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Search Results within category "Addiction & Substance Abuse"

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Suggestions within category "Addiction & Substance Abuse"

2 Study Matches

E-Cigarette Effects on Markers of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Disease

This study is designed to enhance the understanding of the possible health effects of e-cigarette use by relating the acute and long-term use of e-cigarettes and conventional cigarettes ("products") to well-validated cardiovascular and pulmonary disease biomarkers. Participants will be enrolled in 3 groups: exclusive e-cigarette users, exclusive cigarette smokers, and a control group of never-users. Participants can expect up to 4 weeks of study participation.
James Stein
18 Years and over
This study is also accepting healthy volunteers
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Inclusion Criteria:

• able to read and write English
• no plans to quit smoking and/or e-cig use in the next month
• not using cigars/smokeless/snus tobacco >/= 1 time per week
• having a stable pattern of current product use
• able to walk at least 2 blocks without assistance or stopping
• Specific to Exclusive Smokers:
• smokes daily
• >/= 5 cigs/day for last 6 months
• < 3 uses E-cigs in lifetime
• >/= 5 ppm carbon monoxide (CO)
• Cotinine > 100 ng/ml
• Specific to Exclusive E-cig users:
• >/= 5 days per week E-cig use for last 3 months
• Cotinine > 100 ng/ml
• Specific to Never-users
• < 100 cigarettes in a lifetime, none for > 5 years
• < 3 E-cig uses in a lifetime
• Continine < 100 ng/ml
Exclusion Criteria:

• current use of a smoking cessation medication
• women who are pregnant or plan to get pregnant in the coming month
• women who might be pregnant
• incarcerated individuals
• history of sarcoidosis in past 5 years, or active interstitial lung/pulmonary fibrosis
• history of positive COVID-19 test
Tobacco Use, E-Cigarette Use, Cardiovascular Diseases, Pulmonary Disease, Nicotine dependence, Secondary hypertension, Atherosclerosis, Tobacco use, Prevention & Screening, Heart & Vascular, Lung & Respiratory
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Obstetric Liposomal Bupivacaine Via Surgical Transversus Abdominis Plane Block for Post Cesarean Pain Control (OBLiBupi)

This study seeks to identify whether the addition of liposomal bupivacaine to regular bupivacaine and saline administered via surgical transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block will reduce the cumulative opioid dose in the first 48 hours after cesarean. 60 women scheduled for cesarean at Unity-Point Health Meriter Hospital in Madison, Wisconsin will be enrolled and can be expect to be on study for up to 6 weeks post-partum.
Kathleen Antony, MD
18 Years and over
Phase 4
This study is also accepting healthy volunteers
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Maternal age greater than or equal to 18
• Singleton or multifetal pregnancy
• Able to receive neuraxial analgesia
• Planned/ scheduled Cesarean delivery OR non-urgent Cesarean delivery at UnityPoint-Health Meriter with adequate time to consider and consent to the study
• Able to provide consent in English
Exclusion Criteria:

• Known hypersensitivity to bupivacaine or liposomal bupivacaine (defined as a history of a reaction or allergy to bupivacaine (injectable, intravenous, or transdermal) reported by patient or documented in the medical record) or patient report
• Plan by the obstetrical provider to inject bupivacaine or other local anesthetic into the cesarean incision due to potential differences in pain levels.
• Contraindication to regional analgesia
• Positive urine drug screen at admission to the hospital, if ordered for clinical purposes.
• Current opioid use or opioid use disorder per patient report or documented in the medical record or the Enhanced Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (ePDMP) (reviewed by Principal Investigator 1-14 days prior to surgery)
• Chronic opioid use or opioid use disorder, either patient reported or documented in the medical record or the ePDMP (reviewed by PI 1-14 days prior to surgery), defined as opioid use on most days for greater than 3 months
• Planned Cesarean hysterectomy (excluded due to anticipated blood loss and alternative pain control measures, possible prolonged intubation)
• Planned vertical midline incision
• Presence of renal dysfunction precluding the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
• Ischemic heart disease, congestive heart failure, or cardiomyopathy of pregnancy
• Coagulopathy
• Planned discharge from the hospital less than 48 hours postpartum
Pain, unspecified, Cesarean Section Complications, Pain, Opioid Use
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