIA (Chagas)
Exclusion Criteria:

• Pregnant or breast-feeding
• HIV infection
• Heart failure or uncontrolled cardiac rhythm disturbance
• Uncontrolled, Serious Active Infection
• Prior organ allograft
• Significant serious intercurrent illness unrelated to cancer or its treatment not covered by other exclusion criteria expected to significantly increase the risk of HSCT
• Any mental or physical condition, in the opinion of the PI (or PI designee), which could interfere with the ability of the subject (or the only parent or legal guardian available to care for the subject) to understand or adhere to the requirements of the study
• Enrollment in any other clinical study from screening up to Day 100 (unless PI judges such enrollment would not interfere with endpoints of this study) Exclusion Criteria for Donors:
• Lactating females
• Pregnant females
Bones and Joints, Brain and Nervous System, Colon, Esophagus, Eye and Orbit, Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Ill-Defined Sites, Kidney, Leukemia, other, Liver, Lung, Lymphoid Leukemia, Myeloid and Monocytic Leukemia, Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Other Female Genital, Other Hematopoietic, Other Male Genital, Other Respiratory and Intrathoracic Organs, Other Skin, Other Urinary, Ovary, Pancreas, Prostate, Rectum, Small Intestine, Soft Tissue, Stomach, Urinary Bladder, Brain/Central Nervous System, Hematologic cancers, other, Leukemia, Lymphoma, Sarcoma, Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Hodgkin Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Myelodysplastic Syndrome, Myeloproliferative Syndrome, Rhabdomyosarcoma, Ewing Sarcoma, Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor, Osteosarcoma, Neuroblastoma
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Carotid Atherosclerotic Plaque Study

First, to establish a comparison of the pathophysiology of carotid atherosclerosis and the genetic and environmental variables that cause those plaques to become symptomatic. Second, to differentiate between vulnerable plaque and other types of plaque using ultrasound elastography, MRI data, trans-cranial doppler along with RF (radio frequency) analysis of back-scattered ultrasonic echoes.
Robert Dempsey, MD
All
18 Years to 80 Years old
NA
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT00214006
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Male and Female patients aged 18-80 presenting for carotid endarterectomy
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients not felt suitable for carotid endarterectomy and those with impaired decision-making capacity
Carotid artery syndrome (hemispheric), Atherosclerosis, Brain & Neurological
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A Phase II Study of Pulse Reduced Dose Rate Radiation Therapy With Bevacizumab

To determine the efficacy of Pulse Reduced Dose Rate (PRDR) radiation when given in 27 fraction over 5.5 weeks with concurrent bevacizumab followed by adjuvant bevacizumab until time of progression in patients with recurrent high grade gliomas (grade III and grade IV). Patients will be placed in 1 of 4 groups based on their histologic diagnosis and prior exposure to bevacizumab.
Steven Howard, MD
All
18 Years and over
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT01743950
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Histologically confirmed diagnose of a grade WHO grade III or IV glioma
• Recurrent disease based on combination of clinical, imaging or histologic confirmation
• Must have previously received radiation and temozolomide to treat their glioma
• Bevacizumab naive patients must be > 6months post completion of initial radiation therapy
• Bevacizumab exposed patients must be > 3months post completion of initial radiation therapy
• Age must be >18years, KPS must be greater than 60
• Hematology, chemistry and a urinalysis must meet protocol specified criteria
Exclusion Criteria:

• Pregnant or breastfeeding
• May not be on full dose anti-coagulation therapy, Low molecular weight heparin is ok
• Uncontrolled hypertension (>140/90mmHg)
• Prior malignancy unless treated >1 year prior to study and have been without treatment and disease free for 1 yr
• active second malignancy unless non-melanoma skin cancer or cervical cancer in situ
Glioma, Brain and Nervous System, Brain/Central Nervous System
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Medium Chain Triglycerides as an Adjunct to the Modified Atkins Diet for Women With Catamenial Epilepsy

The modified Atkins diet (MAD) has been shown to be effective in treating intractable epilepsy. Approximately 55% of the patients started on the diet are women of childbearing age and women with epilepsy often have a pattern of seizures that correlates with their menstrual cycle, called catamenial epilepsy. The investigators have observed that despite an overall reduction in seizure frequency, some women on the MAD continue to have breakthrough seizures in a catamenial pattern. The investigators hypothesize that women with a history of intractable epilepsy who have been on the modified Atkins diet for at least 3 months and have a catamenial seizure pattern will tolerate and be compliant with the addition of a daily amount of betaquik® (a liquid emulsion of medium chain triglycerides) for a 10 day time interval starting 2 days prior to and encompassing the primary catamenial pattern.
Elizabeth Felton, MD
Female
18 Years and over
N/A
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT02426047
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Adult women ≥ 18 years
• Already on the modified Atkins diet for at least 3 months and compliant with treatment
• Catamenial seizure pattern (by Herzog criteria) for at least 2 of the past 3 months (as documented by calendars provided with annotations for seizures and menstrual cycle start and end dates) Exclusion Criteria (basic exclusion criteria for the modified Atkins diet, so patients should have already been screened for these factors):
• Unwilling to restrict carbohydrates
• Significantly underweight (BMI <18.5)
• Kidney disease
• History of hypercholesterolemia (>300 mg/dl) or hypertriglyceridemia (>200 mg/dl)
• Metabolic or mitochondrial disorder
• Pregnancy
• Lactose intolerance or milk allergy
• Aversion to liquids or inability to eat solid food Exclusion Criteria (specific to this study):
• Men
• Women who are menopausal or peri-menopausal
• Prior use of betaquik® at any time for any duration
• Already using another ketogenic diet supplement on a sporadic basis (unless the patient is using one daily and is willing to continue doing so for the duration of this study)
• Already using coconut oil specifically for catamenial epilepsy within the month prior to enrollment (okay if patient only using for cooking throughout the month)
• Taking a hormonal contraceptive so that they do not menstruate (e.g. taking active instead of placebo oral contraceptive pills to avoid having a period)
• Anticipated need to adjust anti-epileptic medications within the next 6 months
• Anticipated initiation, change, or discontinuation of a hormonal contraceptive within the next 6 months
• Pregnant or anticipated pregnancy within the next 6 months
Epilepsy, Seizure, Catamenial Epilepsy, Medically Resistant Epilepsy, Medically Resistant Seizures
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Dose Escalation Study of CLR 131 in Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults With Relapsed or Refractory Malignant Tumors Including But Not Limited to Neuroblastoma, Rhabdomyosarcoma, Ewings Sarcoma, and Osteosarcoma (CLOVER-2)

The study evaluates CLR 131 in children, adolescents, and young adults with relapsed or refractory malignant solid tumors and lymphoma and recurrent or refractory malignant brain tumors for which there are no standard treatment options with curative potential.
Diane Puccetti, M.D.
All
2 Years to 25 Years old
Phase 1
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03478462
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Inclusion Criteria:
All Patients
• Previously confirmed (histologically or cytologically) pediatric solid tumor (e.g., neuroblastoma, sarcoma), lymphoma (including Hodgkin's lymphoma), or malignant brain tumors that are clinically or radiographically suspected to be relapsed, refractory, or recurrent for which there are no standard treatment options with curative potential. Note: patients with diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) may enroll without histological or cytological confirmation.
• ≥ 2 years of age and ≤ 25 years of age at time of consent/assent
• If ≥ age 16 years, Karnofsky performance status of ≥ 60. If < age 16 years, Lansky performance status ≥ 60
• Platelets ≥ 75,000/µL (last transfusion, if any, must be at least 1 week prior to study registration, and, unless deemed medically necessary, no transfusions are allowed between registration and dosing)
• Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 750/µL
• Hemoglobin ≥ 8 g/dL (last transfusion must be at least 1 week prior to study registration, and, unless deemed medically necessary, no transfusions are allowed between registration and dosing)
• Using the bedside Schwartz formula, estimated GFR (creatinine clearance) > 60 ml/min/1.73m2
• Alanine aminotransferase < 3 × ULN
• Bilirubin < 2 × ULN
• Patients who have undergone autologous or allogeneic bone marrow transplant must be at least 3 months from transplant.
• Patients enrolling at total dose levels > 30 millicurie (mCi)/m2 must have availability or ability to collect an autologous hematopoietic stem cell back-up product prior to CLR 131 administration. At minimum, 2 x 10^6/kg cryopreserved CD34+ cells must be available.
• Patient or his or her legal representative is judged by the Investigator to have the initiative and means to be compliant with the protocol. Patients with Pediatric Solid Tumor or Lymphoma
• At least 1 measurable lesion with longest diameter of at least 10 mm. Patients with a lesion(s) that are determined to be Metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) or positron emission tomography (PET) positive may be enrolled at the investigator's discretion, even if not associated with a measurable lesion of at least 10 mm. Patients with neuroblastoma who have detectable disease may enroll provided they meet the requirements of the International Neuroblastoma Response Criteria.
• Patients with known brain metastases must have completed any radiotherapy or systemic treatments for brain metastases prior to enrollment; by investigator assessment be considered stable with no new signs or symptoms for at least 1 month, and on a stable dose of steroids (unchanged for three weeks prior to registration or on a steroid tapering regimen). Patients with Recurrent or Refractory Brain Tumors
• At least 1 measurable lesion with longest diameter of at least 10 mm on any imaging sequence.
• Patients with previously known neurological deficits must be clinically stable at time of enrollment and able to complete all study related procedures. Patients with documented or newly diagnosed neurological deficits will be enrolled at the investigator's discretion.
• If patient receives steroids for neurological symptom control, the dose must be stable (unchanged for three weeks prior to registration) or on a steroid tapering regimen. Initiation of steroids per routine care immediately prior to CLR 131 dosing is acceptable.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients receiving active treatment for central nervous system metastases or those that are likely to require active treatment during anticipated participation in this trial. Patients with stable brain metastases treated with steroids may enroll at the investigator's discretion
• For solid tumor and lymphoma patients only, central nervous system involvement unless previously treated with surgery, systemic therapy, or radiotherapy with the patient neurologically stable. Patients with metastatic brain tumors that have been previously treated are allowed, provided the patient is neurologically stable (determined at the investigator's discretion).
• Antitumor therapy or investigational therapy, within 2 weeks of dosing. For certain types of radiation (craniospinal, total abdominal, whole lung [spot irradiation to skull-based metastases is not considered craniospinal radiation for the purposes of this study]), at least 3 months must have elapsed. No washout is required for palliative focal radiation. NOTE: Patients participating in non-interventional clinical trials (i.e., non-drug) are allowed to participate in this trial
• Patients previously treated with iodine-131 (131I)-MIBG who have already received a cumulative I-131 dose > 54 mCi/kg or who would exceed 54 mCi/kg by participating in this trial, are not eligible.
Anus, Bones and Joints, Brain and Nervous System, Breast, Cervix, Colon, Corpus Uteri, Esophagus, Eye and Orbit, Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Ill-Defined Sites, Kidney, Larynx, Lip, Oral Cavity and Pharynx, Liver, Lung, Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Other Digestive Organ, Other Endocrine System, Other Female Genital, Other Male Genital, Other Respiratory and Intrathoracic Organs, Other Skin, Other Urinary, Ovary, Pancreas, Prostate, Rectum, Small Intestine, Soft Tissue, Stomach, Thyroid, Urinary Bladder, Anal, Bladder, Brain/Central Nervous System, Colon and Rectum, Endocrine cancers, Gastrointestinal cancers, other, Genitourinary cancers, other, Head and Neck, Lymphoma, Melanoma/Skin cancer, Sarcoma, Uterus, Pediatric Solid Tumor, Pediatric Lymphoma, Pediatric Brain Tumor, DIPG, Neuroblastoma, Ewing Sarcoma, Rhabdomyosarcoma, Osteosarcoma
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Long-term Follow-up Study of Patients Receiving Onasemnogene Abeparvovec-xioi

This is a long-term follow-up safety and efficacy study of participants in clinical trials for spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) who were treated with onasemnogene abeparvovec-xioi. Participants will roll over from their respective previous (parent) study into this long-term study for continuous monitoring of safety as well as monitoring of continued efficacy and durability of response to onasemnogene abeparvovec-xioi treatment.
Jennifer Kwon, MD
All
Not specified
Phase 4
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04042025
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Any participant with SMA who received onasemnogene abeparvovec-xioi gene replacement therapy in an Novartis Gene Therapies, Inc. sponsored clinical study
• Participant/parent/legal guardian willing and able to complete the informed consent process and comply with study procedures and visit schedule
Exclusion Criteria:

• Parent/legal guardian unable or unwilling to participate in the long-term follow-up safety study
Spinal muscular atrophy, Congenital & Chromosomal Abnormalities, Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type I, Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type II, Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type III, SMA
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Registry of Patients With a Diagnosis of Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA)

Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a neurogenetic disorder caused by a loss or mutation in the survival motor neuron 1 gene (SMN1) on chromosome 5q13, which leads to reduced SMN protein levels and a selective dysfunction of motor neurons. SMA is an autosomal recessive, early childhood disease with an incidence of 1:10,000 live births. SMA is the leading cause of infant mortality due to genetic diseases. Until recently, the mainstay of treatment for these patients was supportive medical care. However, advances in medical treatment focusing on gene replacement, gene enhancement, motor neuron protection and muscle enhancement is likely to change the management and prognosis of these patients in the future. The purpose of this registry is to assess the long term outcomes of patients with SMA in the context of advances in treatment options.
Jennifer Kwon, MD
All
Not specified
NA
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04174157
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients with SMA, genetically confirmed on or after 24 May 2018.
• Appropriate consent/assent has been obtained for participation in the registry
Exclusion Criteria:

•Currently enrolled in an interventional clinical trial involving an investigational medicinal product to treat SMA. Note: Patients that are participating in a Compassionate Use Program (CUP) for AVXS-101 (Zolgensma) such as a Managed Access Program (MAP), an Expanded Access Program (EAP), Single Patient Investigational New Drug (IND) (SPI) or Named Patient Program (NPP) are eligible to enroll in the registry regardless of the date of genetic confirmation of SMA.
Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA), Spinal muscular atrophy
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Study Describing Cognitive Processing Speed Changes in Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis Subjects Treated With Ozanimod (RPC-1063) (ENLIGHTEN)

This is a multicenter, longitudinal, single-arm, open-label study to describe the change from baseline in cognitive processing speed, measured by the SDMT, in subjects with RMS treated with ozanimod HCl 1 mg at 3 years. All subjects will receive orally administered ozanimod HCl 1 mg. The primary efficacy endpoint is the proportion of subjects with a clinically meaningful increase in raw score of ≥ 4 points or 10% from baseline (improved). The treatment period is 36 months. For all subjects who finish the subject and for those who discontinue, there will be a 30-day (± 15 days) and a 90-day (± 10 days) Safety Follow-up Visit. There is no planned protocol extension following the end of the study. Approximately 250 subjects with RMS will be recruited for this study. Subjects with RMS will be enrolled in this study if they have received ≤ 1 DMT, have an EDSS ≤ 3.5, and have been diagnosed with RMS within 5 years of study entry. The Investigator will be responsible for the overall conduct of the study at the site, confirmation of subject eligibility, routine study subject clinical management including for MS relapses, and management of AEs.
Natasha Frost, MD
All
18 Years to 65 Years old
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04140305
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Inclusion Criteria:
Below are some criteria for inclusion. Additional Inclusion criteria apply. 1. Subject must understand and voluntarily sign an informed consent form (ICF) prior to any study-related assessments/procedures being conducted. 2. Subject is willing and able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements. 3. Subject is male or female 18 to 65 years of age (inclusive) at the time of signing of the ICF. 4. Subject has a diagnosis of MS according to the 2010 or 2017 Revised McDonald criteria. 5. Subjects has ≤ 5 years since time of RMS diagnosis. 6. Subject has ≤ 1 approved RMS DMT at time of study entry.
Exclusion Criteria:
Following are some criteria that would exclude the subject from participation. Additional exclusion criteria apply. Exclusions Related to General Health 1. Subject has any clinically relevant hepatic, neurological, pulmonary, ophthalmological, endocrine, psychiatric, or other major systemic disease making implementation of the protocol or interpretation of the study difficult or that would put the subject at risk by participating in the study. Subjects with mild or moderate asthma, and subjects with other mild pulmonary disease (eg, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [COPD]) may be included in the study. 2. Subject has a presence of other neurologic disorders to explain the progressive neurologic disability (as defined in the key inclusion criteria) or that might affect cognition. 3. Subject has a visual or other sensorimotor impairment likely to confound test performance. 4. Subject has a presence of > 10 GdE lesions on the Baseline brain MRI scan. 5. Subject has a history of developmental disorder (eg, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD], learning disability).
Multiple Sclerosis
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AtRial Cardiopathy and Antithrombotic Drugs In Prevention After Cryptogenic Stroke (ARCADIA)

Objectives - Primary: To test the hypothesis that apixaban is superior to aspirin for the prevention of recurrent stroke in patients with cryptogenic ischemic stroke and atrial cardiopathy. - Secondary: To test the hypothesis that the relative efficacy of apixaban over aspirin increases with the severity of atrial cardiopathy.
Edward Bradbury, MD
All
45 Years and over
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03192215
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Age ≥ 45 years.
• Clinical diagnosis of ischemic stroke + brain imaging to rule out hemorrhagic stroke.
• Modified Rankin Scale (MRS) score ≤ 4.
• Ability to be randomized within 3 to 180 days after stroke onset.
• ESUS, defined as all of the following:
• Stroke detected by CT or MRI that is not lacunar. Lacunar is defined as a subcortical (this includes pons and midbrain) infarct in the distribution of the small, penetrating cerebral arteries whose largest dimension is ≤1.5 cm on CT or ≤2.0 cm on MRI diffusion images/<1.5 cm on T2 weighted MR images. The following are not considered lacunes: multiple simultaneous small deep infarcts, lateral medullary infarcts, and cerebellar infarcts. Patients with a clinical lacunar stroke syndrome and no infarct on imaging are excluded.
• Absence of extracranial or intracranial atherosclerosis causing ≥50 percent luminal stenosis of the artery supplying the area of ischemia. Patients must undergo vascular imaging of the extracranial and intracranial vessels using either catheter angiography, CT angiogram (CTA), MR angiogram (MRA), or ultrasound, as considered appropriate by the treating physician and local principal investigator.
• No major-risk cardioembolic source of embolism, including intracardiac thrombus, mechanical prosthetic cardiac valve, atrial myxoma or other cardiac tumors, moderate or severe mitral stenosis, myocardial infarction within the last 4 weeks, left ventricular ejection fraction <30 percent, valvular vegetations, or infective endocarditis). Patent foramen ovale is not an exclusion. All patients must undergo electrocardiogram, transthoracic or transesophageal echocardiography (TTE or TEE) and at least 24 hours of cardiac rhythm monitoring (Holter monitor or telemetry or equivalent). Additional cardiac imaging, such as cardiac MRI, or cardiac CT will be performed at the discretion of the local treating physician and principal investigator. Additional cardiac rhythm monitoring, such as monitored cardiac outpatient telemetry (MCOT) or an implanted cardiac monitor, will be at the discretion of the treating physician and local principal investigator.
• No other specific cause of stroke identified, such as arteritis, dissection, migraine, vasospasm, drug abuse, or hypercoagulability. Special testing, such as toxicological screens, serological testing for syphilis, and tests for hypercoagulability, will be performed at the discretion of the treating physician and local principal investigator.
Exclusion Criteria:

• History of atrial fibrillation (AF), AF on 12-lead ECG, or any AF of any duration during heart-rhythm monitoring prior to randomization.
• Clear indication for treatment-dose anticoagulant therapy, such as venous thromboembolism or a mechanical heart valve.
• Need for antiplatelet agent, such as aspirin or clopidogrel
• History of spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage.
• Chronic kidney disease with serum creatinine ≥2.5 mg/dL.For Canadian sites only, estimated creatinine clearance (eCrCl) <15 mL/min is also an exclusion criterion.
• Active hepatitis or hepatic insufficiency with Child-Pugh score B or C.
• Clinically significant bleeding diathesis.
• Unresolved anemia (hemoglobin <9 g/dL) or thrombocytopenia (<100 x 10E9/L).
• Clinically significant gastrointestinal bleeding within the past year (e.g., not due to external hemorrhoids).
• At risk for pregnancy: premenopausal or postmenopausal woman within 12 months of last menses without a negative pregnancy test or not committing to adequate birth control, which includes an oral contraceptive, two methods of barrier birth control such as condom with or without spermicidal lubricant + diaphragm, or abstinence.
• Known allergy or intolerance to aspirin or apixaban.
• Concomitant participation in another clinical trial involving a drug or acute stroke intervention.
• Considered by the investigator to have a condition that precludes follow-up or safe participation in the trial.
• Inability of either participant or surrogate to provide written, informed consent for trial participation.
Stroke, Cerebral infarction, Brain & Neurological
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APL-101 Study of Subjects With NSCLC With c-Met EXON 14 Skip Mutations and c-Met Dysregulation Advanced Solid Tumors (SPARTA)

The primary Phase 1 purpose of this study was to assess overall safety, tolerability and recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) of APL-101. The Phase 2 portion will assess efficacy of the dose determined in Phase 1 in individuals with Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer with c-Met EXON 14 Skip Mutations; individuals with cancers associated with c-Met amplifications; individuals with cancers associated with c-Met fusion
Mark Burkard, MD, PhD
All
18 Years and over
Phase 1/Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03175224
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Major
Inclusion Criteria:

• Able to understand and comply with study procedures, understand the risks involved, and provide written informed consent.
• For Phase 1, histologically and / or cytological confirmed unresectable or metastatic solid malignancy, refractory to standard therapies with no more than three prior lines of therapy (Completed).
• For Phase 2, seven cohorts will be enrolled: Cohort A-1: NSCLC EXON 14 skip mutation (c-Met naïve) for first line treatment, Cohort A-2: NSCLC EXON 14 skip mutation (c-Met naïve) pretreated subjects with no more than 3 lines of prior therapy, Cohort B: NSCLC EXON 14 skip mutation (c-Met experienced; radiographic progression on prior c-Met inhibitor), Cohort C: basket of tumor types with c-Met high level amplification (except Primary CNS tumors), Cohort C-1: NSCLC harboring MET amplification and wild-type epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) with no more than 3 lines of prior therapy (MET Naive), Cohort D: basket of tumor types except for primary CNS tumors harboring MET gene fusions (e.g., NSCLC, upper GI, colorectal, hepatobiliary cancer). Previously treated; or previously untreated but refused standard treatment, or if treatment was unavailable or unfeasible (≤ 3 prior lines in unresectable or metastatic setting). Met naive, Cohort E: Primary CNS tumors with MET alterations (single or co-occurred MET fusion including PTPRZ1-MET [ZM] fusion, MET Exon 14 skipping mutation, or MET amplification).Previously treated or previously untreated but refused standard treatment, or if treatment was unavailable or unfeasible (≤ 3 prior lines), Met naive.
•Local/archival result (tissue and/or plasma) of a positive c-Met dysregulation is required (except in Cohort A-1 in the US and Cohort C-1). In Phase 2, provision of either archival or a fresh tumor biopsy sample (if safe and feasible) either from the primary or a metastatic site is required for study entry for Cohorts A-1, A-2, C, C-1, and D.
• Measurable disease according to relevant criteria (RECIST v1.1, RANO for CNS tumors, or other relevant criteria per tumor type).
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-1 and/or Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS) score.
• For all prior anticancer treatment, including radiotherapy, chemotherapy or targeted agents or hormonal therapy, a duration of more than 30 days or 5 half-lives of the agents used, whichever is shorter, must have elapsed, and any encountered toxicity must have resolved to levels meeting all the other eligibility criteria prior to the first dose of study treatment. Palliative radiotherapy to non-target lesions should be completed within 2 weeks prior to APL-101 administration.
• No planned major surgery within 4 weeks of first dose of APL-101
• Expected survival (life expectancy) ≥ 3 months from C1D1. Major
Exclusion Criteria:

• Hypersensitivity to APL-101, excipients of the drug product, or other components of the study treatment regimen.
• Known actionable mutation/gene rearrangement of EGFR (except for Cohort C), ALK, ROS1, RET, NTRK, KRAS, and BRAF.
• Unstable angina or myocardial infarction within 1 year prior to first dose of APL-101, symptomatic or unstable arrhythmia requiring medical therapy, history of congenital prolonged QT syndrome, prolonged QT interval corrected by Fridericia formula (QTcF) at screening (> 450 msec based on the average of 3 measurements), or concurrent treatment with a medication that is a known risk for prolonging the QT interval.
• Unable to swallow orally administered medication whole.
• Impairment of gastrointestinal function or gastrointestinal disease that may significantly alter drug absorption (e.g., Crohn's, ulcerative colitis, active inflammatory bowel disease, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or malabsorption syndrome). Symptomatic and/or neurologically unstable CNS metastases, or who require an increase in steroid dose to control CNS disease. Subjects who have been receiving a stable steroid dose for at least 2 weeks prior to C1D1 may be allowed.
•Women who are breastfeeding.
Lip, Oral Cavity and Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestine, Colon, Rectum, Anus, Liver, Pancreas, Other Digestive Organ, Larynx, Lung, Other Respiratory and Intrathoracic Organs, Bones and Joints, Soft Tissue, Melanoma, Skin, Kaposi's Sarcoma, Other Skin, Breast, Cervix, Corpus Uteri, Ovary, Other Female Genital, Prostate, Other Male Genital, Urinary Bladder, Kidney, Other Urinary, Eye and Orbit, Brain and Nervous System, Thyroid, Other Endocrine System, Unknown Sites, Ill-Defined Sites, Anal, Bladder, Brain/Central Nervous System, Colon and Rectum, Endocrine cancers, Gastrointestinal cancers, other, Genitourinary cancers, other, Head and Neck, Melanoma/Skin cancer, Sarcoma, Uterus, Solid Tumor, Advanced Cancer, Renal Cancer, Gastric Cancer, Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma, NSCLC, Lung Cancer, Brain Tumor, Glioblastoma Multiforme
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Assessing the Clinical Benefit of Molecular Profiling in Patients With Solid Tumors

Many patients are treated for advanced cancer without knowledge of underlying molecular features that might indicate FDA approved therapies or potential eligibility for biomarker-selected clinical trials. The Strata Trial (STR-001-001) has been initiated by Strata Oncology to evaluate the clinical benefit of systematic comprehensive genomic profiling for participants with advanced cancer using real-world data and endpoints, while assessing the proportion of participants available for clinical trials and approved targeted therapies in advanced and/or aggressive cancers. The Strata Trial uses surplus, or leftover, tumor specimens for molecular profiling and does not require additional study-specific procedures.
Mark Burkard, MD, PhD
All
18 Years and over
N/A
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03061305
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Subjects must be ≥ 18 years of age.
• Subjects must have histologically documented solid tumors (including lymphoma and multiple myeloma).
• Specific criteria for individual tumor types are as follows: 1. Participants with gliomas are eligible at any stage of disease 2. Participants with pancreatic carcinoma are eligible at any stage of disease 3. Participants with rare tumors (i.e. cancer started in an unusual place in the body, it is unusual type and requires special treatment) are eligible at stages II-IV. 4. Participants with other tumor types must have recurrent, relapsed, refractory, metastatic, or advanced stages III or IV cancer.
• Must have an adequate formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor specimen for genomic sequencing.
Anus, Any Site, Bones and Joints, Brain and Nervous System, Breast, Cervix, Colon, Corpus Uteri, Esophagus, Eye and Orbit, Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Ill-Defined Sites, Kaposi's Sarcoma, Kidney, Larynx, Leukemia, other, Lip, Oral Cavity and Pharynx, Liver, Lung, Lymphoid Leukemia, Melanoma, Skin, Mycosis Fungoides, Myeloid and Monocytic Leukemia, Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Other Digestive Organ, Other Endocrine System, Other Female Genital, Other Hematopoietic, Other Male Genital, Other Respiratory and Intrathoracic Organs, Other Skin, Other Urinary, Ovary, Pancreas, Prostate, Rectum, Small Intestine, Soft Tissue, Stomach, Thyroid, Unknown Sites, Urinary Bladder, Head and Neck, Gastrointestinal cancers, other, Colon and Rectum, Anal, Sarcoma, Melanoma/Skin cancer, Hematologic cancers, other, Uterus, Genitourinary cancers, other, Bladder, Brain/Central Nervous System, Endocrine cancers, Leukemia, Cancer, Adult Solid Tumor, Lymphoma, Multiple Myeloma
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Memory Improvement Through Nicotine Dosing (MIND) Study (MIND)

The purpose of the study is to see if daily transdermal nicotine is able to produce a significant cognitive, clinical and functional improvement in participants with MCI. Neuronal nicotinic receptors have long been known to play a critical role in memory function in preclinical studies, with nicotine improving attention, learning, and memory function. The study will enroll 300 participants for a 2 year period. Participants will be randomized (50:50) to either the transdermal nicotine, beginning at 7mg/day, and increasing to 21mg/day, or placebo skin patch.
Sanjay Asthana, MD
All
55 Years to 90 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT02720445
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Inclusion Criteria:
1. Participant must have a subjective memory concern as reported by participant, study partner, or clinician 2. Abnormal memory function documented by scoring within the education adjusted ranges on the Logical Memory II subscale (Delayed Paragraph Recall) from the Wechsler Memory Scale
•Revised:
• less than or equal to 11 for 16 or more years of education
• less than or equal to 9 for 8
•15 years of education
• less than or equal to 6 for 0
•7 years of education 3. Mini-Mental State Exam score between 24 and 30, inclusive 4. Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) Global = 0.5. Memory Box score must be at least 0.5 5. General cognition and functional performance sufficiently preserved such that a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease dementia cannot be made by the site physician at the time of the screening visit 6. Age 55-90 (inclusive) 7. Stable permitted medications for 4 weeks or longer as specified in Section 6, including: • Memantine and cholinesterase inhibitors are allowable if stable for 12 weeks prior to screen 8. Geriatric Depression Scale score of less than or equal to 14 9. Study Partner is available who has frequent contact with the participant (e.g. an average of 10 hours per week or more), and can accompany the participant to most visits to answer questions about the participant 10. Adequate visual and auditory acuity to allow neuropsychological testing 11. Good general health with no additional diseases/disorders expected to interfere with the study 12. Participant is not pregnant, lactating, or of childbearing potential (i.e. women must be two years post-menopausal or surgically sterile) 13. Completed six grades of education or has a good work history 14. Fluent in English or Spanish
Exclusion Criteria:
1. Regular use of tobacco products within the past year, such as smoking (cigarettes, pipes, cigars, etc.) or use of other nicotine products (chewing tobacco, e-cigarettes, nicotine patches, gum, sprays, etc.). 2. Any significant neurologic disease such as Alzheimer's disease dementia, Parkinson's disease, multi-infarct dementia, Huntington's disease, normal pressure hydrocephalus, brain tumor, progressive supranuclear palsy, seizure disorder, subdural hematoma, multiple sclerosis, or history of significant head trauma followed by persistent neurologic deficits or known structural brain abnormalities. 3. Major depression, bipolar disorder as described in DSM-V within the past 1 year or psychotic features, agitation or behavioral problems within 3 months, which could lead to difficulty complying with the protocol 4. History of schizophrenia (DSM V criteria) 5. History of alcohol or substance abuse or dependence within the past 2 years (DSM V criteria) 6. Clinically significant or unstable medical condition, including uncontrolled hypertension, uncontrolled diabetes, or significant cardiac, pulmonary, renal, hepatic, endocrine, or other systemic disease in the opinion of the Investigator, may either put the participant at risk because of participation in the study, or influence the results, or the participant's ability to participate in the study. 7. Has had a history within the last 5 years of a primary or recurrent malignant disease with the exception of non-melanoma skin cancers, resected cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma in situ, basal cell carcinoma, cervical carcinoma in situ, or in situ prostate cancer with normal prostate-specific antigen post-treatment 8. Clinically significant abnormalities in B12 or TFTs (Thyroid Function Tests) that might interfere with the study. A low B12 is exclusionary, unless the required follow-up labs (homocysteine (HC) and methylmalonic acid (MMA)) indicate that it is not physiologically significant. 9. Clinically significant abnormalities in screening laboratories or ECG. 10. Residence in skilled nursing facility. 11. Use of any excluded medication as described in the protocol, including:
• Use of centrally acting anti-cholinergic drugs
• Use of any investigational drugs within 30 days or 5 half-lives, whichever is longer, prior to screening. 12. For CSF sub-study participants, a current blood clotting or bleeding disorder, or significantly abnormal PT or PTT (partial thromboplastin time) at screening 13. For MRI sub-study participants, contraindications for MRI studies, including claustrophobia, the presence of metal (ferromagnetic) implants, or cardiac pacemaker. 14. Patients whom the Site PI deems to be otherwise ineligible.
Mild Cognitive Impairment, Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic, Cognitive Disorders [F03]
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AMPLATZER PFO Occluder Post Approval Study (PFO PAS)

The purpose of this single arm, multi-center study is to confirm the safety and effectiveness of the AMPLATZER™ PFO Occluder in the post Approval Setting.
Kurt Jacobson, MD, MHSA
All
18 Years to 60 Years old
N/A
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03309332
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Inclusion Criteria:
• Subjects with a PFO who have had an ischemic stroke within the last 547 days
Exclusion Criteria:

• Atherosclerosis or other arteriopathy of the intracranial and extracranial vessels associated with a ≥ 50% lumen diameter supplying the involved lesion
• Intra-cardiac thrombus or tumor
• Documented evidence of venous thrombus in the vessels through which access to the PFO is gained
• Acute or recent (within 6 months prior to consent) myocardial infarction or unstable angina
• Left ventricular aneurysm or akinesis
• Mitral valve stenosis or severe mitral regurgitation requiring intervention irrespective of etiology
• Aortic valve stenosis (mean gradient >40 mmHg) or severe aortic valve regurgitation
• Mitral or aortic valve vegetation or prosthesis
• Aortic arch plaques protruding greater than 4mm into the aortic lumen
• Left ventricular dilated cardiomyopathy with depressed left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF less than 35%)
• Subjects with other source of right to left shunts, including an atrial septal defect and/or fenestrated septum
• Chronic, persistent, or paroxysmal atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter
• Pregnancy at the time of implant
• Age less than 18 years or greater than 60 years at time of consent
• Active endocarditis or other untreated infections
• Organ failure (kidney, liver or lung) Kidney failure: Poor urine output of less than 1 cc/kg/hr with elevated BUN levels (above the normal reference range for the laboratory at the investigational site). Liver failure: Liver enzymes outside the normal reference range for the laboratory at the investigational site: poor liver function as assessed by elevated PT (above the normal reference range for the laboratory at the investigational site) and low total protein and albumin (below the normal reference range for the laboratory at the investigational site). Lung failure: Respiratory failure is retention of carbon dioxide more than 60 mmHg, poor oxygenation with oxygen tension less than 40 mmHg in room air or the need for assisted ventilation.
• Uncontrolled hypertension defined as sustained elevated systemic blood pressure to more than 160/90 mmHg with medications
• Uncontrolled diabetes defined as continued elevated glucose levels in spite of administration of insulin/levels of more than 200 mg with presence of glucose in the urine
• Diagnosis of lacunar infarct probably due to intrinsic small vessel as qualifying stroke event Definition: Ischemic stroke in the distribution of a single, small deep penetrating vessel in a patient with any of the following: 1) a history of hypertension (except in the first week post stroke); 2) history of diabetes mellitus; 3) Age >/= 50; or 4) MRI or CT shows leukoaraiosis greater than symmetric, well-defined periventricular caps or bands (European Task Force on Age-Related White Matter Changes rating scale score > 0)
• Arterial dissection as cause of stroke
• Subjects who test positive with one of the following hypercoagulable states; Anticardiolipin Ab of the IgG or IgM (≥30), Lupus anticoagulant, B2-glycoprotein-1 antibodies (≥30) or persistently elevated homocysteine (>20)
• Unable to take antiplatelet therapy
• Anatomy in which the AMPLATZERTM PFO Occluder device size required would interfere with intracardiac or intravascular structures such as valves or pulmonary veins
• Vasculature, through which access to the PFO is gained, is inadequate to accommodate the appropriate sheath size
• Malignancy or other illness where life expectancy is less than 2 years
• Subjects who will not be available for follow-up for the duration of the trial
• Inability to obtain Informed Consent from patient
• Index stroke of poor outcome (modified Rankin score greater than 3)
Stroke, Patent Foramen Ovale, Cerebral infarction, Atrial septal defect, Heart & Vascular, Brain & Neurological
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Sleep for Stroke Management and Recovery Trial (Sleep SMART)

The purpose of this study is to determine whether treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with positive airway pressure starting shortly after acute ischemic stroke or high risk TIA (1) reduces recurrent stroke, acute coronary syndrome, and all-cause mortality 6 months after the event, and (2) improves stroke outcomes at 3 months in patients who experienced an ischemic stroke.
Robert Dempsey, MD
All
18 Years and over
N/A
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03812653
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Inclusion Criteria:
1. TIA with ABCD2 ≥4 or ischemic stroke, within the prior 14 days.
Exclusion Criteria:
1. pre-event inability to perform all of own basic ADLs 2. unable to obtain informed consent from subject or legally authorized representative 3. incarcerated 4. known pregnancy 5. current mechanical ventilation (can enroll later if this resolves) or tracheostomy 6. current use of positive airway pressure, or use within one month prior to stroke 7. anatomical or dermatologic anomaly that makes use of CPAP interface unfeasible 8. severe bullous lung disease 9. history of prior spontaneous pneumothorax or current pneumothorax 10. hypotension requiring current treatment with pressors (can enroll later if this resolves) 11. other specific medical circumstances that conceivably, in the opinion of the site PI, could render the patient at risk of harm from use of CPAP 12. massive epistaxis or previous history of massive epistaxis 13. cranial surgery or head trauma within the past 6 months, with known or possible CSF leak or pneumocephalus 14. recent hemicraniectomy or suboccipital craniectomy (i.e. those whose bone has not yet been replaced), or any other recent bone removal procedure for relief of intracranial pressure 15. current receipt of oxygen supplementation >4 liters per minute 16. current contact, droplet, respiratory/airborne precautions
Ischemic Stroke, Sleep Apnea, Sleep Apnea, Obstructive, TIA, Stroke, CPAP, Telemedicine, Home Sleep Apnea Test, Randomized Clinical Trial, Multicenter Trial, Cerebral infarction, Brain & Neurological
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Single Fraction Stereotactic Radiosurgery Compared With Fractionated Stereotactic Radiosurgery in Treating Patients With Resected Metastatic Brain Disease

This phase III trial studies how well single fraction stereotactic radiosurgery works compared with fractionated stereotactic radiosurgery in treating patients with cancer that has spread to the brain from other parts of the body and has been removed by surgery. Single fraction stereotactic radiosurgery is a specialized radiation therapy that delivers a single, high dose of radiation directly to the tumor and may cause less damage to normal tissue. Fractionated stereotactic radiosurgery delivers multiple, smaller doses of radiation therapy over time. This study may help doctors find out if fractionated stereotactic radiosurgery is better or worse than the usual approach with single fraction stereotactic radiosurgery.
Andrew Baschnagel, MD
All
18 Years and over
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04114981
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Inclusion Criteria:
PRE-REGISTRATION:
• Pathology from the resected brain metastasis must be consistent with a non-central nervous system primary site. Patients with or without active disease outside the nervous system are eligible (including patients with unknown primaries), as long as the pathology from the brain is consistent with a non-central nervous system primary site.
• Three or fewer (i.e. 0 to 3) unresected brain metastases (as defined on the post operative magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]) at the time of screening. o Note: Dural based metastases (e.g. commonly seen in breast cancer) are eligible.
• Unresected lesions must measure < 4.0 cm in maximal extent on the contrasted post-operative treatment MRI brain scan. The unresected lesions will be treated with SRS as outlined in the treatment section of the concept. o Note: The metastases size restriction does not apply to the resected brain metastasis.
• One brain metastasis must be completely (gross total resection) resected =< 30 days prior to pre-registration. o NOTE: May not have had resection of more than one brain metastasis.
• The resected brain metastasis must measure 2 cm or larger on the pre-operative MRI.
• Resection cavity must measure < 5.0 cm in maximal extent and the resection must be complete (gross total resection) on the post-operative MRI obtained =< 30 days prior to pre-registration.
• Karnofsky performance status of >= 60.
• For women of childbearing potential only, a negative urine or serum pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to pre-registration is required.
• Men and women of childbearing potential must be willing to employ adequate contraception throughout the study and for men for up to 3 months after completing treatment.
• A female of childbearing potential is a sexually mature female who: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months).
• Ability to complete an MRI of the head with contrast.
• The brain metastasis must be located > 5 mm of the optic chiasm; the brain metastasis must be located outside the brainstem (i.e. not inside the brainstem).
• Must not have any prior whole brain radiation therapy.
• Past radiosurgery to other lesions is allowed. o NOTE: The surgically resected lesion cannot be the same location treated in the past with radiosurgery (i.e. repeat radiosurgery to the same location/lesion is not allowed on this protocol).
• May not have primary germ cell tumor, small cell carcinoma, or lymphoma.
• No evidence of leptomeningeal metastasis (LMD). o NOTE: For the purposes of exclusion, LMD is a clinical diagnosis, defined as positive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology and/or equivocal radiologic or clinical evidence of leptomeningeal involvement. Patients with leptomeningeal symptoms in the setting of leptomeningeal enhancement by imaging (MRI) would be considered to have LMD even in the absence of positive CSF cytology, unless a parenchymal lesion can adequately explain the neurologic symptoms and/or signs. In contrast, an asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic patient with mild or nonspecific leptomeningeal enhancement (MRI) would not be considered to have LMD. In that patient, CSF sampling is not required to formally exclude LMD, but can be performed at the investigator's discretion based on level of clinical suspicion.
• Must be fluent in English, Spanish, or French. REGISTRATION: • Completion of all baseline electronic patient-reported outcome (ePRO) quality of life measures (or booklet quality of life measures) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA).
Brain and Nervous System, Brain/Central Nervous System, Metastatic Malignant Neoplasm in the Brain
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Inotuzumab Ozogamicin and Post-Induction Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With High-Risk B-ALL, Mixed Phenotype Acute Leukemia, and B-LLy

This phase III trial studies whether inotuzumab ozogamicin added to post-induction chemotherapy for patients with High-Risk B-cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (B-ALL) improves outcomes. This trial also studies the outcomes of patients with mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL), and B-lymphoblastic lymphoma (B-LLy) when treated with ALL therapy without inotuzumab ozogamicin. Inotuzumab ozogamicin is a monoclonal antibody, called inotuzumab, linked to a type of chemotherapy called calicheamicin. Inotuzumab attaches to cancer cells in a targeted way and delivers calicheamicin to kill them. Other drugs used in the chemotherapy regimen, such as cyclophosphamide, cytarabine, dexamethasone, doxorubicin, daunorubicin, methotrexate, leucovorin, mercaptopurine, prednisone, thioguanine, vincristine, and pegaspargase work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. This trial will also study the outcomes of patients with mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL) and disseminated B lymphoblastic lymphoma (B-LLy) when treated with high-risk ALL chemotherapy. The overall goal of this study is to understand if adding inotuzumab ozogamicin to standard of care chemotherapy maintains or improves outcomes in High Risk B-cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (HR B-ALL). The first part of the study includes the first two phases of therapy: Induction and Consolidation. This part will collect information on the leukemia, as well as the effects of the initial treatment, in order to classify patients into post-consolidation treatment groups. On the second part of this study, patients will receive the remainder of the chemotherapy cycles (interim maintenance I, delayed intensification, interim maintenance II, maintenance), with some patients randomized to receive inotuzumab. Other aims of this study include investigating whether treating both males and females with the same duration of chemotherapy maintains outcomes for males who have previously been treated for an additional year compared to girls, as well as to evaluate the best ways to help patients adhere to oral chemotherapy regimens. Finally, this study will be the first to track the outcomes of subjects with disseminated B-cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia (B LLy) or Mixed Phenotype Acute Leukemia (MPAL) when treated with B-ALL chemotherapy.
Kenneth Desantes, M.D.
All
1 Year to 24 Years old
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03959085
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Inclusion Criteria:

• B-ALL and MPAL patients must be enrolled on APEC14B1 and consented to eligibility studies (Part A) prior to treatment and enrollment on AALL1732. Note that central confirmation of MPAL diagnosis must occur within 7 business days after enrollment for MPAL patients. If not performed within this time frame, patients will be taken off protocol.
• APEC14B1 is not a requirement for B-LLy patients but for institutional compliance every patient should be offered participation in APEC14B1. B-LLy patients may directly enroll on AALL1732.
• White blood cell count (WBC) criteria for patients with B-ALL (within 7 days prior to the start of protocol-directed systemic therapy):
• Age 1-9.99 years: WBC >= 50,000/uL
• Age 10-24.99 years: Any WBC
• Age 1-9.99 years: WBC < 50,000/uL with:
• Testicular leukemia
• CNS leukemia (CNS3)
• Steroid pretreatment.
• White blood cell count (WBC) criteria for patients with MPAL (within 7 days prior to the start of protocol-directed systemic therapy):
• Age 1-24.99 years: any WBC.
• Patient has newly diagnosed B-ALL or MPAL (by World Health Organization [WHO] 2016 criteria) with > 25% blasts on a bone marrow (BM) aspirate;
• OR If a BM aspirate is not obtained or is not diagnostic of acute leukemia, the diagnosis can be established by a pathologic diagnosis of acute leukemia on a BM biopsy;
• OR A complete blood count (CBC) documenting the presence of at least 1,000/uL circulating leukemic cells if a bone marrow aspirate or biopsy cannot be performed.
• Patient has newly diagnosed B-LLy Murphy stages III or IV.
• Patient has newly diagnosed B-LLy Murphy stages I or II with steroid pretreatment.
• Note: For B-LLy patients with tissue available for flow cytometry, the criterion for diagnosis should be analogous to B-ALL. For tissue processed by other means (i.e., paraffin blocks), the methodology and criteria for immunophenotypic analysis to establish the diagnosis of B-LLy defined by the submitting institution will be accepted.
• All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent.
• All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and NCI requirements for human studies must be met.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients with Down syndrome are not eligible (patients with Down syndrome and B-ALL are eligible for AALL1731, regardless of NCI risk group).
• With the exception of steroid pretreatment or the administration of intrathecal cytarabine, patients must not have received any prior cytotoxic chemotherapy for the current diagnosis of B-ALL, MPAL, or B-LLy or for any cancer diagnosed prior to initiation of protocol therapy on AALL1732.
• Patients who have received > 72 hours of hydroxyurea within one week prior to start of systemic protocol therapy.
• Patients with B-ALL or MPAL who do not have sufficient diagnostic bone marrow submitted for APEC14B1 testing and who do not have a peripheral blood sample submitted containing > 1,000/uL circulating leukemia cells.
• Patients with acute undifferentiated leukemia (AUL) are not eligible.
• For Murphy stage III/IV B-LLy patients, or stage I/II patients with steroid pretreatment, the following additional exclusion criteria apply:
• T-lymphoblastic lymphoma.
• Morphologically unclassifiable lymphoma.
• Absence of both B-cell and T-cell phenotype markers in a case submitted as lymphoblastic lymphoma.
• Patients with known Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.
• Patients with known MYC translocation associated with mature (Burkitt) B-cell ALL, regardless of blast immunophenotype.
• Patients requiring radiation at diagnosis.
• Female patients who are pregnant, since fetal toxicities and teratogenic effects have been noted for several of the study drugs. A pregnancy test is required for female patients of childbearing potential.
• Lactating women who plan to breastfeed their infants while on study and for 2 months after the last dose of inotuzumab ozogamicin.
• Sexually active patients of reproductive potential who have not agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of study participation. For those patients randomized to inotuzumab ozogamicin, there is a minimum of 8 months after the last dose of inotuzumab ozogamicin for females and 5 months after the last dose of inotuzumab ozogamicin for males.
B Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, B Lymphoblastic Lymphoma, Central Nervous System Leukemia, Mixed Phenotype Acute Leukemia, Testicular Leukemia, Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Lymphoid Leukemia, Leukemia, other, Leukemia, Lymphoma
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Irinotecan Hydrochloride, Temozolomide, and Dinutuximab With or Without Eflornithine in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Neuroblastoma

This phase II trial studies how well irinotecan hydrochloride, temozolomide, and dinutuximab work with or without eflornithine in treating patients with neuroblastoma that has come back (relapsed) or that isn't responding to treatment (refractory). Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as irinotecan hydrochloride and temozolomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as dinutuximab, may induce changes in the body's immune system and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Eflornithine blocks the production of chemicals called polyamines that are important in the growth of cancer cells. Giving eflornithine with irinotecan hydrochloride, temozolomide, and dinutuximab, may work better in treating patients with relapsed or refractory neuroblastoma.
Kenneth Desantes, M.D.
All
1 Year and over
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03794349
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients must have had histologic verification of neuroblastoma or ganglioneuroblastoma or demonstration of neuroblastoma cells in the bone marrow with elevated urinary catecholamines (i.e. > 2 x upper limit of normal [ULN]), at the time of initial diagnosis.
• For the purposes of this study, aggressive multidrug chemotherapy is defined as chemotherapy including 2 or more agents that must include an alkylating agent and a platinum-containing compound as intended to treat high-risk disease. The doses of chemotherapy must be comparable to those used in frontline high-risk neuroblastoma therapies (examples include A3973, ANBL0532, ANBL09P1, ANBL12P1, and ANBL1531). Patients must have ONE of the following:
• First episode of recurrent high-risk disease following completion of aggressive multi-drug frontline high-risk therapy.
• First episode of progressive high-risk disease during aggressive multi-drug frontline therapy.
• Primary resistant/refractory disease (less than partial response by International Neuroblastoma Response Criteria [INRC]) detected at the conclusion of at least 4 cycles of aggressive multidrug induction chemotherapy on or according to a high-risk neuroblastoma protocol (examples include A3973, ANBL0532, ANBL09P1, ANBL12P1, ANBL1531, etc.).
• Patients must have at least ONE of the following at the time of enrollment:
• Measurable tumor on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scan. Measurable is defined as >= 10 mm in at least one dimension on spiral/helical CT that is metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) avid or demonstrates increased fludeoxyglucose F-18 (FDG) uptake on positron emission tomography (PET) scan.
• MIBG-avid lesion detected on MIBG scan with positive uptake at a minimum of one site. This site must represent disease recurrence after completion of therapy, progressive disease on therapy, or refractory disease during induction.
• Patients with resistant/refractory soft tissue disease that is not MIBG avid or does not demonstrate increased FDG uptake on PET scan must undergo biopsy to document the presence of viable neuroblastoma. Biopsy is not required for patients who have a new site of soft tissue disease (radiographic evidence of disease progression) regardless of whether progression occurs while receiving therapy or after completion of therapy.
• Patients with bone marrow disease only will be eligible if they have more than 5% disease involvement (documented neuroblastoma cells) in at least one sample from bilateral bone marrow biopsies.
• Note: Patients with elevated catecholamines (i.e. > 2 x ULN) only are NOT eligible for this study.
• Patients must have a performance status corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scores of 0, 1 or 2. Use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for patients =< 16 years of age.
• Primary refractory/resistant patients must have received at least 4 cycles of frontline high-risk chemotherapy. Frontline therapy may also have included surgery, chemotherapy, autologous stem cell transplantation (SCT) +/- MIBG, immunotherapy, radiotherapy, and retinoids but must NOT have received second line therapy for resistant/refractory, relapsed, or progressive disease. Patients who received intensified therapy for poor induction response or refractory disease (e.g. MIBG) will be considered to have received second line therapy and will not be eligible.
• At least 14 days must have elapsed since completion of myelosuppressive therapy.
• Anti-cancer agents not known to be myelosuppressive (e.g. not associated with reduced platelet or absolute neutrophil count [ANC] counts): >= 7 days after the last dose of agent.
• Antibodies: >= 21 days must have elapsed from infusion of last dose of antibody, and toxicity related to prior antibody therapy must be recovered to grade =< 1.
• No interim time prior to study entry is required following prior radiation therapy (RT) for non-target lesions. However, patients must not have received radiation for a minimum of 4 weeks prior to study entry at the site of any lesion that will be identified as a target lesion to measure tumor response. Lesions that have been previously radiated cannot be used as target lesions unless there is radiographic evidence of progression at the site following radiation or a biopsy done following radiation shows viable neuroblastoma. Palliative radiation while on study is not permitted.
• Patients are eligible >= 6 weeks after autologous stem cell transplants or stem cell infusions (including stem cell infusions given as supportive care following 131 I-MIBG therapy) as long as hematologic and other eligibility criteria have been met.
• Patients are eligible >= 6 weeks after therapeutic 131 I-MIBG provided that all other eligibility criteria are met.
• Subjects who have previously received anti-GD2 monoclonal antibodies with or without retinoids for biologic therapy are eligible unless they have had progressive disease while receiving prior anti-GD2 therapy or progressed/relapsed within 3 months of receiving anti-GD2 therapy. However, eligible patients may NOT have received anti-GD2 monoclonal antibodies in combination with chemotherapy.
• Subjects who have received autologous marrow infusions or autologous stem cell infusions that were purged using monoclonal antibody linked to beads are eligible.
• Subjects who have previously received DFMO are eligible for this study provided they have not had progressive disease while receiving DFMO or progressed/relapsed within 3 months of completing DFMO.
• Patients must not have received long-acting myeloid growth factors (e.g. pegfilgrastim) within 14 days of entry on this study. Seven days must have elapsed since administration of a short-acting myeloid growth factor.
• For patients with solid tumors (without marrow involvement) including status post SCT: peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 750/uL (within 7 days prior to enrollment).
• For patients with solid tumors (without marrow involvement) including status post SCT: platelet count >= 75,000/uL (transfusion independent) (within 7 days prior to enrollment).
• Patients known to have bone marrow involvement with neuroblastoma are eligible provided that minimum ANC and transfusion independent platelet count criteria are met (as above). However, these patients are not evaluable for hematological toxicity.
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope GFR >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows:
• 1 to < 2 years (male 0.6 mg/dL, female 0.6 mg/dL)
• 2 to < 6 years (male 0.8 mg/dL, female 0.8 mg/dL)
• 6 to < 10 years (male 1 mg/dL, female 1 mg/dL)
• 10 to < 13 years (male 1.2 mg/dL, female 1.2 mg/dL)
• 13 to < 16 years (male 1.5 mg/dL, female 1.4 mg/dL)
• >= 16 years (male 1.7 mg/dL, female 1.4 mg/dL) (within 7 days prior to enrollment).
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN for age (within 7 days prior to enrollment).
• Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 5.0 x ULN for age (=< 225 U/L). For the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L (within 7 days prior to enrollment).
• Shortening fraction of >= 27% by echocardiography (ECHO) (within 7 days prior to enrollment).
• Ejection fraction of >= 50% by ECHO or gated radionuclide study (within 7 days prior to enrollment).
• No evidence of dyspnea at rest, no exercise intolerance, no chronic oxygen requirement, and room air pulse oximetry > 94% if there is a clinical indication for pulse oximetry. Normal pulmonary function tests in patients who are capable of cooperating with testing (including diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide [DLCO)] are required if there is a clinical indication for determination. For patients who do not have respiratory symptoms, full pulmonary function tests (PFTs) are NOT required.
• Patients with a history of central nervous system (CNS) disease must have no clinical or radiological evidence of active CNS disease at the time of study enrollment.
• Patients with seizure disorders may be enrolled if seizures are well controlled on anti-convulsants.
• CNS toxicity =< grade 2.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Men and women of childbearing potential and their partners must agree to use adequate contraception while enrolled on this study. Based on the established teratogenic potential of alkylating agents, pregnant women will be excluded from this study. Because of potential risks to breastfed infants due to drug metabolites that could be excreted in breast milk, female patients who are lactating must agree to stop breastfeeding or will otherwise be excluded from this study. Females of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test to be eligible for this study.
• Patients with only elevated catecholamines (i.e. > 2 x ULN) are NOT eligible for this study.
• Patients must have been off pharmacologic doses of systemic steroids for at least 7 days prior to enrollment. Patients who require or are likely to require pharmacologic doses of systemic corticosteroids while receiving treatment on this study are ineligible. The only exception is for patients known to require 2 mg/kg or less of hydrocortisone (or an equivalent dose of an alternative corticosteroid) as premedication for blood product administration in order to avoid allergic transfusion reactions. The use of conventional doses of inhaled steroids for the treatment of asthma is permitted, as is the use of physiologic doses of steroids for patients with known adrenal insufficiency. Patients on any other immunosuppressive medications (e.g. cyclosporine, tacrolimus) are not eligible.
• Patients must not have received prior treatment with irinotecan and temozolomide.
• Patients must not have received enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants including phenytoin, phenobarbital, or carbamazepine for at least 7 days prior to study enrollment. Patients receiving non-enzyme inducing anticonvulsants such as gabapentin, valproic acid, or levetiracetam will be eligible.
• Patients who have received drugs that are strong inducers or inhibitors of CYP3A4 within 7 days prior to study enrollment are not eligible.
• Patients must not have been diagnosed with myelodysplastic syndrome or with any malignancy other than neuroblastoma.
• Patients with symptoms of congestive heart failure are not eligible.
• Patients must not have >= grade 2 diarrhea.
• Patients who are unable to tolerate oral/nasogastric/gastrostomy medications will not be eligible for this trial. Additionally, patients with significant malabsorption will not be eligible for this trial.
• Patients must not have uncontrolled infection.
• Patients with a history of grade 4 allergic reactions to anti-GD2 antibodies or reactions that required permanent discontinuation of the anti-GD2 therapy are not eligible.
• Patients with a significant intercurrent illness (any ongoing serious medical problem unrelated to cancer or its treatment) that is not covered by the detailed exclusion criteria and that is expected to interfere with the action of study agents or to significantly increase the severity of the toxicities experienced from study treatment are not eligible.
High Risk Neuroblastoma, Recurrent Neuroblastoma, Refractory Neuroblastoma, Lip, Oral Cavity and Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestine, Colon, Rectum, Anus, Liver, Pancreas, Other Digestive Organ, Larynx, Lung, Other Respiratory and Intrathoracic Organs, Bones and Joints, Soft Tissue, Other Skin, Breast, Cervix, Corpus Uteri, Ovary, Other Female Genital, Prostate, Other Male Genital, Urinary Bladder, Kidney, Other Urinary, Eye and Orbit, Brain and Nervous System, Thyroid, Other Endocrine System, Other Hematopoietic, Unknown Sites, Ill-Defined Sites, Anal, Bladder, Brain/Central Nervous System, Colon and Rectum, Endocrine cancers, Gastrointestinal cancers, other, Genitourinary cancers, other, Head and Neck, Hematologic cancers, other, Melanoma/Skin cancer, Sarcoma, Uterus
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Study of RP1 Monotherapy and RP1 in Combination With Nivolumab (IGNYTE)

RPL-001-16 is a Phase 1/2, open label, dose escalation and expansion clinical study of RP1 alone and in combination with nivolumab in adult subjects with advanced and/or refractory solid tumors, to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D), as well as to evaluate preliminary efficacy.
Hamid Emamekhoo, M.D.
All
18 Years and over
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03767348
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0-1.
• At least one measurable and injectable lesion
• Have provided a former tumor pathology specimen or be willing to supply a new tumor sample from a biopsy
• Have a predicted life expectancy of ≥ 3 months
• Measurable disease, according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v1.1 criteria
• Subjects with MSI-H or dMMR tumors: has diagnosis of MSI-H or metatstatic dMMR tumor (according to protocol definition) for whom anti PD-1 therapy is indicated, or have refused, become intolerant to or have no further therapy options available
• Subjects with NMSC: has diagnosis of locally advanced or metastatic NMSC that are not considered treatable by surgery including basal cell carcinoma, cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma, basosquamous carcinoma, Merkel cell carcinoma and other non-melanoma skin cancers (per protocol) for whom anti-PD1/PD-L1 therapy is indicated, or have refused, become intolerant to or have no further therapy options available
• Subjects with anti-PD1 failed cutaneous melanoma: has confirmed progressive disease while on anti-PD1 treatment for at least 8 weeks and documented BRAF mutation status
• Subjects with anti-PD1 failed NSCLC: has confirmed progressive disease after no more than two prior systemic treatments including anti-PD1/PD-L1 treatment
Exclusion Criteria:

• Prior treatment with an oncolytic therapy
• History of viral infections according to the protocol
• Prior complications with herpes infections
• Chronic use of anti-virals
• Uncontrolled/untreated brain metastasis
• History of interstitial lung disease
• History of non-infectious pneumonitis
• History of clinically significant cardiovascular disease
Cancer, Melanoma (Skin), Mismatch Repair Deficiency, Microsatellite Instability, Non-melanoma Skin Cancer, Cutaneous Melanoma, NSCLC, Lip, Oral Cavity and Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestine, Colon, Rectum, Anus, Liver, Pancreas, Other Digestive Organ, Larynx, Lung, Other Respiratory and Intrathoracic Organs, Bones and Joints, Soft Tissue, Melanoma, Skin, Kaposi's Sarcoma, Other Skin, Breast, Cervix, Corpus Uteri, Ovary, Other Female Genital, Prostate, Other Male Genital, Urinary Bladder, Kidney, Other Urinary, Eye and Orbit, Brain and Nervous System, Thyroid, Other Endocrine System, Unknown Sites, Ill-Defined Sites, Anal, Bladder, Brain/Central Nervous System, Colon and Rectum, Endocrine cancers, Gastrointestinal cancers, other, Genitourinary cancers, other, Head and Neck, Melanoma/Skin cancer, Sarcoma, Uterus
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Larotrectinib in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Advanced Solid Tumors, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, or Histiocytic Disorders With NTRK Fusions (A Pediatric MATCH Treatment Trial)

This phase II Pediatric MATCH trial studies how well larotrectinib works in treating patients with solid tumors, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, or histiocytic disorders with NTRK fusions that have spread to other places in the body and have come back or do not respond to treatment. Larotrectinib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.
Kenneth Desantes, M.D.
All
12 Months to 21 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03213704
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Inclusion Criteria:

• APEC1621SC: Patient must have enrolled onto APEC1621SC and must have been given a treatment assignment to Molecular Analysis for Therapy Choice (MATCH) to APEC1621A based on the presence of an actionable mutation as defined in APEC1621SC
• Patients must have radiographically measurable disease at the time of study enrollment; patients with neuroblastoma who do not have measurable disease but have iobenguane (MIBG)+ evaluable disease are eligible; measurable disease in patients with CNS involvement is defined as any lesion that is at minimum 10 mm in one dimension on standard magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT); Note: The following do not qualify as measurable disease:
• Malignant fluid collections (e.g., ascites, pleural effusions)
• Bone marrow infiltration except that detected by MIBG scan for neuroblastoma
• Lesions only detected by nuclear medicine studies (e.g., bone, gallium or positron emission tomography [PET] scans) except as noted for neuroblastoma
• Elevated tumor markers in plasma or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
• Previously radiated lesions that have not demonstrated clear progression post radiation
• Leptomeningeal lesions that do not meet the measurement requirements for Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1
• Karnofsky >= 50% for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky >= 50 for patients =< 16 years of age; Note: neurologic deficits in patients with CNS tumors must have been relatively stable for at least 7 days prior to study enrollment; patients who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score
• Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior anti-cancer therapy and must meet the following minimum duration from prior anti-cancer directed therapy prior to enrollment; if after the required time frame, the numerical eligibility criteria are met, e.g. blood count criteria, the patient is considered to have recovered adequately
• Cytotoxic chemotherapy or other anti-cancer agents known to be myelosuppressive; for agents not listed, the duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair and the study-assigned research coordinator prior to enrollment
• >= 21 days after the last dose of cytotoxic or myelosuppressive chemotherapy (42 days if prior nitrosourea)
• Anti-cancer agents not known to be myelosuppressive (e.g. not associated with reduced platelet or absolute neutrophil [ANC] counts): >= 7 days after the last dose of agent; for agents not listed, the duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair and the study-assigned research coordinator prior to enrollment
• Antibodies: >= 21 days must have elapsed from infusion of last dose of antibody, and toxicity related to prior antibody therapy must be recovered to grade =< 1
• Corticosteroids: if used to modify immune adverse events related to prior therapy, >= 14 days must have elapsed since last dose of corticosteroid
• Hematopoietic growth factors: >= 14 days after the last dose of a long-acting growth factor (e.g. pegfilgrastim) or 7 days for short-acting growth factor; for growth factors that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur; the duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair and the study-assigned research coordinator
• Interleukins, interferons and cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth factors): >= 21 days after the completion of interleukins, interferon or cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth factors)
• Stem cell Infusions (with or without total body irradiation [TBI]):
• Allogeneic (non-autologous) bone marrow or stem cell transplant, or any stem cell infusion including donor leukocyte infusion (DLI) or boost infusion: >= 84 days after infusion and no evidence of graft versus host disease (GVHD)
• Autologous stem cell infusion including boost infusion: >= 42 days
• Cellular therapy: >= 42 days after the completion of any type of cellular therapy (e.g. modified T cells, NK cells, dendritic cells, etc.)
• Radiation therapy (XRT)/external beam irradiation including protons: >= 14 days after local XRT; >= 150 days after TBI, craniospinal XRT or if radiation to >= 50% of the pelvis; >= 42 days if other substantial brain metastases (BM) radiation; Note: radiation may not be delivered to "measurable disease" tumor site(s) being used to follow response to subprotocol treatment
• Radiopharmaceutical therapy (e.g., radiolabeled antibody, 131I-MIBG): >= 42 days after systemically administered radiopharmaceutical therapy
• Patients must not have received prior exposure to other NTRK inhibitors including but not limited to LOXO-101 (larotrectinib), entrectinib (RXDX-101), DS6051, PLX7486
• For patients with solid tumors without known bone marrow involvement:
• Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/mm^3
• Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 (transfusion independent, defined as not receiving platelet transfusions for at least 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Patients with known bone marrow metastatic disease will be eligible for study provided they meet the blood counts (may receive transfusions provided they are not known to be refractory to red cell or platelet transfusions); these patients will not be evaluable for hematologic toxicity
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 ml/min/1.73 m^2 or
• A serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows:
• Age: 1 to < 2 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL); male: 0.6 female: 0.6
• Age: 2 to < 6 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL); male: 0.8 female: 0.8
• Age: 6 to < 10 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL); male: 1 female: 1
• Age: 10 to < 13 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL); male: 1.2 female: 1.2
• Age: 13 to < 16 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL); male: 1.5 female: 1.4
• Age: >= 16 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL); male: 1.7 female: 1.4
• Bilirubin (sum of conjugated + unconjugated) =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
• Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 135 U/L; (for the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L)
• Serum albumin >= 2 g/dL
• Patients with seizure disorder may be enrolled if on anti-convulsants and well controlled
• Nervous system disorders (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] version [v] 5.0) resulting from prior therapy must be =< grade 2, with the exception of decreased tendon reflect (DTR); any grade of DTR is eligible
• All patients and/or their parents or legally authorized representatives must sign a written informed consent; assent, when appropriate, will be obtained according to institutional guidelines
Exclusion Criteria:

• Pregnant or breast-feeding women will not be entered on this study due to risks of fetal and teratogenic adverse events as seen in animal/human studies; pregnancy tests must be obtained in girls who are post-menarchal; males or females of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of study treatment
• Patients receiving corticosteroids who have not been on a stable or decreasing dose of corticosteroid for at least 7 days prior to enrollment are not eligible; if used to modify immune adverse events related to prior therapy, >= 14 days must have elapsed since last dose of corticosteroid
• Patients who are currently receiving another investigational drug are not eligible
• Patients who are currently receiving other anti-cancer agents are not eligible
• Patients who are receiving cyclosporine, tacrolimus or other agents to prevent graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) post bone marrow transplant are not eligible for this trial
• Patients who are currently receiving drugs that are strong inducers or inhibitors of CYP3A4 are not eligible; strong inducers or inhibitors of CYP3A4 should be avoided from 14 days prior to enrollment to the end of the study; Note: CYP3A4 inducing anti-epileptic drugs and dexamethasone for CNS tumors or metastases, on a stable dose, are allowed
• Patients who have received prior therapy with a specific inhibitor of TRK (including but not limited to entrectinib [RXDX-101], DS-6051b, and PLX7486) are not eligible
• Patients who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible
• Patients who have received a prior solid organ transplantation are not eligible
• Patients who in the opinion of the investigator may not be able to comply with the safety monitoring requirements of the study are not eligible
Advanced Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Recurrent Ependymoma, Recurrent Ewing Sarcoma/Peripheral Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor, Recurrent Glioma, Recurrent Hepatoblastoma, Recurrent Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis, Recurrent Malignant Germ Cell Tumor, Recurrent Malignant Glioma, Recurrent Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Recurrent Medulloblastoma, Recurrent Neuroblastoma, Recurrent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Recurrent Osteosarcoma, Recurrent Rhabdoid Tumor, Recurrent Rhabdomyosarcoma, Recurrent Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Refractory Ependymoma, Refractory Ewing Sarcoma/Peripheral Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor, Refractory Glioma, Refractory Hepatoblastoma, Refractory Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis, Refractory Malignant Germ Cell Tumor, Refractory Malignant Glioma, Refractory Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Refractory Neuroblastoma, Refractory Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Refractory Osteosarcoma, Refractory Primary Central Nervous System Neoplasm, Refractory Rhabdoid Tumor, Refractory Rhabdomyosarcoma, Wilms Tumor, Lip, Oral Cavity and Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestine, Colon, Rectum, Anus, Liver, Pancreas, Other Digestive Organ, Larynx, Lung, Other Respiratory and Intrathoracic Organs, Bones and Joints, Soft Tissue, Melanoma, Skin, Other Skin, Breast, Cervix, Corpus Uteri, Ovary, Other Female Genital, Prostate, Other Male Genital, Urinary Bladder, Kidney, Other Urinary, Eye and Orbit, Brain and Nervous System, Thyroid, Other Endocrine System, Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Multiple Myeloma, Unknown Sites, Ill-Defined Sites, Anal, Bladder, Brain/Central Nervous System, Colon and Rectum, Endocrine cancers, Gastrointestinal cancers, other, Genitourinary cancers, other, Head and Neck, Lymphoma, Melanoma/Skin cancer, Sarcoma, Uterus
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Samotolisib in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Advanced Solid Tumors, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, or Histiocytic Disorders With TSC or PI3K/MTOR Mutations (A Pediatric MATCH Treatment Trial)

This phase II Pediatric MATCH trial studies how well samotolisib works in treating patients with solid tumors, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, or histiocytic disorders with TSC or PI3K/MTOR mutations that have spread to other places in the body (metastatic) and have come back (recurrent) or do not respond to treatment (refractory). Samotolisib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.
Kenneth Desantes, M.D.
All
12 Months to 21 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03213678
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patient must have enrolled onto APEC1621SC and must have been given a treatment assignment to Molecular Analysis for Therapy Choice (MATCH) to APEC1621D based on the presence of an actionable mutation as defined in APEC1621SC; note that treatment assignment may be to primary cohort A for patients with TSC1 or TSC2 loss of function mutations or primary cohort B for patients with other PI3K/MTOR pathway mutations
• Patients accruing to dose level 1 must have a body surface area >= 0.52 m^2 at the time of study enrollment; patients accruing to dose level 2 must have a body surface area >= 0.37 m^2 at the time of study enrollment; patients accruing to dose level -1 must have a body surface area >= 0.75 m^2 at the time of study enrollment
• Patients must have radiographically measurable disease at the time of study enrollment; patients with neuroblastoma who do not have measurable disease but have metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) positive (+) evaluable disease are eligible; measurable disease in patients with CNS involvement is defined as any lesion that is at minimum 10 mm in one dimension on standard magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT)
• Note: The following do not qualify as measurable disease:
• Malignant fluid collections (e.g., ascites, pleural effusions)
• Bone marrow infiltration except that detected by MIBG scan for neuroblastoma
• Lesions only detected by nuclear medicine studies (e.g., bone, gallium or positron emission tomography [PET] scans) except as noted for neuroblastoma
• Elevated tumor markers in plasma or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
• Previously radiated lesions that have not demonstrated clear progression post radiation
• Leptomeningeal lesions that do not meet the measurement requirements for Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1
• Bone lesions without an associated soft tissue mass >= 10 mm in greatest diameter; bone lesions with an associated soft tissue mass >= 10 mm in greatest diameter imaged by CT or MRI are considered measurable
• Karnofsky >= 50% for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky >= 50 for patients =< 16 years of age; Note: neurologic deficits in patients with CNS tumors must have been stable for at least 7 days prior to study enrollment; patients who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score
• Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior anti-cancer therapy and must meet the following minimum duration from prior anti-cancer directed therapy prior to enrollment; if after the required timeframe, the numerical eligibility criteria are met, e.g. blood count criteria, the patient is considered to have recovered adequately
• Cytotoxic chemotherapy or other anti-cancer agents known to be myelosuppressive; >= 21 days after the last dose of cytotoxic or myelosuppressive chemotherapy (42 days if prior nitrosourea)
• Anti-cancer agents not known to be myelosuppressive (e.g. not associated with reduced platelet or absolute neutrophil count [ANC] counts): >= 7 days after the last dose of agent
• Antibodies: >= 21 days must have elapsed from infusion of last dose of antibody, and toxicity related to prior antibody therapy must be recovered to grade =< 1
• Corticosteroids: if used to modify immune adverse events related to prior therapy, >= 14 days must have elapsed since last dose of corticosteroid
• Hematopoietic growth factors: >= 14 days after the last dose of a long-acting growth factor (e.g. pegfilgrastim) or 7 days for short-acting growth factor; for growth factors that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur; the duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair and the study-assigned research coordinator
• Interleukins, interferons and cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth factors): >= 21 days after the completion of interleukins, interferon or cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth factors)
• Stem cell Infusions (with or without total body irradiation [TBI]):
• Allogeneic (non-autologous) bone marrow or stem cell transplant, or any stem cell infusion including donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) or boost infusion: >= 84 days after infusion and no evidence of graft versus host disease (GVHD)
• Autologous stem cell infusion including boost infusion: >= 42 days
• Cellular therapy: >= 42 days after the completion of any type of cellular therapy (e.g. modified T cells, natural killer [NK] cells, dendritic cells, etc.)
• Radiation therapy (XRT)/external beam irradiation including protons: >= 14 days after local XRT; >= 150 days after TBI, craniospinal XRT or if radiation to >= 50% of the pelvis; >= 42 days if other substantial bone marrow (BM) radiation
• Note: radiation may not be delivered to "measurable disease" tumor site(s) being used to follow response to subprotocol treatment
• Radiopharmaceutical therapy (e.g., radiolabeled antibody, iobenguane I-131 [131I-MIBG]): >= 42 days after systemically administered radiopharmaceutical therapy
• Patients must not have received prior exposure to LY3023414
• Patients must not have received prior exposure to an agent specifically directed at the PI3K/MTOR pathway (a PI3K inhibitor, an AKT inhibitor, an MTOR inhibitor, including rapalogs, or a combined PI3K/MTOR inhibitor)
• For patients with solid tumors without known bone marrow involvement:
• Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/mm^3
• Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 (transfusion independent, defined as not receiving platelet transfusions for at least 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Patients with known bone marrow metastatic disease will be eligible for study provided they meet the blood counts (may receive transfusions provided they are not known to be refractory to red cell or platelet transfusions); these patients will not be evaluable for hematologic toxicity
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 ml/min/1.73 m^2 or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows:
• Age: 1 to < 2 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 0.6; female 0.6
• Age: 2 to < 6 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 0.8; female 0.8
• Age: 6 to < 10 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 1; female 1
• Age: 10 to < 13 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 1.2; female 1.2
• Age: 13 to < 16 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 1.5; female 1.4
• Age: >= 16 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 1.7; female 1.4
• Bilirubin (sum of conjugated + unconjugated) =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
• Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 135 U/L; (for the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L)
• Serum albumin >= 2 g/dL
• Patients must have a normal blood sugar level for age; if an initial random draw (i.e. non-fasting) blood glucose value is out of range, it is acceptable to repeat this test as a fasting draw
• Patients must have a serum triglyceride level =< 300 mg/dL and serum cholesterol level =< 300 mg/dL; if an initial random draw (i.e. non-fasting) is out of range, it is acceptable to repeat this test as a fasting draw
• Patients with seizure disorder may be enrolled if on anticonvulsants and well controlled
• Nervous system disorders (by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 5.0 [CTCAE V 5.0]) resulting from prior therapy must be =< grade 2, with the exception of decreased tendon reflex (DTR); any grade of DTR is eligible
• Corrected QT (QTc) interval =< 480 milliseconds
• Patients must be able to swallow intact tablets
• All patients and/or their parents or legally authorized representatives must sign a written informed consent; assent, when appropriate, will be obtained according to institutional guidelines
Exclusion Criteria:

• Pregnant or breast-feeding women will not be entered on this study; pregnancy tests must be obtained in girls who are post-menarchal; males or females of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method while receiving study treatment and for 3 months after the last dose of LY3023414
• Concomitant medications
• Corticosteroids: patients receiving corticosteroids who have not been on a stable or decreasing dose of corticosteroid for at least 7 days prior to enrollment are not eligible; if used to modify immune adverse events related to prior therapy, >= 14 days must have elapsed since last dose of corticosteroid
• Investigational drugs: patients who are currently receiving another investigational drug are not eligible
• Anti-cancer agents: patients who are currently receiving other anti-cancer agents are not eligible
• Anti-GVHD agents post-transplant: patients who are receiving cyclosporine, tacrolimus or other agents to prevent graft-versus-host disease post bone marrow transplant are not eligible for this trial
• Patients who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible
• Patients who have insulin dependent diabetes are not eligible
• Patients who have received a prior solid organ transplantation are not eligible
• Patients with subependymal giant cell astrocytomas (SEGAs) are not eligible
• Patients who in the opinion of the investigator may not be able to comply with the safety monitoring requirements of the study are not eligible
Advanced Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Ann Arbor Stage III Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Ann Arbor Stage IV Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Malignant Glioma, Recurrent Ependymoma, Recurrent Ewing Sarcoma, Recurrent Glioma, Recurrent Hepatoblastoma, Recurrent Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis, Recurrent Malignant Germ Cell Tumor, Recurrent Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Recurrent Medulloblastoma, Recurrent Neuroblastoma, Recurrent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Recurrent Osteosarcoma, Recurrent Peripheral Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor, Recurrent Primary Central Nervous System Neoplasm, Recurrent Rhabdomyosarcoma, Recurrent Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Refractory Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis, Refractory Malignant Germ Cell Tumor, Refractory Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Refractory Neuroblastoma, Refractory Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Refractory Primary Central Nervous System Neoplasm, Rhabdoid Tumor, Stage III Osteosarcoma AJCC v7, Stage III Soft Tissue Sarcoma AJCC v7, Stage IV Osteosarcoma AJCC v7, Stage IV Soft Tissue Sarcoma AJCC v7, Stage IVA Osteosarcoma AJCC v7, Stage IVB Osteosarcoma AJCC v7, Wilms Tumor, Lip, Oral Cavity and Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestine, Colon, Rectum, Anus, Liver, Pancreas, Other Digestive Organ, Larynx, Lung, Other Respiratory and Intrathoracic Organs, Bones and Joints, Soft Tissue, Melanoma, Skin, Other Skin, Breast, Cervix, Corpus Uteri, Ovary, Other Female Genital, Prostate, Other Male Genital, Urinary Bladder, Kidney, Other Urinary, Eye and Orbit, Brain and Nervous System, Thyroid, Other Endocrine System, Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Multiple Myeloma, Lymphoid Leukemia, Myeloid and Monocytic Leukemia, Leukemia, other, Other Hematopoietic, Unknown Sites, Ill-Defined Sites, Anal, Bladder, Brain/Central Nervous System, Colon and Rectum, Endocrine cancers, Gastrointestinal cancers, other, Genitourinary cancers, other, Head and Neck, Hematologic cancers, other, Leukemia, Lymphoma, Melanoma/Skin cancer, Sarcoma, Uterus
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Ensartinib in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Advanced Solid Tumors, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, or Histiocytic Disorders With ALK or ROS1 Genomic Alterations (A Pediatric MATCH Treatment Trial)

This phase II Pediatric MATCH trial studies how well ensartinib works in treating patients with solid tumors, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, or histiocytic disorders with ALK or ROS1 genomic alterations that have come back (recurrent) or do not respond to treatment (refractory) and have spread to other places in the body (advanced). Ensartinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.
Kenneth Desantes, M.D.
All
12 Months to 21 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03213652
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patient must have enrolled onto APEC1621SC and must have been given a treatment assignment to Molecular Analysis for Therapy Choice (MATCH) to APEC1621F based on the presence of an actionable mutation
• Patients must have a body surface area >= 0.5 m^2 at enrollment
• Patients must have radiographically measurable disease at the time of study enrollment. Patients with neuroblastoma who do not have measurable disease but have iobenguane (MIBG) positive (+) evaluable disease are eligible; measurable disease in patients with CNS involvement is defined as any lesion that is at minimum 10 mm in one dimension on a standard magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT)
• Note: The following do not qualify as measurable disease:
• Malignant fluid collections (e.g., ascites, pleural effusions)
• Bone marrow infiltration except that detected by MIBG scan for neuroblastoma
• Lesions only detected by nuclear medicine studies (e.g., bone, gallium or positron emission tomography [PET] scans) except as noted for neuroblastoma
• Elevated tumor markers in plasma or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
• Previously radiated lesions that have not demonstrated clear progression post radiation
• Leptomeningeal lesions that do not meet the measurement requirements for Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1
• Karnofsky >= 50% for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky >= 50 for patients =< 16 years of age
• Note: Neurologic deficits in patients with CNS tumors must have been relatively stable for at least 7 days prior to study enrollment; patients who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score
• Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior anti-cancer therapy and must meet the following minimum duration from prior anti-cancer directed therapy prior to enrollment; if after the required timeframe, the numerical eligibility criteria are met, e.g. blood count criteria, the patient is considered to have recovered adequately
• Cytotoxic chemotherapy or other anti-cancer agents known to be myelosuppressive: >= 21 days after the last dose of cytotoxic or myelosuppressive chemotherapy (42 days if prior nitrosourea)
• Anti-cancer agents not known to be myelosuppressive (e.g. not associated with reduced platelet or absolute neutrophil counts [ANC] counts): >= 7 days after the last dose of agent
• Antibodies: >= 21 days must have elapsed from infusion of last dose of antibody, and toxicity related to prior antibody therapy must be recovered to grade =< 1
• Corticosteroids: if used to modify immune adverse events related to prior therapy, >= 14 days must have elapsed since last dose of corticosteroid
• Hematopoietic growth factors: >= 14 days after the last dose of a long-acting growth factor (e.g. pegfilgrastim) or 7 days for short-acting growth factor; for growth factors that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur; the duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair and the study-assigned research coordinator
• Interleukins, interferons and cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth factors): >= 21 days after the completion of interleukins, interferon or cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth factors)
• Stem cell Infusions (with or without total body irradiation [TBI]):
• Allogeneic (non-autologous) bone marrow or stem cell transplant, or any stem cell infusion including donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) or boost infusion: >= 84 days after infusion and no evidence of graft versus host disease (GVHD)
• Autologous stem cell infusion including boost infusion: >= 42 days
• Cellular therapy: >= 42 days after the completion of any type of cellular therapy (e.g. modified T cells, natural killer [NK] cells, dendritic cells, etc.)
• Radiation therapy (XRT)/external beam irradiation including protons: >= 14 days after local XRT; >= 150 days after TBI, craniospinal XRT or if radiation to >= 50% of the pelvis; >= 42 days if other substantial none marrow (BM) radiation
• Note: Radiation may not be delivered to "measurable disease" tumor site(s) being used to follow response to subprotocol treatment
• Radiopharmaceutical therapy (e.g., radiolabeled antibody, 131I-MIBG): >= 42 days after systemically administered radiopharmaceutical therapy
• Patients must not have received prior exposure to ensartinib; prior treatment with other ALK inhibitors is permitted given that at least 5 half-lives or 21 days have elapsed since therapy discontinuation, whichever is greater
• For patients with solid tumors without known bone marrow involvement:
• Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/mm^3
• Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 (transfusion independent, defined as not receiving platelet transfusions for at least 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Patients with known bone marrow metastatic disease will be eligible for study provided they meet the blood counts (may receive transfusions provided they are not known to be refractory to red cell or platelet transfusions); these patients will not be evaluable for hematologic toxicity
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 ml/min/1.73 m^2 (within 7 days prior to enrollment) or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows (within 7 days prior to enrollment):
• Age 1 to < 2 years: maximum serum creatinine 0.6 mg/dL for male and 0.6 mg/dL for female
• Age 2 to < 6 years: maximum serum creatinine 0.8 mg/dL for male and 0.8 mg/dL for female
• Age 6 to < 10 years: maximum serum creatinine 1 mg/dL for male and 1 mg/dL for female
• Age 10 to < 13 years: maximum serum creatinine 1.2 mg/dL for male and 1.2 mg/dL for female
• Age 13 to < 16 years: maximum serum creatinine 1.5 mg/dL for male and 1.4 mg/dL for female
• Age >= 16 years: maximum serum creatinine 1.7 mg/dL for male and 1.4 mg/dL for female
• Bilirubin (sum of conjugated + unconjugated) =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age (within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 135 U/L (within 7 days prior to enrollment) (for the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L)
• Serum albumin >= 2 g/dL (within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Patients must be able to swallow intact capsules
• All patients and/or their parents or legally authorized representatives must sign a written informed consent; assent, when appropriate, will be obtained according to institutional guidelines
Exclusion Criteria:

• Pregnant or breast-feeding women will not be entered on this study because there is currently no available information regarding human fetal or teratogenic toxicities; pregnancy tests must be obtained in girls who are post-menarchal; males or females of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of study treatment and for one week after the last dose of ensartinib
• Concomitant medications
• Corticosteroids: patients receiving corticosteroids who have not been on a stable or decreasing dose of corticosteroid for at least 7 days prior to enrollment are not eligible; if used to modify immune adverse events related to prior therapy, >= 14 days must have elapsed since last dose of corticosteroid
• Investigational drugs: patients who are currently receiving another investigational drug are not eligible
• Anti-cancer agents: patients who are currently receiving other anti-cancer agents are not eligible
• Anti-GVHD agents post-transplant: patients who are receiving cyclosporine, tacrolimus or other agents to prevent graft-versus-host disease post bone marrow transplant are not eligible for this trial
• CYP3A4 agents: patients who are currently receiving drugs that are strong inducers or strong inhibitors of CYP3A4 are not eligible; strong inducers or inhibitors of CYP3A4 should be avoided from 14 days prior to enrollment to the end of the study
• Note: CYP3A4 inducing anti-epileptic drugs and dexamethasone for CNS tumors or metastases, on a stable dose, are allowed
• Patients who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible
• Patients who have received a prior solid organ transplantation are not eligible
• Patients who in the opinion of the investigator may not be able to comply with the safety monitoring requirements of the study are not eligible
Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Recurrent Ependymoma, Recurrent Ewing Sarcoma/Peripheral Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor, Recurrent Hepatoblastoma, Recurrent Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis, Recurrent Malignant Germ Cell Tumor, Recurrent Malignant Glioma, Recurrent Medulloblastoma, Recurrent Neuroblastoma, Recurrent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Recurrent Osteosarcoma, Recurrent Rhabdomyosarcoma, Recurrent Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Recurrent WHO Grade 2 Glioma, Refractory Ependymoma, Refractory Ewing Sarcoma/Peripheral Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor, Refractory Hepatoblastoma, Refractory Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis, Refractory Malignant Germ Cell Tumor, Refractory Malignant Glioma, Refractory Medulloblastoma, Refractory Neuroblastoma, Refractory Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Refractory Osteosarcoma, Refractory Rhabdomyosarcoma, Refractory Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Wilms Tumor, Lip, Oral Cavity and Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestine, Colon, Rectum, Anus, Liver, Pancreas, Other Digestive Organ, Larynx, Lung, Other Respiratory and Intrathoracic Organs, Bones and Joints, Soft Tissue, Melanoma, Skin, Kaposi's Sarcoma, Mycosis Fungoides, Other Skin, Breast, Cervix, Corpus Uteri, Ovary, Other Female Genital, Prostate, Other Male Genital, Urinary Bladder, Kidney, Other Urinary, Eye and Orbit, Brain and Nervous System, Thyroid, Other Endocrine System, Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Multiple Myeloma, Lymphoid Leukemia, Myeloid and Monocytic Leukemia, Leukemia, other, Other Hematopoietic, Unknown Sites, Ill-Defined Sites, Any Site, Anal, Bladder, Brain/Central Nervous System, Colon and Rectum, Endocrine cancers, Gastrointestinal cancers, other, Genitourinary cancers, other, Head and Neck, Hematologic cancers, other, Leukemia, Lymphoma, Melanoma/Skin cancer, Sarcoma, Uterus
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Olaparib in Treating Patients With Advanced Glioma, Cholangiocarcinoma, or Solid Tumors With IDH1 or IDH2 Mutations

This phase II trial studies how well olaparib works in treating patients with glioma, cholangiocarcinoma, or solid tumors with IDH1 or IDH2 mutations that have spread to other places in the body (metastatic) and usually cannot be cured or controlled with treatment (refractory). Olaparib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.
Nataliya Uboha, MD
All
18 Years and over
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03212274
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Subjects must be able to understand the nature of this trial and provide written informed consent, prior to any study specific procedures; patients with Impaired Decision Making Capacity (IDMC) who have a close caregiver or legally authorized representative (LAR) may be considered eligible for this study at the treating physician's discretion, provided that the physician is reasonably sure that the possible risks and benefits of the study are clear and that the patient will take the drug as prescribed
• Subjects must be diagnosed with a glioma, cholangiocarcinoma or other solid malignant tumor that has progressed despite standard therapy, or for which no effective standard therapy exists, with biopsy-confirmed evidence of an IDH1 or IDH2 mutation associated with neomorphic activity of the encoded proteins; patients must have IDH1 or IDH2 mutation which must be detected in a clinical accredited laboratory using a Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved molecular test or a validated deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-based assay conducted in a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA)-certified laboratory; only specific mutations that lead to a neomorphic phenotype will be eligible for enrollment, and include IDH1: R132V, R132G, R132S, R132L, R132C and R132H; IDH2: R140W, R140L, R140Q, R172W, R172G, R172S, R172M, R172K
• Patients must have tumors determined to be easily accessible for biopsy and must be willing to have serial biopsies (with a third biopsy upon evidence of disease progression); in case of multiple lesions, tumor biopsies will be performed on the most accessible site of disease; all possible precautions to avoid complications will be taken, including discussions in multidisciplinary meetings, if needed; patients affected by glioma will not be considered for study biopsies
• Patients must be willing to undergo extra blood sampling for correlative studies
• Subjects with extracranial disease must have evaluable disease by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 (RECIST v1.1); subjects affected by glioma must have evaluable disease by Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology Criteria (RANO) criteria
• For subjects with glioma, specific inclusion criteria are as follows:
• The disease should be recurrent or transformed glioma; subjects must not have had prior surgery (biopsy allowed) or radiation therapy within 3 weeks of enrollment
• There must be an enhancing component of disease, as evaluated on pre-treatment magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
• For patients with World Health Organization (WHO) grade III or IV glioma and progressive disease < 12 weeks after completion of chemoradiotherapy, progression can be defined by the following set of criteria:
• New enhancement outside of the radiation field (beyond the high-dose region or 80% isodose line)
• If there is unequivocal evidence of viable tumor on histopathologic sampling (e.g., solid tumor areas. i.e., > 70% tumor cell nuclei in areas), high or progressive increase in MIB-1 proliferation index compared with prior biopsy, or evidence for histologic progression or increased anaplasia in tumor);
• Note: Given the difficulty of differentiating true progression from pseudoprogression, clinical decline alone, in the absence of radiographic or histologic confirmation of progression, will not be sufficient for definition of progressive disease in the first 12 weeks after completion of concurrent chemoradiotherapy
• For patients with WHO grade III or IV glioma and progressive disease >= 12 weeks after completion of chemoradiotherapy, progression can be defined by the following set of criteria:
• New contrast-enhancing lesion outside of radiation field on decreasing, stable, or increasing doses of corticosteroids
• Increase by >= 25% in the sum of the products of perpendicular diameters between the first post-radiotherapy scan, or a subsequent scan with smaller tumor size, and the scan at 12 weeks or later on stable or increasing doses of corticosteroids
• For patients receiving antiangiogenic therapy, significant increase in T2/fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) non-enhancing lesion may also be considered progressive disease; the increased T2/FLAIR must have occurred with the patient on stable or increasing doses of corticosteroids compared with baseline scan or best response after initiation of therapy and not be a result of comorbid events (e.g., effects of radiation therapy, demyelination, ischemic injury, infection, seizures, postoperative changes, or other treatment effects)
• Note: Clinical deterioration alone is not attributable to concurrent medication or comorbid conditions is sufficient to declare progression on current treatment but not for entry onto a clinical trial for recurrence
• For patients with WHO grade II glioma progression is defined by any one of the following:
• Development of new lesions or increase of enhancement (radiological evidence of malignant transformation)
• A 25% increase of the T2 or FLAIR non-enhancing lesion on stable or increasing doses of corticosteroids compared with baseline scan or best response after initiation of therapy, not attributable to radiation effect or to comorbid events
• For subject with extracranial disease, they must have at least one lesion, not previously irradiated, that can be accurately measured at baseline as >= 10 mm in the longest diameter (except lymph nodes which must have short axis >= 15 mm) with computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or >= 10 mm with calipers by clinical exam OR at least one lesion (measurable and/or non-measurable) that can be accurately assessed by CT/MRI/pain x-ray/clinical exam at baseline and follow up visits
• Subjects must have progressive cancer at the time of study entry; prior experimental (non-FDA approved) therapies (other than drugs that share the same target) and immunotherapies are allowed; patients must not have received these therapies for 30 days or five half-lives of the drug (whichever is less) prior to the initiation of study treatment; toxicities from these therapies should have recovered to =< grade 1, with the exception of stable chronic grade 2 that is not overlapping with presumed toxicities of olaparib
• Female/male of age >= 18 years. This is because no dosing or adverse event data are currently available on the use of olaparib in patients < 18 years of age, children are excluded from this study, but will be eligible for future pediatric trials
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2 (Karnofsky >= 50%)
• Hemoglobin >= 10.0 g/dL with no blood transfusion in the past 28 days (within 28 days prior to administration of study treatment)
• Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL (within 28 days prior to administration of study treatment)
• Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 x 10^9/L (within 28 days prior to administration of study treatment)
• Platelet count >= 100 x 10^9/L (within 28 days prior to administration of study treatment)
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (within 28 days prior to administration of study treatment)
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamic pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal unless liver metastases are present in which case they must be =< 5 x ULN (within 28 days prior to administration of study treatment)
• Creatinine clearance estimated using the Cockcroft-Gault equation of >= 51 mL/min (within 28 days prior to administration of study treatment)
• Patients must have a life expectancy >= 16 weeks
• Patient is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study including undergoing treatment and scheduled visits and examinations including follow up
• No previous treatment with the specific assigned study drug or any other PARP inhibitor
• Prior radiation therapy is allowed; patients must not have received radiation therapy within 3 weeks prior to the initiation of study treatment
• Women of child-bearing potential are expected to use highly effective contraception during the study and for 1 month after the last dose of study drug; postmenopausal or evidence of non-childbearing status for women of childbearing potential: negative urine or serum pregnancy test within 28 days of study treatment and confirmed prior to treatment on day 1; postmenopausal is defined as one or more of the following:
• Amenorrheic for 1 year or more following cessation of exogenous hormonal treatments
• Luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) levels in the post-menopausal range for women under 50
• Radiation-induced oophorectomy with last menses > 1 year ago
• Chemotherapy-induced menopause with > 1 year interval since last menses
• Surgical sterilization (bilateral oophorectomy or hysterectomy)
• Male patients and their partners, who are sexually active and of childbearing potential, must agree to the use of two highly effective forms of contraception in combination, throughout the period of taking study treatment and for 3 months after last dose of study drug(s) to prevent pregnancy in a partner
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients should not enter the study if any of the following exclusion criteria are fulfilled
• Involvement in the planning and/or conduct of the study
• Previous enrollment in the present study
• Participation in another clinical study with an investigational product during the last 30 days or five half-lives of the drug (whichever is less) prior to the initiation of study treatment (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C)
• Any previous treatment with PARP inhibitor, including olaparib
• Patients receiving any systemic chemotherapy or radiotherapy (except for palliative reasons) within 3 weeks prior to study treatment
• Other malignancy within the last 5 years except: adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer, curatively treated in situ cancer of the cervix, ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), stage 1, grade 1 endometrial carcinoma, or other solid tumors including lymphomas (without bone marrow involvement) curatively treated with no evidence of disease for >= 5 years; patients with a history of localized triple negative breast cancer may be eligible, provided they completed their adjuvant chemotherapy more than three years prior to registration, and that the patient remains free of recurrent or metastatic disease
• Resting electrocardiogram (ECG) with corrected QT interval (QTc) > 470 msec or family history of long QT syndrome
• Concomitant use of known strong CYP3A inhibitors (e.g. itraconazole, telithromycin, clarithromycin, protease inhibitors boosted with ritonavir or cobicistat, indinavir, saquinavir, nelfinavir, boceprevir, telaprevir) or moderate CYP3A inhibitors (e.g. ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, diltiazem, fluconazole, verapamil); the required washout period prior to starting olaparib is 2 weeks; because the lists of these agents are constantly changing, it is important to regularly consult a frequently updated drug information reference; medical reference texts such as the Physicians' Desk Reference may also provide this information; as part of the enrollment/informed consent procedures, the patient will be counseled on the risk of interactions with other agents, and what to do if new medications need to be prescribed or if the patient is considering a new over-the-counter medicine or herbal product
• Concomitant use of known strong (e.g. phenobarbital, enzalutamide, phenytoin, rifampicin, rifabutin, rifapentine, carbamazepine, nevirapine and St John's wort) or moderate CYP3A inducers (e.g. bosentan, efavirenz, modafinil); the required washout period prior to starting olaparib is 5 weeks for enzalutamide or phenobarbital and 3 weeks for other agents; because the lists of these agents are constantly changing, it is important to regularly consult a frequently updated drug information reference; medical reference texts such as the Physicians' Desk Reference may also provide this information; as part of the enrollment/informed consent procedures, the patient will be counseled on the risk of interactions with other agents, and what to do if new medications need to be prescribed or if the patient is considering a new over-the-counter medicine or herbal product
• Persistent toxicities caused by previous cancer therapy; toxicities should have recovered to =< grade 1, excluding alopecia and stable chronic grade 2 toxicity that is not overlapping with presumed toxicities of olaparib
• Patients with myelodysplastic syndrome/acute myeloid leukemia or with features suggestive of MDS/AML
• Patients with symptomatic uncontrolled brain metastases; a scan to confirm the absence of brain metastases is not required; the patient can receive a stable dose of corticosteroids before and during the study if these were started at least 4 weeks prior to treatment; patients with spinal cord compression unless considered to have received definitive treatment for this and evidence of clinically stable disease for 28 days; patients with known uncontrolled brain metastases should be excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events
• Major surgery within 2 weeks of starting study treatment; effects from surgeries should have recovered to =< grade 1, with the exception of stable chronic grade 2 that is not overlapping with presumed toxicities of olaparib
• Patients considered a poor medical risk due to a serious, uncontrolled medical disorder, non-malignant systemic disease or active, uncontrolled infection; examples include, but are not limited to, uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmia, recent (within 3 months) myocardial infarction, uncontrolled major seizure disorder, unstable spinal cord compression, superior vena cava syndrome, extensive interstitial bilateral lung disease on high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scan or any psychiatric disorder that prohibits obtaining informed consent and would limit compliance with study requirements
• Patients unable to swallow orally administered medication and patients with gastrointestinal disorders likely to interfere with absorption of the study medication
• Women who are actively breast feeding
• Immunocompromised patients, e.g., patients who are known to be serologically positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); HIV-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with Olaparib; in addition, these patients are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy; appropriate studies will be u
Lip, Oral Cavity and Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestine, Colon, Rectum, Anus, Liver, Pancreas, Other Digestive Organ, Larynx, Lung, Other Respiratory and Intrathoracic Organs, Bones and Joints, Soft Tissue, Melanoma, Skin, Kaposi's Sarcoma, Other Skin, Breast, Cervix, Corpus Uteri, Ovary, Other Female Genital, Prostate, Other Male Genital, Urinary Bladder, Kidney, Other Urinary, Eye and Orbit, Brain and Nervous System, Thyroid, Other Endocrine System, Unknown Sites, Ill-Defined Sites, Any Site, Anal, Bladder, Brain/Central Nervous System, Colon and Rectum, Endocrine cancers, Gastrointestinal cancers, other, Genitourinary cancers, other, Head and Neck, Melanoma/Skin cancer, Sarcoma, Uterus, Advanced Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Glioblastoma, Recurrent Cholangiocarcinoma, Recurrent Glioma, Recurrent Malignant Solid Neoplasm, WHO Grade 2 Glioma, WHO Grade 3 Glioma
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Observation or Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Grade II Meningioma That Has Been Completely Removed by Surgery

This randomized phase III trial studies how well radiation therapy works compared with observation in treating patients with newly diagnosed grade II meningioma that has been completely removed by surgery. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors.
Steven Howard, MD
All
18 Years and over
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03180268
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Inclusion Criteria:

• PRIOR TO STEP 1 REGISTRATION:
• The patient must have a newly diagnosed unifocal intracranial meningioma, gross totally resected, and histologically confirmed as WHO grade II based upon pathology findings at the enrolling institution; WHO grade will be assigned according to WHO 2016 criteria
• Gross total resection (GTR) will be interpreted as modified Simpson grade 1-3 without gross residual dural-based or extradural tumor; GTR must be confirmed both by modified Simpson grade and by post-operative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings
• Step 1 registration must occur within 180 days of the initial surgery; within this 180 day interval, a second surgery is permitted in order to achieve GTR, but even with a second surgery, step 1 registration must occur within 180 days of the initial resection
• For step 1 registration the operating neurosurgeon must provide the modified Simpson grade
• GTR must be confirmed on post-operative imaging following the most recent surgery; submission of both pre-operative and post-operative MRIs is required for patients; if a second surgery is performed, submission of post-operative MRI is required and pre-operative MRI is required only if obtained; all sequences obtained in the pre- and post-operative MR imaging are to be submitted to National Radiology Group (NRG) Oncology for study registration; imaging subsequent to enrollment must include pre and post gadolinium contrast-enhanced three-dimensional spoiled gradient (SPGR), magnetization-prepared rapid gradient echo (MP-RAGE), or turbo field echo (TFE) MRI scan and an axial T2 fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) sequence; to yield acceptable image quality, the gadolinium contrast-enhanced three-dimensional SPGR, MP-RAGE, or TFE axial MRI scan should use the smallest possible axial slice thickness not exceeding 1.5 mm; the post-operative MRI must be completed within sufficient time to permit step 1 registration within 180 days of the initial resection; these same conditions apply in the setting of a second surgical procedure, although if a second surgery is completed, step 1 registration must still occur with 180 days of initial surgery; computed tomography (CT) imaging is not required, but may be obtained if desired clinically, for instance to assess calcifications or hyperostosis
• The patient or a legally authorized representative must provide study-specific informed consent prior to study entry
• If the patient is a primary English speaker, the patient must participate in the NCF and patient reported outcomes part of the study; if the patient is a primary French or Spanish speaker, the patient must participate in the patient reported outcomes part of the study
• NOTE: Central pathology review must occur between steps 1 and 2 of registration; once appropriate pathology specimens are received, central pathology review will occur within 15 days, and must confirm WHO grade II meningioma before the patient can proceed to step 2 registration and randomization
• PRIOR TO STEP 2 REGISTRATION:
• Histologically confirmed diagnosis of WHO grade II meningioma confirmed by central pathology review prior to step 2 registration
• History/physical examination, including neurologic examination within 60 days prior to step 2 registration
• Post-operative Zubrod performance status 0-1 within 60 days prior to step 2 registration
• If the patient is a woman is of childbearing potential, a serum pregnancy test, obtained within 14 days prior to step 2 registration, must be negative, and, if randomized to receive radiation therapy, the woman must agree to use contraception
Exclusion Criteria:

• Optic nerve sheath meningioma, spinal or other extracranial meningioma, multiple meningiomas, hemangiopericytoma
• Definitive evidence of metastatic meningioma
• Prior invasive malignancy (except non-melanomatous skin cancer) unless disease free for a minimum of 3 years (carcinoma in situ of the breast, oral cavity, cervix, melanoma in situ, or other non-invasive malignancies are permissible)
• Previous radiotherapy to the scalp, cranium, brain, or skull base and radiation-induced meningiomas
• Major medical illnesses or psychiatric impairments, which in the investigators opinion, will prevent administration or completion of the protocol therapy and/or preclude informed consent; these include, but are not restricted to:
• Unstable angina and/or congestive heart failure requiring hospitalization at the time of step 2 registration
• Transmural myocardial infarction within the last 6 months prior to step 2 registration
• Acute bacterial or fungal infection requiring intravenous antibiotics at the time of step 2 registration
• Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation or other respiratory illness requiring hospitalization or precluding study therapy at the time of step 2 registration
• Type II neurofibromatosis (NF2)
• Ailments entailing substantial increases in sensitivity and side effect risk from radiation therapy (ataxia telangiectasia, Nijmegen breakage syndrome, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) with CD4 count < 200 cells/microliter); HIV testing is not required for eligibility for this protocol, and known HIV positive patients are eligible, provided they are under treatment with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and have a CD4 count >= 200 cells/microliter within 30 days prior to step 2 registration
• Inability to undergo MRI with and without contrast (e.g. claustrophobia, non-MRI compatible implant or foreign body, etc) or receive gadolinium; note that patients with severe claustrophobia are permitted on this study if they are willing and able to undergo MRI with adequate sedation or anesthesia
• Pregnancy and/or nursing females
Grade II Meningioma, Intracranial Meningioma, Brain and Nervous System, Brain/Central Nervous System
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Targeted Therapy Directed by Genetic Testing in Treating Pediatric Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Advanced Solid Tumors, Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas, or Histiocytic Disorders (The Pediatric MATCH Screening Trial)

This Pediatric MATCH screening and multi-sub-study phase II trial studies how well treatment that is directed by genetic testing works in pediatric patients with solid tumors, non-Hodgkin lymphomas, or histiocytic disorders that have progressed following at least one line of standard systemic therapy and/or for which no standard treatment exists that has been shown to prolong survival. Genetic tests look at the unique genetic material (genes) of patients' tumor cells. Patients with genetic changes or abnormalities (mutations) may benefit more from treatment which targets their tumor's particular genetic mutation, and may help doctors plan better treatment for patients with solid tumors or non-Hodgkin lymphomas.
Kenneth Desantes, M.D.
All
12 Months to 21 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03155620
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Inclusion Criteria:

• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT ONTO APEC1621SC: Patients must be >= 12 months and =< 21 years of age at the time of study enrollment
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT ONTO APEC1621SC: Patients with recurrent or refractory solid tumors, including non-Hodgkin lymphomas, histiocytoses (e.g. langerhans cell histiocytosis [LCH], juvenile xanthogranuloma [JXG], histiocytic sarcoma), and central nervous system (CNS) tumors are eligible; patients must have had histologic verification of malignancy at original diagnosis or relapse except in patients with intrinsic brain stem tumors, optic pathway gliomas, or patients with pineal tumors and elevations of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or serum tumor markers including alpha-fetoprotein or beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG); in cases where patient enrolls prior to histologic confirmation of recurrent disease, patient is ineligible and should be withdrawn from study if histology fails to confirm recurrence; please note: Patients with Hodgkin lymphoma and plexiform neurofibroma are not eligible
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT ONTO APEC1621SC: Tumor Testing Requirement: Tumor sample availability requirement for stage 1 of Pediatric MATCH (patients enrolled from start of study in July 2017 through 12/31/21); Patients must have an formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor sample available for MATCH study testing from a biopsy or surgery that was performed at any point after initial tumor recurrence/progression, or be planned to have a procedure to obtain such a sample that is considered to be of potential benefit by the treating clinicians; a tumor sample from a clinically performed diagnostic (pre-treatment) biopsy will be acceptable for enrollment onto Pediatric MATCH only for children with high-grade gliomas of the brainstem (diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas) or thalamus
• Please note: Samples that have been decalcified using standardly utilized acid-based decalcification methods are not generally suitable for MATCH study testing; the nucleic acids will have been degraded in the decalcification process
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT ONTO APEC1621SC: Tumor molecular profiling report availability requirement for Stage 2 of Pediatric MATCH (patients enrolled starting 2022): In stage 2 of the study, no tumor samples will be submitted for centralized clinical tumor profiling; instead, a tumor molecular profiling report from a College of American Pathologists (CAP)/ Clinical Laboratory Improvements Amendments (CLIA)-approved testing laboratory must be submitted for review by the Molecular Review Committee (MRC)
• This molecular profiling must have been performed on a tumor sample that was obtained at any point after initial tumor recurrence/progression and must be accompanied by a pathology report for the same tumor specimen; a molecular profiling report for a diagnostic (pre-treatment) tumor sample will be acceptable for enrollment onto Pediatric MATCH only for children with high-grade gliomas of the brainstem (diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas) or thalamus. In the event that molecular profiling reports are available from multiple timepoints, the most recent report should be prioritized for study submission
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT ONTO APEC1621SC: Karnofsky >= 50% for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky >= 50 for patients =< 16 years of age); note: neurologic deficits in patients with central nervous system (CNS) tumors must have been stable for at least 7 days prior to study enrollment; patients who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT ONTO APEC1621SC: Patients must have radiographically measurable disease; measurable disease based on imaging obtained less than or equal to 56 days prior to enrollment; patients with neuroblastoma who do not have measurable disease but have metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) positive (+) evaluable disease are eligible; measurable disease in patients with CNS involvement is defined as any lesion that is at minimum 10 mm in one dimension on standard magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT)
• Note: The following do not qualify as measurable disease:
• Malignant fluid collections (e.g., ascites, pleural effusions)
• Bone marrow infiltration except that detected by MIBG scan for neuroblastoma
• Lesions only detected by nuclear medicine studies (e.g., bone, gallium or positron emission tomography [PET] scans) except as noted for neuroblastoma
• Elevated tumor markers in plasma or CSF
• Previously radiated lesions that have not demonstrated clear progression post radiation
• Leptomeningeal lesions that do not meet the measurement requirements for Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: NOTE: patient does not need to meet all subprotocol criteria at time of enrollment onto the APEC1621SC screening protocol, but will need to meet all criteria prior to enrollment on any assigned treatment subprotocol. Patients must be enrolled onto a subprotocol within 2 weeks (14 days) of treatment assignment
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Karnofsky >= 50% for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky >= 50 for patients =< 16 years of age); Note: neurologic deficits in patients with CNS tumors must have been stable for at least 7 days prior to study enrollment; patients who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: At the time of treatment with subprotocol specified therapy, the patients must have radiographically measurable disease; patients with neuroblastoma who do not have measurable disease but have MIBG+ evaluable are eligible; measurable disease in patients with CNS involvement is defined as any lesion that is at minimum 10 mm in one dimension on standard MRI or CT
• Note: The following do not qualify as measurable disease:
• Malignant fluid collections (e.g., ascites, pleural effusions)
• Bone marrow infiltration except that detected by MIBG scan for neuroblastoma
• Lesions only detected by nuclear medicine studies (e.g., bone, gallium or positron emission tomography [PET] scans) except as noted for neuroblastoma
• Elevated tumor markers in plasma or CSF
• Previously radiated lesions that have not demonstrated clear progression post radiation
• Leptomeningeal lesions that do not meet the measurement requirements for RECIST 1.1
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: At the time of enrollment onto a subprotocol, the following general criteria for initiation of therapy will be required:
• Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior anticancer therapy and must meet the following minimum duration from prior anticancer directed therapy prior to enrollment to the subprotocol; if after the required timeframe, the numerical eligibility criteria are met, e.g. blood count criteria, the patient is considered to have recovered adequately
• Cytotoxic chemotherapy or other anticancer agents known to be myelosuppressive: for agents not listed, the duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair and the study-assigned research coordinator prior to enrollment >= 21 days after the last dose of cytotoxic or myelosuppressive chemotherapy (42 days if prior nitrosourea)
• Anticancer agents not known to be myelosuppressive (e.g. not associated with reduced platelet or absolute neutrophil counts [ANC]): >= 7 days after the last dose of agent; for agents not listed, the duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair and the study-assigned research coordinator prior to enrollment
• Antibodies: >= 21 days must have elapsed from infusion of last dose of antibody, and toxicity related to prior antibody therapy must be recovered to grade =< 1
• Corticosteroids: If used to modify immune adverse events related to prior therapy, >= 14 days must have elapsed since last dose of corticosteroid
• Hematopoietic growth factors: >= 14 days after the last dose of a long-acting growth factor (e.g. Neulasta) or 7 days for short-acting growth factor; for agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur; the duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair and the study-assigned research coordinator
• Interleukins, interferons and cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth factors): >= 21 days after the completion of interleukins, interferon or cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth factors)
• Stem cell infusions (with or without total-body irradiation [TBI]):
• Allogeneic (non-autologous) bone marrow or stem cell transplant, or any stem cell infusion including donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) or boost infusion: >= 84 days after infusion and no evidence of graft versus host disease (GVHD)
• Autologous stem cell infusion including boost infusion: >= 42 days
• Cellular therapy: >= 42 days after the completion of any type of cellular therapy (e.g. modified T cells, natural killer (NK) cells, dendritic cells, etc.)
• X-ray therapy (XRT)/External Beam Irradiation including Protons: >= 14 days after local XRT; >= 150 days after TBI, craniospinal XRT or if radiation to >= 50% of the pelvis; >= 42 days if other substantial bone marrow (BM) radiation; note: radiation may not be delivered to "measurable disease" tumor site(s) being used to follow response to subprotocol treatment
• Radiopharmaceutical therapy (e.g., radiolabeled antibody, 131I-MIBG): >= 42 days after systemically administered radiopharmaceutical therapy
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: For patients with solid tumors without known bone marrow involvement:
• Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/mm^3
• Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 (transfusion independent, defined as not receiving platelet transfusions for at least 7 days prior to enrollment)
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Patients with known bone marrow metastatic disease will be eligible for study provided they meet the blood counts (may receive transfusions provided they are not known to be refractory to red cell or platelet transfusions); these patients will not be evaluable for hematologic toxicity
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 ml/min/1.73 m^2 or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows:
• Age: 1 to < 2 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 0.6; female 0.6
• Age: 2 to < 6 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 0.8; female 0.8
• Age: 6 to < 10 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 1; female 1
• Age: 10 to < 13 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 1.2; female 1.2
• Age: 13 to < 16 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 1.5; female 1.4
• Age: >= 16 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 1.7; female 1.4
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Bilirubin (sum of conjugated + unconjugated) =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine transferase [ALT]) =< 135 U/L (for the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L)
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Patients must be able to swallow intact capsules/tablets, unless otherwise specified in the subprotocol to which they are assigned
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Agent specific limitations on prior therapy will be included with specific treatment subprotocols
Exclusion Criteria:

• GENERAL EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Pregnant or breast-feeding women will not be entered on this study due to risks of fetal and teratogenic adverse events as seen in animal/human studies, or because there is currently no available information regarding human fetal or teratogenic toxicities; pregnancy tests must be obtained in females who are post-menarchal; males or females of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method
• GENERAL EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Concomitant medications
• Corticosteroids: at the time of consent and enrollment to regimen specific subprotocols, patients receiving corticosteroids who have not been on a stable or decreasing dose of corticosteroid for at least 7 days prior to enrollment to the subprotocol will not be eligible; if used to modify immune adverse events related to prior therapy, >= 14 days must have elapsed since last dose of corticosteroid
• Investigational drugs: patients must meet criteria for prior therapy at the time of consent and enrollment to a subprotocol; other investigational agents may not be administered to patients while they are receiving study drug as part of a subprotocol
• Anticancer agents: patients must meet criteria for prior therapy at the time of consent and enrollment to a subprotocol; other investigational agents may not be administered to patients while they are receiving study drug as part of a subprotocol
• Anti-GVHD agents post-transplant: patients who are receiving cyclosporine, tacrolimus or other agents to prevent graft-versus-host disease post bone marrow transplant are not eligible
• GENERAL EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Patients who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible
• GENERAL EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Patients who have had a prior solid organ transplant are not eligible
• GENERAL EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Additional agent specific criteria will be included with specific treatment subprotocols
Advanced Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Ann Arbor Stage III Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Ann Arbor Stage IV Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Histiocytic Sarcoma, Juvenile Xanthogranuloma, Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis, Malignant Glioma, Recurrent Childhood Rhabdomyosarcoma, Recurrent Ependymoma, Recurrent Ewing Sarcoma, Recurrent Glioma, Recurrent Hepatoblastoma, Recurrent Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis, Recurrent Malignant Germ Cell Tumor, Recurrent Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Recurrent Medulloblastoma, Recurrent Neuroblastoma, Recurrent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Recurrent Osteosarcoma, Recurrent Peripheral Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor, Recurrent Primary Central Nervous System Neoplasm, Recurrent Rhabdoid Tumor, Recurrent Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Refractory Ewing Sarcoma, Refractory Glioma, Refractory Hepatoblastoma, Refractory Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis, Refractory Malignant Germ Cell Tumor, Refractory Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Refractory Medulloblastoma, Refractory Neuroblastoma, Refractory Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Refractory Osteosarcoma, Refractory Peripheral Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor, Refractory Primary Central Nervous System Neoplasm, Refractory Rhabdoid Tumor, Refractory Rhabdomyosarcoma, Rhabdoid Tumor, Stage III Osteosarcoma AJCC v7, Stage III Soft Tissue Sarcoma AJCC v7, Stage IV Osteosarcoma AJCC v7, Stage IV Soft Tissue Sarcoma AJCC v7, Stage IVA Osteosarcoma AJCC v7, Stage IVB Osteosarcoma AJCC v7, Wilms Tumor, Lip, Oral Cavity and Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestine, Colon, Rectum, Anus, Liver, Pancreas, Other Digestive Organ, Larynx, Lung, Other Respiratory and Intrathoracic Organs, Bones and Joints, Soft Tissue, Melanoma, Skin, Other Skin, Breast, Cervix, Corpus Uteri, Ovary, Other Female Genital, Prostate, Other Male Genital, Urinary Bladder, Kidney, Other Urinary, Eye and Orbit, Brain and Nervous System, Thyroid, Other Endocrine System, Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Multiple Myeloma, Lymphoid Leukemia, Myeloid and Monocytic Leukemia, Leukemia, other, Other Hematopoietic, Unknown Sites, Ill-Defined Sites, Anal, Bladder, Brain/Central Nervous System, Colon and Rectum, Endocrine cancers, Gastrointestinal cancers, other, Genitourinary cancers, other, Head and Neck, Hematologic cancers, other, Leukemia, Lymphoma, Melanoma/Skin cancer, Sarcoma, Uterus
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Testing the Addition of 131I-MIBG or Lorlatinib to Intensive Therapy in People With High-Risk Neuroblastoma (NBL)

This phase III trial studies iobenguane I-131 or lorlatinib and standard therapy in treating younger patients with newly-diagnosed high-risk neuroblastoma or ganglioneuroblastoma. Radioactive drugs, such as iobenguane I-131, may carry radiation directly to tumor cells and not harm normal cells. Lorlatinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving iobenguane I-131 or lorlatinib and standard therapy may work better compared to lorlatinib and standard therapy alone in treating younger patients with neuroblastoma or ganglioneuroblastoma.
Kenneth Desantes, M.D.
All
365 Days to 30 Years old
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03126916
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients must be enrolled on ANBL00B1 (NCT00904241) or APEC14B1 (NCT02402244) prior to enrollment on ANBL1531 (NCT03126916)
• Patient must be >= 365 days and =< 30 years of age at diagnosis
• Patients must have a diagnosis of neuroblastoma or ganglioneuroblastoma (nodular) verified by tumor pathology analysis or demonstration of clumps of tumor cells in bone marrow with elevated urinary catecholamine metabolites; the following disease groups are eligible:
• Patients with International Neuroblastoma Risk Group (INRG) stage M disease are eligible if found to have either of the following features:
• MYCN amplification (> 4-fold increase in MYCN signals as compared to reference signals), regardless of additional biologic features; OR
• Age > 547 days regardless of biologic features
• Patients with INRG stage MS disease with MYCN amplification
• Patients with INRG stage L2 disease with MYCN amplification
• Patients > 547 days of age initially diagnosed with INRG stage L1, L2 or MS disease who progressed to stage M without prior chemotherapy may enroll within 4 weeks of progression to stage M
• Patients >= 365 days of age initially diagnosed with MYCN amplified INRG stage L1 disease who progress to stage M without systemic therapy may enroll within 4 weeks of progression to stage M
• Patients initially recognized to have high-risk disease must have had no prior systemic therapy (other than topotecan/cyclophosphamide initiated on an emergent basis and within allowed timing); patients observed or treated with a single cycle of chemotherapy per a low or intermediate risk neuroblastoma regimen (e.g., as per ANBL0531, ANBL1232 or similar) for what initially appeared to be non-high risk disease but subsequently found to meet the criteria will also be eligible; patients who receive localized emergency radiation to sites of life-threatening or function-threatening disease prior to or immediately after establishment of the definitive diagnosis will be eligible
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 or a serum creatinine based on age/sex as follows:
• 1 to < 2 years: male = 0.6; female = 0.6
• 2 to < 6 years: male = 0.8; female = 0.8
• 6 to < 10 years: male = 1; female = 1
• 10 to < 13 years: male = 1.2; female = 1.2
• 13 to < 16 years: male = 1.5; female = 1.4
• >= 16 years: male = 1.7; female = 1.4
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age, and
• Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) < 10 x ULN; for the purposes of this study, ULN for SGPT (ALT) is 45
• Shortening fraction of >= 27% by echocardiogram, or ejection fraction of > 50% by echocardiogram or radionuclide angiogram
• No known contraindication to peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) collection; examples of contraindications might be a weight or size less than the collecting institution finds feasible, or a physical condition that would limit the ability of the child to undergo apheresis catheter placement (if necessary) and/or the apheresis procedure
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients with INRG stage L2 tumors without amplification of MYCN regardless of tumor histology (may meet criteria for high risk classification but are not eligible for this trial)
• Patients with bone marrow failure syndromes
• Patients for whom targeted radiopharmaceutical therapy would be contraindicated due to underlying medical disorders
• Female patients who are pregnant since fetal toxicities and teratogenic effects have been noted for several of the study drugs; a pregnancy test is required for female patients of childbearing potential
• Lactating females who plan to breastfeed their infants
• Sexually active patients of reproductive potential who have not agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of their study participation
Ganglioneuroblastoma, Neuroblastoma, Lip, Oral Cavity and Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestine, Colon, Rectum, Anus, Liver, Pancreas, Other Digestive Organ, Larynx, Lung, Other Respiratory and Intrathoracic Organs, Bones and Joints, Soft Tissue, Other Skin, Breast, Cervix, Corpus Uteri, Ovary, Other Female Genital, Prostate, Other Male Genital, Urinary Bladder, Kidney, Other Urinary, Eye and Orbit, Brain and Nervous System, Thyroid, Other Endocrine System, Other Hematopoietic, Unknown Sites, Ill-Defined Sites, Anal, Bladder, Brain/Central Nervous System, Colon and Rectum, Endocrine cancers, Gastrointestinal cancers, other, Genitourinary cancers, other, Head and Neck, Hematologic cancers, other, Melanoma/Skin cancer, Sarcoma, Uterus
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Active Surveillance, Bleomycin, Etoposide, Carboplatin or Cisplatin in Treating Pediatric and Adult Patients With Germ Cell Tumors

This phase III trial studies how well active surveillance, bleomycin, etoposide, carboplatin or cisplatin work in treating pediatric and adult patients with germ cell tumors. Active surveillance may help doctors to monitor subjects with low risk germ cell tumors after their tumor is removed. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as bleomycin, carboplatin, etoposide, and cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. The trial studies whether carboplatin or cisplatin is the preferred chemotherapy to use in treating germ cell tumors.
Kenneth Desantes, M.D.
All
Not specified
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03067181
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Inclusion Criteria:

• There is no age limit for the low risk stratum (stage I ovarian immature teratoma and stage I non-seminoma or seminoma malignant GCT [all sites])
• Standard risk 1: Patient must be < 11 years of age at enrollment
• Standard risk 2: Patients must be >= 11 and < 25 years of age at enrollment
• Patients enrolling on one of the low risk arms must be newly diagnosed with a stage I germ cell tumor; for the standard risk arms, patients must be newly diagnosed with metastatic germ cell tumor (stage II or higher); histologic confirmation of a primary extracranial germ cell tumor in any of the categories outlined below is required of all patients at enrollment except for those who were initially diagnosed with stage I non-seminoma malignant GCT and later recur during observation post surgery off study; for these patients, if elevated tumor markers rise to > 5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) on at least 2 measurements taken at least 1 week apart, a diagnostic biopsy is not required for enrollment
• Low risk stage I immature teratoma (IT); site: ovarian; stage: Children's Oncology Group (COG) stage I, Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage IA and IB; grade: 2 or 3; histology: pure immature teratoma (may contain microscopic foci of yolk sac tumor), mixed immature and mature teratoma, (no pathological evidence of MGCT); tumor markers: alpha-FP =< 1,000 ng/mL, beta-HCG institutional normal; all ages
• Low risk stage I non-seminoma MGCT; site: ovarian, testicular, or extragonadal; stage: COG stage I, FIGO stage IA and IB, American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) testicular stage IA, IB and IS; histology: must contain at least one of the following: yolk sac tumor, embryonal carcinoma, or choriocarcinoma (pure or mixed); all ages
• Low risk stage I seminoma-MGCT; site: testicular; stage: COG stage I; AJCC testicular stage IA IB, and IS; histology: must contain at least one of the following: may contain immature/mature teratoma; may NOT contain yolk sac tumor, embryonal carcinoma, or choriocarcinoma; all ages
• Standard risk 1 (SR1); site: ovarian, testicular, or extragonadal; stage: COG stage II-IV, FIGO stage IC, FIGO stage II-IV (International Germ Cell Consensus Classification [IGCCC] criteria DO NOT apply); histology: must contain at least one of the following: yolk sac tumor, embryonal carcinoma, or choriocarcinoma; age (years) < 11
• Standard risk 2 (SR2)
• Site: ovarian; stage: COG stage II and III, FIGO stage IC, II and III; histology: must contain at least one of the following: yolk sac tumor, embryonal carcinoma, or choriocarcinoma; age (years) >= 11 and < 25
• Site: testicular; stage: COG stage II-IV, AJCC stage II, III, IGCCC good risk; histology: must contain at least one of the following: yolk sac tumor, embryonal carcinoma, or choriocarcinoma; tumor markers: must be IGCCC good risk; post op: alpha-FP < 1,000 ng/mL, beta-HCG < 5,000 IU/mL and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) < 3.0 x normal; age (years) >= 11 and < 25
• Site: extragonadal; stage: COG stage II; histology: must contain at least one of the following: yolk sac tumor, embryonal carcinoma, or choriocarcinoma; age (years) >= 11 and < 25
• Notes:
• IGCCC criteria only apply to SR2 patients with a testicular primary tumor
• Use post-op tumor marker levels to determine IGCCC risk group
• Stage 1 seminoma patients are not eligible for the standard risk arms of the study
• For the low risk stage I non-seminoma MGCT and the standard risk arms, components of yolk sac tumor, embryonal carcinoma, or choriocarcinoma can be mixed with other forms of GCT, such as seminoma or mature or immature teratoma; if yolk sac tumor is the only malignant component present, then it must be deemed by the pathologist to be greater than a "microscopic component" of yolk sac tumor
• Patients must have a performance status corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scores of 0, 1, 2 or 3; use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for patients =< 16 years of age
• Organ function requirements apply ONLY to patients who will receive chemotherapy (SR1 and SR2 patients)
• Adequate renal function defined as:
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 OR
• A serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows: (mg/dL)
• 1 month to < 6 months male: 0.4 female: 0.4
• 6 months to < 1 year male: 0.5 female: 0.5
• 1 to < 2 years male: 0.6 female: 0.6
• 2 to < 6 years male: 0.8 female: 0.8
• 6 to < 10 years male: 1 female: 1
• 10 to < 13 years male: 1.2 female: 1.2
• 13 to < 16 years: male: 1.5 female: 1.4
• >= 16 years male: 1.7 female: 1.4
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
• Serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) (aspartate aminotransferase [AST]) or serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) < 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age (for the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L)
• Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,000/mm^3 AND
• Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3
• Patients enrolling on the standard risk arms must be medically fit to receive protocol treatment and with no contraindications to protocol treatment
• Eligibility criteria to participate in the pilot study of the AYA-Hears instrument (patient reported outcomes [PROs] of ototoxicity) Note: participants in group 1 will not receive AGCT1531 protocol-directed therapy; all other AYA-HEARS patients must be enrolled on the AGCT1531 SR2 arm in order to participate
• >= 11 and < 25 years old at enrollment
• Able to fluently speak and read English
• Has received prior cisplatin- or carboplatin-based chemotherapy regimen for malignancy including diagnoses other than germ cell tumor
• Followed for cancer or survivorship care at one of the following institutions:
• Baylor College of Medicine/Dan L Duncan Comprehensive Cancer Center
• Dana Farber/Harvard Cancer Center
• Hospital for Sick Children
• Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario
• Oregon Health and Science University
• Seattle Children's Hospital
• Yale University
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients with any diagnoses not listed including:
• Stage I testicular cancer patients who have undergone primary RPLND (retroperitoneal lymph node dissection)
• Pure dysgerminoma
• Pure mature teratoma
• Pure immature teratoma COG stage I, grade I
• Pure immature teratoma COG stage I, grade 2,3 with alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) >= 1000 ng/mL
• Pure immature teratoma COG stage II
•IV or FIGO stage IC to IV
• "Poor risk" GCT (age >= 11 years old and COG stage IV ovarian, COG stage III or IV EG, or IGCCC intermediate or poor risk testicular), or
• Primary central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumor
• Germ cell tumor with somatic malignant transformation
• Spermatocytic seminoma
• Patients must have had no prior systemic therapy for the current cancer diagnosis
• Patients must have had no prior radiation therapy with the exception of CNS irradiation of brain metastases; (this exception only applies to SR1 patients; any patients over age 11 with distant metastases to brain [stage IV disease] would be considered poor risk and therefore not eligible for this trial)
• Patients with significant, pre-existing co-morbid respiratory disease that contraindicate the use of bleomycin are ineligible for the standard risk arms of the trial
• Female patients who are pregnant since fetal toxicities and teratogenic effects have been noted for several of the study drugs; a pregnancy test is required for female patients of childbearing potential; (this criteria applies ONLY to patients who will receive chemotherapy [SR1 and SR2 patients])
• Lactating females who plan to breastfeed their infants; (this criteria applies ONLY to patients who will receive chemotherapy [SR1 and SR2 patients])
• Sexually active patients of reproductive potential who have not agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of their study participation; (this criteria applies ONLY to patients who will receive chemotherapy [SR1 and SR2 patients])
Childhood Extracranial Germ Cell Tumor, Extragonadal Embryonal Carcinoma, Germ Cell Tumor, Malignant Germ Cell Tumor, Malignant Ovarian Teratoma, Stage I Ovarian Choriocarcinoma, Stage I Ovarian Embryonal Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage I Ovarian Teratoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage I Ovarian Yolk Sac Tumor AJCC v6 and v7, Stage I Testicular Choriocarcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage I Testicular Embryonal Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage I Testicular Seminoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage I Testicular Yolk Sac Tumor AJCC v6 and v7, Stage II Ovarian Choriocarcinoma, Stage II Ovarian Embryonal Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage II Ovarian Yolk Sac Tumor AJCC v6 and v7, Stage II Testicular Choriocarcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage II Testicular Embryonal Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage II Testicular Yolk Sac Tumor AJCC v6 and v7, Stage III Ovarian Choriocarcinoma, Stage III Ovarian Embryonal Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage III Ovarian Yolk Sac Tumor AJCC v6 and v7, Stage III Testicular Choriocarcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage III Testicular Embryonal Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage III Testicular Yolk Sac Tumor AJCC v6 and v7, Stage IV Ovarian Choriocarcinoma, Stage IV Ovarian Embryonal Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage IV Ovarian Yolk Sac Tumor AJCC v6 and v7, Testicular Mixed Choriocarcinoma and Embryonal Carcinoma, Testicular Mixed Choriocarcinoma and Teratoma, Testicular Mixed Choriocarcinoma and Yolk Sac Tumor, Lip, Oral Cavity and Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestine, Colon, Rectum, Anus, Liver, Pancreas, Other Digestive Organ, Larynx, Lung, Other Respiratory and Intrathoracic Organs, Bones and Joints, Soft Tissue, Other Skin, Breast, Cervix, Corpus Uteri, Ovary, Other Female Genital, Prostate, Other Male Genital, Urinary Bladder, Kidney, Other Urinary, Eye and Orbit, Thyroid, Other Endocrine System, Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Unknown Sites, Ill-Defined Sites, Anal, Bladder, Colon and Rectum, Endocrine cancers, Gastrointestinal cancers, other, Genitourinary cancers, other, Head and Neck, Lymphoma, Melanoma/Skin cancer, Sarcoma, Uterus
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Reduced Craniospinal Radiation Therapy and Chemotherapy in Treating Younger Patients With Newly Diagnosed WNT-Driven Medulloblastoma

This phase II trial studies how well reduced doses of radiation therapy to the brain and spine (craniospinal) and chemotherapy work in treating patients with newly diagnosed type of brain tumor called WNT)/Wingless (WNT)-driven medulloblastoma. Recent studies using chemotherapy and radiation therapy have been shown to be effective in treating patients with WNT-driven medulloblastoma. However, there is a concern about the late side effects of treatment, such as learning difficulties, lower amounts of hormones, or other problems in performing daily activities. Radiotherapy uses high-energy radiation from x-rays to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, vincristine sulfate, cyclophosphamide and lomustine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving reduced craniospinal radiation therapy and chemotherapy may kill tumor cells and may also reduce the late side effects of treatment.
Kenneth Desantes, M.D.
All
3 Years to 21 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT02724579
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients must be newly diagnosed and have:
• Eligibility confirmed by rapid central pathology and molecular screening review on APEC14B1:
• Classical histologic type (non LC/A) WNT medulloblastoma
• Positive nuclear beta-catenin by immunohistochemistry (IHC)
• Positive for CTNNB1 mutation
• Negative for MYC and MYCN by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)
• Patient must have negative lumbar cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology
• Note: CSF cytology for staging should be performed no sooner than 14 days post operatively to avoid false positive CSF; ideally, CSF should be obtained between day 14 and day 21 to allow for final staging status before enrollment onto the study; patients with positive CSF cytology obtained 0 to 14 days after surgery should have cytology repeated to determine eligibility and final CSF status; patients with negative CSF cytology from lumbar puncture obtained 0 to 14 days after surgery do not need cytology repeated; patients with negative CSF cytology from lumbar puncture obtained prior to surgery do not need cytology repeated post-operatively
• Patients must have eligibility confirmed by Rapid Central Imaging Review on APEC14B1; patients must have =< 1.5 cm^2 maximal cross-sectional area of residual tumor; whole brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with and without gadolinium and spine MRI with gadolinium must be performed
• Patients must be enrolled, and protocol therapy must be projected to begin, no later than 36 days after definitive diagnostic surgery (day 0)
• Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/uL
• Platelet count >= 100,000/uL (transfusion independent)
• Hemoglobin >= 10.0 g/dL (may receive red blood cell [RBC] transfusions)
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows:
• 3 to < 6 years of age: maximum (max) serum creatinine 0.8 mg/dL (males and females)
• 6 to < 10 years of age: max serum creatinine 1 mg/dL (males and females)
• 10 to < 13 years of age: max serum creatinine 1.2 mg/dL (males and females)
• 13 to < 16 years of age: max serum creatinine 1.5 md/dL (males) and 1.4 md/dL (females)
• >= 16 years of age: max serum creatinine 1.7 mg/dL (males) and 1.4 mg/dL (females)
• The threshold creatinine values were derived from the Schwartz formula for estimating GFR utilizing child length and stature data published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
• Total or direct bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age, and
• Serum glutamate pyruvate (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 135 U/L (3x ULN); for the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L
• Central nervous system function defined as:
• Patients with seizure disorder may be enrolled if on anticonvulsants and well controlled
• Patients must not be in status epilepticus, a coma or on assisted ventilation at the time of study enrollment
• Patients must have receptive and expressive language skills in English, French, or Spanish to complete the QoL and neurocognitive assessments; if a patient meets these criteria but the parent/guardian speaks a language other than English, French, or Spanish, the patient may still be enrolled and tested, and the parent-report measures should be omitted
• All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent; assent, when appropriate, will be obtained according to institutional guidelines
• All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients with metastatic disease by either MRI evaluation (brain and spine) or lumbar CSF cytology are not eligible; patients who are unable to undergo a lumbar puncture for assessment of CSF cytology are ineligible
• Patients must not have received any prior radiation therapy or chemotherapy (tumor-directed therapy) other than surgical intervention and/or corticosteroids
• Pregnancy and Breast Feeding
• Female patients who are pregnant are ineligible due to risks of fetal and teratogenic adverse events as seen in animal/human studies
• Lactating females are not eligible unless they have agreed not to breastfeed their infants
• Female patients of childbearing potential are not eligible unless a negative pregnancy test result has been obtained
• Sexually active patients of reproductive potential are not eligible unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of their study participation
• Patients with a history of moderate to profound intellectual disability (i.e., intelligence quotient [Q)]=< 55) are not eligible for enrollment; PLEASE NOTE: Children with a prior history of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or a specific learning disability (e.g., dyslexia) are eligible for this study
Medulloblastoma, Brain and Nervous System, Brain/Central Nervous System
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