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18 Study Matches

Childhood Allergy and the Neonatal Environment (CANOE)

The purpose of this research study is to study the relationship between childhood asthma, allergies, and early-life environmental factors that may cause childhood asthma and allergies. Previous birth cohort studies have found early-life environmental factors such as allergies, pollutants, viruses and bacteria have all contributed to the development of asthma and allergies. Investigators are doing this research because there continues to be a strong need to understand the root causes of asthma and allergies. The CANOE study is an observational cohort study, which means investigators are not asking participants or participant's child to change their medications and investigators will not be giving participants or participant's child a study drug.
Anne Singh
All
Not specified
NA
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04215783
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Inclusion Criteria:
1. History of or concurrent asthma or allergic rhinitis (hay fever) in either biologic parent or sibling (at least one shared biological parent) by parental report. The presence of paternal or sibling allergy or asthma will be ascertained by maternal report. 2. Maternal age greater than or equal to 18 years at the time of study enrollment.
Exclusion Criteria:
1. Maternal HIV infection at time of delivery. 2. Plans for the family to move out of the geographic area during the period of the study. 3. Does not speak English. 4. Current maternal use of progesterone during pregnancy to prevent preterm birth.
• Progesterone use is only an exclusion if currently being taken at time of enrollment for preterm birth. Previous use to prevent preterm birth or use at any time for other indications is allowed. 5. Pregnancy is a result of an embryo donor (egg and sperm donor pregnancies are permitted). 6. Past or current medical problems or findings from physical examination or laboratory testing which, in the opinion of the investigator or designee, may pose additional risks from participation in the study, may interfere with the participant's ability to comply with study requirements or that may impact the quality or interpretation of the data obtained from the study.
Asthma in Children, Allergy, Allergic rhinitis due to pollen, Allergic rhinitis due to food, Allergic rhinitis due to animal (cat) (dog) hair and dander, Asthma, Infections, Immune System & Allergies
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Dose Escalation Study of CLR 131 in Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults With Relapsed or Refractory Malignant Tumors Including But Not Limited to Neuroblastoma, Rhabdomyosarcoma, Ewings Sarcoma, and Osteosarcoma (CLOVER-2)

The study evaluates CLR 131 in children, adolescents, and young adults with relapsed or refractory malignant solid tumors and lymphoma and recurrent or refractory malignant brain tumors for which there are no standard treatment options with curative potential.
Diane Puccetti, M.D.
All
2 Years to 25 Years old
Phase 1
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03478462
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Inclusion Criteria:
All Patients
• Previously confirmed (histologically or cytologically) pediatric solid tumor (e.g., neuroblastoma, sarcoma), lymphoma (including Hodgkin's lymphoma), or malignant brain tumors that are clinically or radiographically suspected to be relapsed, refractory, or recurrent for which there are no standard treatment options with curative potential. Note: patients with diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) may enroll without histological or cytological confirmation.
• ≥ 2 years of age and ≤ 25 years of age at time of consent/assent
• If ≥ age 16 years, Karnofsky performance status of ≥ 60. If < age 16 years, Lansky performance status ≥ 60
• Platelets ≥ 75,000/µL (last transfusion, if any, must be at least 1 week prior to study registration, and, unless deemed medically necessary, no transfusions are allowed between registration and dosing)
• Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 750/µL
• Hemoglobin ≥ 8 g/dL (last transfusion must be at least 1 week prior to study registration, and, unless deemed medically necessary, no transfusions are allowed between registration and dosing)
• Using the bedside Schwartz formula, estimated GFR (creatinine clearance) > 60 ml/min/1.73m2
• Alanine aminotransferase < 3 × ULN
• Bilirubin < 2 × ULN
• Patients who have undergone autologous or allogeneic bone marrow transplant must be at least 3 months from transplant.
• Patients enrolling at total dose levels > 30 millicurie (mCi)/m2 must have availability or ability to collect an autologous hematopoietic stem cell back-up product prior to CLR 131 administration. At minimum, 2 x 10^6/kg cryopreserved CD34+ cells must be available.
• Patient or his or her legal representative is judged by the Investigator to have the initiative and means to be compliant with the protocol. Patients with Pediatric Solid Tumor or Lymphoma
• At least 1 measurable lesion with longest diameter of at least 10 mm. Patients with a lesion(s) that are determined to be Metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) or positron emission tomography (PET) positive may be enrolled at the investigator's discretion, even if not associated with a measurable lesion of at least 10 mm. Patients with neuroblastoma who have detectable disease may enroll provided they meet the requirements of the International Neuroblastoma Response Criteria.
• Patients with known brain metastases must have completed any radiotherapy or systemic treatments for brain metastases prior to enrollment; by investigator assessment be considered stable with no new signs or symptoms for at least 1 month, and on a stable dose of steroids (unchanged for three weeks prior to registration or on a steroid tapering regimen). Patients with Recurrent or Refractory Brain Tumors
• At least 1 measurable lesion with longest diameter of at least 10 mm on any imaging sequence.
• Patients with previously known neurological deficits must be clinically stable at time of enrollment and able to complete all study related procedures. Patients with documented or newly diagnosed neurological deficits will be enrolled at the investigator's discretion.
• If patient receives steroids for neurological symptom control, the dose must be stable (unchanged for three weeks prior to registration) or on a steroid tapering regimen. Initiation of steroids per routine care immediately prior to CLR 131 dosing is acceptable.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients receiving active treatment for central nervous system metastases or those that are likely to require active treatment during anticipated participation in this trial. Patients with stable brain metastases treated with steroids may enroll at the investigator's discretion
• For solid tumor and lymphoma patients only, central nervous system involvement unless previously treated with surgery, systemic therapy, or radiotherapy with the patient neurologically stable. Patients with metastatic brain tumors that have been previously treated are allowed, provided the patient is neurologically stable (determined at the investigator's discretion).
• Antitumor therapy or investigational therapy, within 2 weeks of dosing. For certain types of radiation (craniospinal, total abdominal, whole lung [spot irradiation to skull-based metastases is not considered craniospinal radiation for the purposes of this study]), at least 3 months must have elapsed. No washout is required for palliative focal radiation. NOTE: Patients participating in non-interventional clinical trials (i.e., non-drug) are allowed to participate in this trial
• Patients previously treated with iodine-131 (131I)-MIBG who have already received a cumulative I-131 dose > 54 mCi/kg or who would exceed 54 mCi/kg by participating in this trial, are not eligible.
Anus, Bones and Joints, Brain and Nervous System, Breast, Cervix, Colon, Corpus Uteri, Esophagus, Eye and Orbit, Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Ill-Defined Sites, Kidney, Larynx, Lip, Oral Cavity and Pharynx, Liver, Lung, Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Other Digestive Organ, Other Endocrine System, Other Female Genital, Other Male Genital, Other Respiratory and Intrathoracic Organs, Other Skin, Other Urinary, Ovary, Pancreas, Prostate, Rectum, Small Intestine, Soft Tissue, Stomach, Thyroid, Urinary Bladder, Anal, Bladder, Brain/Central Nervous System, Colon and Rectum, Endocrine cancers, Gastrointestinal cancers, other, Genitourinary cancers, other, Head and Neck, Lymphoma, Melanoma/Skin cancer, Sarcoma, Uterus, Pediatric Solid Tumor, Pediatric Lymphoma, Pediatric Brain Tumor, DIPG, Neuroblastoma, Ewing Sarcoma, Rhabdomyosarcoma, Osteosarcoma
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Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacodynamics, and Safety Profile of Understudied Drugs Administered to Children Per Standard of Care (POPS) (POPS or POP02)

The study investigators are interested in learning more about how drugs, that are given to children by their health care provider, act in the bodies of children and young adults in hopes to find the most safe and effective dose for children. The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the PK of understudied drugs currently being administered to children per SOC as prescribed by their treating provider.
Maria Stanley
All
up to 20 Years old
NA
This study is also accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04278404
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Inclusion Criteria:
1. Participant is < 21 years of age 2. Parent/ Legal Guardian/ Adult Participant can understand the consent process and is willing to provide informed consent/HIPAA: 3. (a) Participant is receiving one or more of the study drugs of interest at the time of enrollment or (b) Participant is NOT receiving one or more of the study drugs of interest but is SARS-COV-2 positive within 60 days prior to enrollment
Exclusion Criteria:
1. Participant has a known pregnancy Below exclusion criteria apply only to participants receiving one or more of the study drugs of interest at the time of enrollment, 2. Has had intermittent dialysis within previous 24 hours 3. Has had a kidney transplant within previous 30 days 4. Has had a liver transplant within previous 1 year 5. Has had a stem cell transplant within previous 1 year 6. Has had therapeutic hypothermia within previous 24 hours 7. Has had plasmapheresis within the previous 24 hours 8. Has a Ventricular Assist Device 9. Has any condition which would make the participant, in the opinion of the investigator, unsuitable for the study
Coronavirus Infection (COVID-19), Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Urinary Tract Infections in Children, Hypertension, Pain, Hyperphosphatemia, Primary Hyperaldosteronism, Edema, Hypokalemia, Heart Failure, Hemophilia, Menorrhagia, Insomnia, Pneumonia, Skin Infection, Arrythmia, Asthma in Children, Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia, Adrenal Insufficiency, Fibrinolysis, Hemorrhage, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C), Kawasaki Disease, Coagulation Disorder, Down Syndrome
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Cisplatin and Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Children and Young Adults With Hepatoblastoma or Liver Cancer After Surgery

This partially randomized phase II/III trial studies how well, in combination with surgery, cisplatin and combination chemotherapy works in treating children and young adults with hepatoblastoma or hepatocellular carcinoma. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, doxorubicin, fluorouracil, vincristine sulfate, carboplatin, etoposide, irinotecan, sorafenib, gemcitabine and oxaliplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving combination chemotherapy may kill more tumor cells than one type of chemotherapy alone.
Kenneth Desantes, M.D.
All
up to 30 Years old
Phase 2/Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03533582
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients in Group F must have a body surface area (BSA) >= 0.6 m^2
• Patients must have a performance status corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scores of 0, 1, or 2; use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for patients =< 16 years of age; patients who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score
• Patients must be newly diagnosed with histologically-proven primary pediatric hepatic malignancies including hepatoblastoma or hepatocellular carcinoma, except as noted below; patients with a diagnosis of hepatocellular neoplasm, not otherwise specified, should be classified and treated per hepatoblastoma treatment arms; note that rapid central pathology review is required in some cases; please note: all patients with histology as assessed by the institutional pathologist consistent with pure small cell undifferentiated (SCU) HB will be required to have testing for INI1/SMARCB1 by immunohistochemistry (IHC) according to the practices at the institution
• Patients with histology consistent with pure SCU must have positive INI1/SMARCB1 staining
• For all Group A patients, WDF status as determined by rapid review will be used to further stratify patients to Group A1 or A2
• For Groups B, C and D, rapid review is required if patients are either >= 8 years of age or have an alphafetoprotein (AFP) =< 100 at diagnosis
• For all Groups E and F patients, rapid central pathology review is required
• In emergency situations when a patient meets all other eligibility criteria and has had baseline required observations, but is too ill to undergo a biopsy safely, the patient may be enrolled without a biopsy
• Clinical situations in which emergent treatment may be indicated include, but are not limited to, the following circumstances:
• Anatomic or mechanical compromise of critical organ function by tumor (e.g., respiratory distress/failure, abdominal compartment syndrome, urinary obstruction, etc.)
• Uncorrectable coagulopathy
• For a patient to maintain eligibility for AHEP1531 when emergent treatment is given, the following must occur:
• The patient must have a clinical diagnosis of hepatoblastoma, including an elevated alphafetoprotein (AFP), and must meet all AHEP1531 eligibility criteria at the time of emergent treatment
• Patient must be enrolled on AHEP1531 prior to initiating protocol therapy; a patient will be ineligible if any chemotherapy is administered prior to AHEP1531 enrollment
• Note: If the patient receives AHEP1531 chemotherapy emergently PRIOR to undergoing a diagnostic biopsy, pathologic review of material obtained in the future during either biopsy or surgical resection must either confirm the diagnosis of hepatoblastoma or not reveal another pathological diagnosis to be included in the analysis of the study aims
• Patients may have had surgical resection of the hepatic malignancy prior to enrollment; all other anti-cancer therapy for the current liver lesion is prohibited
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 or
• A serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows:
• Age: maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL)
• 1 month to < 6 months: 0.4 (male and female)
• 6 months to < 1 year: 0.5 (male and female)
• 1 to < 2 years: 06 (male and female)
• 2 to < 6 years: 0.8 (male and female)
• 6 to < 10 years: 1 (male and female)
• 10 to < 13 years: 1.2 (male and female)
• 13 to < 16 years: 1.5 (male), 1.4 (female)
• >= 16 years: 1.7 (male), 1.4 (female)
• Total bilirubin =< 5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) < 10 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
• Shortening fraction of >= 28% by echocardiogram (for patients on doxorubicin-containing regimens [Groups C, D, E2, and F] assessed within 8 weeks prior to study enrollment) or
• Ejection fraction of >= 47% by echocardiogram or radionuclide angiogram (for patients on doxorubicin-containing regimens [Groups C, D, E2, and F] assessed within 8 weeks prior to study enrollment)
• Group F patients only: QT/corrected QT (QTc) interval =< 450 milliseconds for males and =< 470 milliseconds for females (assessed within 8 weeks prior to study enrollment)
• Normal pulmonary function tests (including diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide [DLCO]) if there is clinical indication for determination (e.g. dyspnea at rest, known requirement for supplemental oxygen) (for patients receiving chemotherapy [Groups A, B, C, D, E2, F]); for patients who do not have respiratory symptoms or requirement for supplemental oxygen, pulmonary function tests (PFTs) are NOT required
• All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent
• All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met
Exclusion Criteria:

• Prior chemotherapy or tumor directed therapy (i.e. radiation therapy, biologic agents, local therapy (embolization, radiofrequency ablation, and laser); therefore, patients with a pre-disposition syndrome who have a prior malignancy are not eligible
• Patients who are currently receiving another investigational drug
• Patients who are currently receiving other anticancer agents
• Patients with uncontrolled infection
• Patients who previously received a solid organ transplant, other than those who previously received an orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) as primary treatment of their hepatocellular carcinoma
• Patients with hypersensitivity to any drugs on their expected treatment arm
• Group C: Patients who have known deficiency of dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD)
• Group D:
• Patients with chronic inflammatory bowel disease and/or bowel obstruction
• Patients with concomitant use of St. John's wort, which cannot be stopped prior to the start of trial treatment
• Group F:
• Patients with peripheral sensitive neuropathy with functional impairment
• Patients with a personal or family history of congenital long QT syndrome
• These criteria apply ONLY to patients who may receive chemotherapy (all groups other than Group E1):
• Female patients who are pregnant since fetal toxicities and teratogenic effects have been noted for several of the study drugs; a pregnancy test is required for female patients of childbearing potential
• Lactating females who plan to breastfeed their infants
• Sexually active patients of reproductive potential who have not agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of their study participation
• Note for Group F: patients of childbearing potential should use effective birth control during treatment with sorafenib and for at least 2 weeks after stopping treatment
Childhood Hepatocellular Carcinoma, Childhood Malignant Liver Neoplasm, Fibrolamellar Carcinoma, Hepatoblastoma, Hepatocellular Malignant Neoplasm, Not Otherwise Specified, Liver
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Samotolisib in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Advanced Solid Tumors, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, or Histiocytic Disorders With TSC or PI3K/MTOR Mutations (A Pediatric MATCH Treatment Trial)

This phase II Pediatric MATCH trial studies how well samotolisib works in treating patients with solid tumors, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, or histiocytic disorders with TSC or PI3K/MTOR mutations that have spread to other places in the body (metastatic) and have come back (recurrent) or do not respond to treatment (refractory). Samotolisib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.
Kenneth Desantes, M.D.
All
12 Months to 21 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03213678
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patient must have enrolled onto APEC1621SC and must have been given a treatment assignment to Molecular Analysis for Therapy Choice (MATCH) to APEC1621D based on the presence of an actionable mutation as defined in APEC1621SC; note that treatment assignment may be to primary cohort A for patients with TSC1 or TSC2 loss of function mutations or primary cohort B for patients with other PI3K/MTOR pathway mutations
• Patients accruing to dose level 1 must have a body surface area >= 0.52 m^2 at the time of study enrollment; patients accruing to dose level 2 must have a body surface area >= 0.37 m^2 at the time of study enrollment; patients accruing to dose level -1 must have a body surface area >= 0.75 m^2 at the time of study enrollment
• Patients must have radiographically measurable disease at the time of study enrollment; patients with neuroblastoma who do not have measurable disease but have metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) positive (+) evaluable disease are eligible; measurable disease in patients with CNS involvement is defined as any lesion that is at minimum 10 mm in one dimension on standard magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT)
• Note: The following do not qualify as measurable disease:
• Malignant fluid collections (e.g., ascites, pleural effusions)
• Bone marrow infiltration except that detected by MIBG scan for neuroblastoma
• Lesions only detected by nuclear medicine studies (e.g., bone, gallium or positron emission tomography [PET] scans) except as noted for neuroblastoma
• Elevated tumor markers in plasma or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
• Previously radiated lesions that have not demonstrated clear progression post radiation
• Leptomeningeal lesions that do not meet the measurement requirements for Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1
• Bone lesions without an associated soft tissue mass >= 10 mm in greatest diameter; bone lesions with an associated soft tissue mass >= 10 mm in greatest diameter imaged by CT or MRI are considered measurable
• Karnofsky >= 50% for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky >= 50 for patients =< 16 years of age; Note: neurologic deficits in patients with CNS tumors must have been stable for at least 7 days prior to study enrollment; patients who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score
• Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior anti-cancer therapy and must meet the following minimum duration from prior anti-cancer directed therapy prior to enrollment; if after the required timeframe, the numerical eligibility criteria are met, e.g. blood count criteria, the patient is considered to have recovered adequately
• Cytotoxic chemotherapy or other anti-cancer agents known to be myelosuppressive; >= 21 days after the last dose of cytotoxic or myelosuppressive chemotherapy (42 days if prior nitrosourea)
• Anti-cancer agents not known to be myelosuppressive (e.g. not associated with reduced platelet or absolute neutrophil count [ANC] counts): >= 7 days after the last dose of agent
• Antibodies: >= 21 days must have elapsed from infusion of last dose of antibody, and toxicity related to prior antibody therapy must be recovered to grade =< 1
• Corticosteroids: if used to modify immune adverse events related to prior therapy, >= 14 days must have elapsed since last dose of corticosteroid
• Hematopoietic growth factors: >= 14 days after the last dose of a long-acting growth factor (e.g. pegfilgrastim) or 7 days for short-acting growth factor; for growth factors that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur; the duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair and the study-assigned research coordinator
• Interleukins, interferons and cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth factors): >= 21 days after the completion of interleukins, interferon or cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth factors)
• Stem cell Infusions (with or without total body irradiation [TBI]):
• Allogeneic (non-autologous) bone marrow or stem cell transplant, or any stem cell infusion including donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) or boost infusion: >= 84 days after infusion and no evidence of graft versus host disease (GVHD)
• Autologous stem cell infusion including boost infusion: >= 42 days
• Cellular therapy: >= 42 days after the completion of any type of cellular therapy (e.g. modified T cells, natural killer [NK] cells, dendritic cells, etc.)
• Radiation therapy (XRT)/external beam irradiation including protons: >= 14 days after local XRT; >= 150 days after TBI, craniospinal XRT or if radiation to >= 50% of the pelvis; >= 42 days if other substantial bone marrow (BM) radiation
• Note: radiation may not be delivered to "measurable disease" tumor site(s) being used to follow response to subprotocol treatment
• Radiopharmaceutical therapy (e.g., radiolabeled antibody, iobenguane I-131 [131I-MIBG]): >= 42 days after systemically administered radiopharmaceutical therapy
• Patients must not have received prior exposure to LY3023414
• Patients must not have received prior exposure to an agent specifically directed at the PI3K/MTOR pathway (a PI3K inhibitor, an AKT inhibitor, an MTOR inhibitor, including rapalogs, or a combined PI3K/MTOR inhibitor)
• For patients with solid tumors without known bone marrow involvement:
• Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/mm^3
• Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 (transfusion independent, defined as not receiving platelet transfusions for at least 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Patients with known bone marrow metastatic disease will be eligible for study provided they meet the blood counts (may receive transfusions provided they are not known to be refractory to red cell or platelet transfusions); these patients will not be evaluable for hematologic toxicity
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 ml/min/1.73 m^2 or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows:
• Age: 1 to < 2 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 0.6; female 0.6
• Age: 2 to < 6 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 0.8; female 0.8
• Age: 6 to < 10 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 1; female 1
• Age: 10 to < 13 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 1.2; female 1.2
• Age: 13 to < 16 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 1.5; female 1.4
• Age: >= 16 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 1.7; female 1.4
• Bilirubin (sum of conjugated + unconjugated) =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
• Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 135 U/L; (for the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L)
• Serum albumin >= 2 g/dL
• Patients must have a normal blood sugar level for age; if an initial random draw (i.e. non-fasting) blood glucose value is out of range, it is acceptable to repeat this test as a fasting draw
• Patients must have a serum triglyceride level =< 300 mg/dL and serum cholesterol level =< 300 mg/dL; if an initial random draw (i.e. non-fasting) is out of range, it is acceptable to repeat this test as a fasting draw
• Patients with seizure disorder may be enrolled if on anticonvulsants and well controlled
• Nervous system disorders (by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 5.0 [CTCAE V 5.0]) resulting from prior therapy must be =< grade 2, with the exception of decreased tendon reflex (DTR); any grade of DTR is eligible
• Corrected QT (QTc) interval =< 480 milliseconds
• Patients must be able to swallow intact tablets
• All patients and/or their parents or legally authorized representatives must sign a written informed consent; assent, when appropriate, will be obtained according to institutional guidelines
Exclusion Criteria:

• Pregnant or breast-feeding women will not be entered on this study; pregnancy tests must be obtained in girls who are post-menarchal; males or females of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method while receiving study treatment and for 3 months after the last dose of LY3023414
• Concomitant medications
• Corticosteroids: patients receiving corticosteroids who have not been on a stable or decreasing dose of corticosteroid for at least 7 days prior to enrollment are not eligible; if used to modify immune adverse events related to prior therapy, >= 14 days must have elapsed since last dose of corticosteroid
• Investigational drugs: patients who are currently receiving another investigational drug are not eligible
• Anti-cancer agents: patients who are currently receiving other anti-cancer agents are not eligible
• Anti-GVHD agents post-transplant: patients who are receiving cyclosporine, tacrolimus or other agents to prevent graft-versus-host disease post bone marrow transplant are not eligible for this trial
• Patients who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible
• Patients who have insulin dependent diabetes are not eligible
• Patients who have received a prior solid organ transplantation are not eligible
• Patients with subependymal giant cell astrocytomas (SEGAs) are not eligible
• Patients who in the opinion of the investigator may not be able to comply with the safety monitoring requirements of the study are not eligible
Advanced Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Ann Arbor Stage III Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Ann Arbor Stage IV Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Malignant Glioma, Recurrent Ependymoma, Recurrent Ewing Sarcoma, Recurrent Glioma, Recurrent Hepatoblastoma, Recurrent Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis, Recurrent Malignant Germ Cell Tumor, Recurrent Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Recurrent Medulloblastoma, Recurrent Neuroblastoma, Recurrent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Recurrent Osteosarcoma, Recurrent Peripheral Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor, Recurrent Primary Central Nervous System Neoplasm, Recurrent Rhabdomyosarcoma, Recurrent Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Refractory Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis, Refractory Malignant Germ Cell Tumor, Refractory Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Refractory Neuroblastoma, Refractory Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Refractory Primary Central Nervous System Neoplasm, Rhabdoid Tumor, Stage III Osteosarcoma AJCC v7, Stage III Soft Tissue Sarcoma AJCC v7, Stage IV Osteosarcoma AJCC v7, Stage IV Soft Tissue Sarcoma AJCC v7, Stage IVA Osteosarcoma AJCC v7, Stage IVB Osteosarcoma AJCC v7, Wilms Tumor, Lip, Oral Cavity and Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestine, Colon, Rectum, Anus, Liver, Pancreas, Other Digestive Organ, Larynx, Lung, Other Respiratory and Intrathoracic Organs, Bones and Joints, Soft Tissue, Melanoma, Skin, Other Skin, Breast, Cervix, Corpus Uteri, Ovary, Other Female Genital, Prostate, Other Male Genital, Urinary Bladder, Kidney, Other Urinary, Eye and Orbit, Brain and Nervous System, Thyroid, Other Endocrine System, Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Multiple Myeloma, Lymphoid Leukemia, Myeloid and Monocytic Leukemia, Leukemia, other, Other Hematopoietic, Unknown Sites, Ill-Defined Sites, Anal, Bladder, Brain/Central Nervous System, Colon and Rectum, Endocrine cancers, Gastrointestinal cancers, other, Genitourinary cancers, other, Head and Neck, Hematologic cancers, other, Leukemia, Lymphoma, Melanoma/Skin cancer, Sarcoma, Uterus
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Targeted Therapy Directed by Genetic Testing in Treating Pediatric Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Advanced Solid Tumors, Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas, or Histiocytic Disorders (The Pediatric MATCH Screening Trial)

This Pediatric MATCH screening and multi-sub-study phase II trial studies how well treatment that is directed by genetic testing works in pediatric patients with solid tumors, non-Hodgkin lymphomas, or histiocytic disorders that have progressed following at least one line of standard systemic therapy and/or for which no standard treatment exists that has been shown to prolong survival. Genetic tests look at the unique genetic material (genes) of patients' tumor cells. Patients with genetic changes or abnormalities (mutations) may benefit more from treatment which targets their tumor's particular genetic mutation, and may help doctors plan better treatment for patients with solid tumors or non-Hodgkin lymphomas.
Kenneth Desantes, M.D.
All
12 Months to 21 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03155620
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Inclusion Criteria:

• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT ONTO APEC1621SC: Patients must be >= 12 months and =< 21 years of age at the time of study enrollment
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT ONTO APEC1621SC: Patients with recurrent or refractory solid tumors, including non-Hodgkin lymphomas, histiocytoses (e.g. langerhans cell histiocytosis [LCH], juvenile xanthogranuloma [JXG], histiocytic sarcoma), and central nervous system (CNS) tumors are eligible; patients must have had histologic verification of malignancy at original diagnosis or relapse except in patients with intrinsic brain stem tumors, optic pathway gliomas, or patients with pineal tumors and elevations of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or serum tumor markers including alpha-fetoprotein or beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG); in cases where patient enrolls prior to histologic confirmation of recurrent disease, patient is ineligible and should be withdrawn from study if histology fails to confirm recurrence; please note: Patients with Hodgkin lymphoma and plexiform neurofibroma are not eligible
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT ONTO APEC1621SC: Tumor Testing Requirement: Tumor sample availability requirement for stage 1 of Pediatric MATCH (patients enrolled from start of study in July 2017 through 12/31/21); Patients must have an formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor sample available for MATCH study testing from a biopsy or surgery that was performed at any point after initial tumor recurrence/progression, or be planned to have a procedure to obtain such a sample that is considered to be of potential benefit by the treating clinicians; a tumor sample from a clinically performed diagnostic (pre-treatment) biopsy will be acceptable for enrollment onto Pediatric MATCH only for children with high-grade gliomas of the brainstem (diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas) or thalamus
• Please note: Samples that have been decalcified using standardly utilized acid-based decalcification methods are not generally suitable for MATCH study testing; the nucleic acids will have been degraded in the decalcification process
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT ONTO APEC1621SC: Tumor molecular profiling report availability requirement for Stage 2 of Pediatric MATCH (patients enrolled starting 2022): In stage 2 of the study, no tumor samples will be submitted for centralized clinical tumor profiling; instead, a tumor molecular profiling report from a College of American Pathologists (CAP)/ Clinical Laboratory Improvements Amendments (CLIA)-approved testing laboratory must be submitted for review by the Molecular Review Committee (MRC)
• This molecular profiling must have been performed on a tumor sample that was obtained at any point after initial tumor recurrence/progression and must be accompanied by a pathology report for the same tumor specimen; a molecular profiling report for a diagnostic (pre-treatment) tumor sample will be acceptable for enrollment onto Pediatric MATCH only for children with high-grade gliomas of the brainstem (diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas) or thalamus. In the event that molecular profiling reports are available from multiple timepoints, the most recent report should be prioritized for study submission
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT ONTO APEC1621SC: Karnofsky >= 50% for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky >= 50 for patients =< 16 years of age); note: neurologic deficits in patients with central nervous system (CNS) tumors must have been stable for at least 7 days prior to study enrollment; patients who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR ENROLLMENT ONTO APEC1621SC: Patients must have radiographically measurable disease; measurable disease based on imaging obtained less than or equal to 56 days prior to enrollment; patients with neuroblastoma who do not have measurable disease but have metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) positive (+) evaluable disease are eligible; measurable disease in patients with CNS involvement is defined as any lesion that is at minimum 10 mm in one dimension on standard magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT)
• Note: The following do not qualify as measurable disease:
• Malignant fluid collections (e.g., ascites, pleural effusions)
• Bone marrow infiltration except that detected by MIBG scan for neuroblastoma
• Lesions only detected by nuclear medicine studies (e.g., bone, gallium or positron emission tomography [PET] scans) except as noted for neuroblastoma
• Elevated tumor markers in plasma or CSF
• Previously radiated lesions that have not demonstrated clear progression post radiation
• Leptomeningeal lesions that do not meet the measurement requirements for Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: NOTE: patient does not need to meet all subprotocol criteria at time of enrollment onto the APEC1621SC screening protocol, but will need to meet all criteria prior to enrollment on any assigned treatment subprotocol. Patients must be enrolled onto a subprotocol within 2 weeks (14 days) of treatment assignment
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Karnofsky >= 50% for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky >= 50 for patients =< 16 years of age); Note: neurologic deficits in patients with CNS tumors must have been stable for at least 7 days prior to study enrollment; patients who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: At the time of treatment with subprotocol specified therapy, the patients must have radiographically measurable disease; patients with neuroblastoma who do not have measurable disease but have MIBG+ evaluable are eligible; measurable disease in patients with CNS involvement is defined as any lesion that is at minimum 10 mm in one dimension on standard MRI or CT
• Note: The following do not qualify as measurable disease:
• Malignant fluid collections (e.g., ascites, pleural effusions)
• Bone marrow infiltration except that detected by MIBG scan for neuroblastoma
• Lesions only detected by nuclear medicine studies (e.g., bone, gallium or positron emission tomography [PET] scans) except as noted for neuroblastoma
• Elevated tumor markers in plasma or CSF
• Previously radiated lesions that have not demonstrated clear progression post radiation
• Leptomeningeal lesions that do not meet the measurement requirements for RECIST 1.1
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: At the time of enrollment onto a subprotocol, the following general criteria for initiation of therapy will be required:
• Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior anticancer therapy and must meet the following minimum duration from prior anticancer directed therapy prior to enrollment to the subprotocol; if after the required timeframe, the numerical eligibility criteria are met, e.g. blood count criteria, the patient is considered to have recovered adequately
• Cytotoxic chemotherapy or other anticancer agents known to be myelosuppressive: for agents not listed, the duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair and the study-assigned research coordinator prior to enrollment >= 21 days after the last dose of cytotoxic or myelosuppressive chemotherapy (42 days if prior nitrosourea)
• Anticancer agents not known to be myelosuppressive (e.g. not associated with reduced platelet or absolute neutrophil counts [ANC]): >= 7 days after the last dose of agent; for agents not listed, the duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair and the study-assigned research coordinator prior to enrollment
• Antibodies: >= 21 days must have elapsed from infusion of last dose of antibody, and toxicity related to prior antibody therapy must be recovered to grade =< 1
• Corticosteroids: If used to modify immune adverse events related to prior therapy, >= 14 days must have elapsed since last dose of corticosteroid
• Hematopoietic growth factors: >= 14 days after the last dose of a long-acting growth factor (e.g. Neulasta) or 7 days for short-acting growth factor; for agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur; the duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair and the study-assigned research coordinator
• Interleukins, interferons and cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth factors): >= 21 days after the completion of interleukins, interferon or cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth factors)
• Stem cell infusions (with or without total-body irradiation [TBI]):
• Allogeneic (non-autologous) bone marrow or stem cell transplant, or any stem cell infusion including donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) or boost infusion: >= 84 days after infusion and no evidence of graft versus host disease (GVHD)
• Autologous stem cell infusion including boost infusion: >= 42 days
• Cellular therapy: >= 42 days after the completion of any type of cellular therapy (e.g. modified T cells, natural killer (NK) cells, dendritic cells, etc.)
• X-ray therapy (XRT)/External Beam Irradiation including Protons: >= 14 days after local XRT; >= 150 days after TBI, craniospinal XRT or if radiation to >= 50% of the pelvis; >= 42 days if other substantial bone marrow (BM) radiation; note: radiation may not be delivered to "measurable disease" tumor site(s) being used to follow response to subprotocol treatment
• Radiopharmaceutical therapy (e.g., radiolabeled antibody, 131I-MIBG): >= 42 days after systemically administered radiopharmaceutical therapy
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: For patients with solid tumors without known bone marrow involvement:
• Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/mm^3
• Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 (transfusion independent, defined as not receiving platelet transfusions for at least 7 days prior to enrollment)
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Patients with known bone marrow metastatic disease will be eligible for study provided they meet the blood counts (may receive transfusions provided they are not known to be refractory to red cell or platelet transfusions); these patients will not be evaluable for hematologic toxicity
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 ml/min/1.73 m^2 or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows:
• Age: 1 to < 2 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 0.6; female 0.6
• Age: 2 to < 6 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 0.8; female 0.8
• Age: 6 to < 10 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 1; female 1
• Age: 10 to < 13 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 1.2; female 1.2
• Age: 13 to < 16 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 1.5; female 1.4
• Age: >= 16 years; maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL): male 1.7; female 1.4
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Bilirubin (sum of conjugated + unconjugated) =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine transferase [ALT]) =< 135 U/L (for the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L)
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Patients must be able to swallow intact capsules/tablets, unless otherwise specified in the subprotocol to which they are assigned
• GENERAL INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Agent specific limitations on prior therapy will be included with specific treatment subprotocols
Exclusion Criteria:

• GENERAL EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Pregnant or breast-feeding women will not be entered on this study due to risks of fetal and teratogenic adverse events as seen in animal/human studies, or because there is currently no available information regarding human fetal or teratogenic toxicities; pregnancy tests must be obtained in females who are post-menarchal; males or females of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method
• GENERAL EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Concomitant medications
• Corticosteroids: at the time of consent and enrollment to regimen specific subprotocols, patients receiving corticosteroids who have not been on a stable or decreasing dose of corticosteroid for at least 7 days prior to enrollment to the subprotocol will not be eligible; if used to modify immune adverse events related to prior therapy, >= 14 days must have elapsed since last dose of corticosteroid
• Investigational drugs: patients must meet criteria for prior therapy at the time of consent and enrollment to a subprotocol; other investigational agents may not be administered to patients while they are receiving study drug as part of a subprotocol
• Anticancer agents: patients must meet criteria for prior therapy at the time of consent and enrollment to a subprotocol; other investigational agents may not be administered to patients while they are receiving study drug as part of a subprotocol
• Anti-GVHD agents post-transplant: patients who are receiving cyclosporine, tacrolimus or other agents to prevent graft-versus-host disease post bone marrow transplant are not eligible
• GENERAL EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Patients who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible
• GENERAL EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Patients who have had a prior solid organ transplant are not eligible
• GENERAL EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR SUBPROTOCOLS: Additional agent specific criteria will be included with specific treatment subprotocols
Advanced Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Ann Arbor Stage III Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Ann Arbor Stage IV Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Histiocytic Sarcoma, Juvenile Xanthogranuloma, Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis, Malignant Glioma, Recurrent Childhood Rhabdomyosarcoma, Recurrent Ependymoma, Recurrent Ewing Sarcoma, Recurrent Glioma, Recurrent Hepatoblastoma, Recurrent Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis, Recurrent Malignant Germ Cell Tumor, Recurrent Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Recurrent Medulloblastoma, Recurrent Neuroblastoma, Recurrent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Recurrent Osteosarcoma, Recurrent Peripheral Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor, Recurrent Primary Central Nervous System Neoplasm, Recurrent Rhabdoid Tumor, Recurrent Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Refractory Ewing Sarcoma, Refractory Glioma, Refractory Hepatoblastoma, Refractory Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis, Refractory Malignant Germ Cell Tumor, Refractory Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Refractory Medulloblastoma, Refractory Neuroblastoma, Refractory Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Refractory Osteosarcoma, Refractory Peripheral Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor, Refractory Primary Central Nervous System Neoplasm, Refractory Rhabdoid Tumor, Refractory Rhabdomyosarcoma, Rhabdoid Tumor, Stage III Osteosarcoma AJCC v7, Stage III Soft Tissue Sarcoma AJCC v7, Stage IV Osteosarcoma AJCC v7, Stage IV Soft Tissue Sarcoma AJCC v7, Stage IVA Osteosarcoma AJCC v7, Stage IVB Osteosarcoma AJCC v7, Wilms Tumor, Lip, Oral Cavity and Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestine, Colon, Rectum, Anus, Liver, Pancreas, Other Digestive Organ, Larynx, Lung, Other Respiratory and Intrathoracic Organs, Bones and Joints, Soft Tissue, Melanoma, Skin, Other Skin, Breast, Cervix, Corpus Uteri, Ovary, Other Female Genital, Prostate, Other Male Genital, Urinary Bladder, Kidney, Other Urinary, Eye and Orbit, Brain and Nervous System, Thyroid, Other Endocrine System, Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Multiple Myeloma, Lymphoid Leukemia, Myeloid and Monocytic Leukemia, Leukemia, other, Other Hematopoietic, Unknown Sites, Ill-Defined Sites, Anal, Bladder, Brain/Central Nervous System, Colon and Rectum, Endocrine cancers, Gastrointestinal cancers, other, Genitourinary cancers, other, Head and Neck, Hematologic cancers, other, Leukemia, Lymphoma, Melanoma/Skin cancer, Sarcoma, Uterus
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Active Surveillance, Bleomycin, Etoposide, Carboplatin or Cisplatin in Treating Pediatric and Adult Patients With Germ Cell Tumors

This phase III trial studies how well active surveillance, bleomycin, etoposide, carboplatin or cisplatin work in treating pediatric and adult patients with germ cell tumors. Active surveillance may help doctors to monitor subjects with low risk germ cell tumors after their tumor is removed. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as bleomycin, carboplatin, etoposide, and cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. The trial studies whether carboplatin or cisplatin is the preferred chemotherapy to use in treating germ cell tumors.
Kenneth Desantes, M.D.
All
Not specified
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03067181
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Inclusion Criteria:

• There is no age limit for the low risk stratum (stage I ovarian immature teratoma and stage I non-seminoma or seminoma malignant GCT [all sites])
• Standard risk 1: Patient must be < 11 years of age at enrollment
• Standard risk 2: Patients must be >= 11 and < 25 years of age at enrollment
• Patients enrolling on one of the low risk arms must be newly diagnosed with a stage I germ cell tumor; for the standard risk arms, patients must be newly diagnosed with metastatic germ cell tumor (stage II or higher); histologic confirmation of a primary extracranial germ cell tumor in any of the categories outlined below is required of all patients at enrollment except for those who were initially diagnosed with stage I non-seminoma malignant GCT and later recur during observation post surgery off study; for these patients, if elevated tumor markers rise to > 5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) on at least 2 measurements taken at least 1 week apart, a diagnostic biopsy is not required for enrollment
• Low risk stage I immature teratoma (IT); site: ovarian; stage: Children's Oncology Group (COG) stage I, Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage IA and IB; grade: 2 or 3; histology: pure immature teratoma (may contain microscopic foci of yolk sac tumor), mixed immature and mature teratoma, (no pathological evidence of MGCT); tumor markers: alpha-FP =< 1,000 ng/mL, beta-HCG institutional normal; all ages
• Low risk stage I non-seminoma MGCT; site: ovarian, testicular, or extragonadal; stage: COG stage I, FIGO stage IA and IB, American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) testicular stage IA, IB and IS; histology: must contain at least one of the following: yolk sac tumor, embryonal carcinoma, or choriocarcinoma (pure or mixed); all ages
• Low risk stage I seminoma-MGCT; site: testicular; stage: COG stage I; AJCC testicular stage IA IB, and IS; histology: must contain at least one of the following: may contain immature/mature teratoma; may NOT contain yolk sac tumor, embryonal carcinoma, or choriocarcinoma; all ages
• Standard risk 1 (SR1); site: ovarian, testicular, or extragonadal; stage: COG stage II-IV, FIGO stage IC, FIGO stage II-IV (International Germ Cell Consensus Classification [IGCCC] criteria DO NOT apply); histology: must contain at least one of the following: yolk sac tumor, embryonal carcinoma, or choriocarcinoma; age (years) < 11
• Standard risk 2 (SR2)
• Site: ovarian; stage: COG stage II and III, FIGO stage IC, II and III; histology: must contain at least one of the following: yolk sac tumor, embryonal carcinoma, or choriocarcinoma; age (years) >= 11 and < 25
• Site: testicular; stage: COG stage II-IV, AJCC stage II, III, IGCCC good risk; histology: must contain at least one of the following: yolk sac tumor, embryonal carcinoma, or choriocarcinoma; tumor markers: must be IGCCC good risk; post op: alpha-FP < 1,000 ng/mL, beta-HCG < 5,000 IU/mL and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) < 3.0 x normal; age (years) >= 11 and < 25
• Site: extragonadal; stage: COG stage II; histology: must contain at least one of the following: yolk sac tumor, embryonal carcinoma, or choriocarcinoma; age (years) >= 11 and < 25
• Notes:
• IGCCC criteria only apply to SR2 patients with a testicular primary tumor
• Use post-op tumor marker levels to determine IGCCC risk group
• Stage 1 seminoma patients are not eligible for the standard risk arms of the study
• For the low risk stage I non-seminoma MGCT and the standard risk arms, components of yolk sac tumor, embryonal carcinoma, or choriocarcinoma can be mixed with other forms of GCT, such as seminoma or mature or immature teratoma; if yolk sac tumor is the only malignant component present, then it must be deemed by the pathologist to be greater than a "microscopic component" of yolk sac tumor
• Patients must have a performance status corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scores of 0, 1, 2 or 3; use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for patients =< 16 years of age
• Organ function requirements apply ONLY to patients who will receive chemotherapy (SR1 and SR2 patients)
• Adequate renal function defined as:
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 OR
• A serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows: (mg/dL)
• 1 month to < 6 months male: 0.4 female: 0.4
• 6 months to < 1 year male: 0.5 female: 0.5
• 1 to < 2 years male: 0.6 female: 0.6
• 2 to < 6 years male: 0.8 female: 0.8
• 6 to < 10 years male: 1 female: 1
• 10 to < 13 years male: 1.2 female: 1.2
• 13 to < 16 years: male: 1.5 female: 1.4
• >= 16 years male: 1.7 female: 1.4
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
• Serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) (aspartate aminotransferase [AST]) or serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) < 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age (for the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L)
• Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,000/mm^3 AND
• Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3
• Patients enrolling on the standard risk arms must be medically fit to receive protocol treatment and with no contraindications to protocol treatment
• Eligibility criteria to participate in the pilot study of the AYA-Hears instrument (patient reported outcomes [PROs] of ototoxicity) Note: participants in group 1 will not receive AGCT1531 protocol-directed therapy; all other AYA-HEARS patients must be enrolled on the AGCT1531 SR2 arm in order to participate
• >= 11 and < 25 years old at enrollment
• Able to fluently speak and read English
• Has received prior cisplatin- or carboplatin-based chemotherapy regimen for malignancy including diagnoses other than germ cell tumor
• Followed for cancer or survivorship care at one of the following institutions:
• Baylor College of Medicine/Dan L Duncan Comprehensive Cancer Center
• Dana Farber/Harvard Cancer Center
• Hospital for Sick Children
• Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario
• Oregon Health and Science University
• Seattle Children's Hospital
• Yale University
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients with any diagnoses not listed including:
• Stage I testicular cancer patients who have undergone primary RPLND (retroperitoneal lymph node dissection)
• Pure dysgerminoma
• Pure mature teratoma
• Pure immature teratoma COG stage I, grade I
• Pure immature teratoma COG stage I, grade 2,3 with alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) >= 1000 ng/mL
• Pure immature teratoma COG stage II
•IV or FIGO stage IC to IV
• "Poor risk" GCT (age >= 11 years old and COG stage IV ovarian, COG stage III or IV EG, or IGCCC intermediate or poor risk testicular), or
• Primary central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumor
• Germ cell tumor with somatic malignant transformation
• Spermatocytic seminoma
• Patients must have had no prior systemic therapy for the current cancer diagnosis
• Patients must have had no prior radiation therapy with the exception of CNS irradiation of brain metastases; (this exception only applies to SR1 patients; any patients over age 11 with distant metastases to brain [stage IV disease] would be considered poor risk and therefore not eligible for this trial)
• Patients with significant, pre-existing co-morbid respiratory disease that contraindicate the use of bleomycin are ineligible for the standard risk arms of the trial
• Female patients who are pregnant since fetal toxicities and teratogenic effects have been noted for several of the study drugs; a pregnancy test is required for female patients of childbearing potential; (this criteria applies ONLY to patients who will receive chemotherapy [SR1 and SR2 patients])
• Lactating females who plan to breastfeed their infants; (this criteria applies ONLY to patients who will receive chemotherapy [SR1 and SR2 patients])
• Sexually active patients of reproductive potential who have not agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of their study participation; (this criteria applies ONLY to patients who will receive chemotherapy [SR1 and SR2 patients])
Childhood Extracranial Germ Cell Tumor, Extragonadal Embryonal Carcinoma, Germ Cell Tumor, Malignant Germ Cell Tumor, Malignant Ovarian Teratoma, Stage I Ovarian Choriocarcinoma, Stage I Ovarian Embryonal Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage I Ovarian Teratoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage I Ovarian Yolk Sac Tumor AJCC v6 and v7, Stage I Testicular Choriocarcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage I Testicular Embryonal Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage I Testicular Seminoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage I Testicular Yolk Sac Tumor AJCC v6 and v7, Stage II Ovarian Choriocarcinoma, Stage II Ovarian Embryonal Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage II Ovarian Yolk Sac Tumor AJCC v6 and v7, Stage II Testicular Choriocarcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage II Testicular Embryonal Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage II Testicular Yolk Sac Tumor AJCC v6 and v7, Stage III Ovarian Choriocarcinoma, Stage III Ovarian Embryonal Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage III Ovarian Yolk Sac Tumor AJCC v6 and v7, Stage III Testicular Choriocarcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage III Testicular Embryonal Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage III Testicular Yolk Sac Tumor AJCC v6 and v7, Stage IV Ovarian Choriocarcinoma, Stage IV Ovarian Embryonal Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7, Stage IV Ovarian Yolk Sac Tumor AJCC v6 and v7, Testicular Mixed Choriocarcinoma and Embryonal Carcinoma, Testicular Mixed Choriocarcinoma and Teratoma, Testicular Mixed Choriocarcinoma and Yolk Sac Tumor, Lip, Oral Cavity and Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestine, Colon, Rectum, Anus, Liver, Pancreas, Other Digestive Organ, Larynx, Lung, Other Respiratory and Intrathoracic Organs, Bones and Joints, Soft Tissue, Other Skin, Breast, Cervix, Corpus Uteri, Ovary, Other Female Genital, Prostate, Other Male Genital, Urinary Bladder, Kidney, Other Urinary, Eye and Orbit, Thyroid, Other Endocrine System, Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Unknown Sites, Ill-Defined Sites, Anal, Bladder, Colon and Rectum, Endocrine cancers, Gastrointestinal cancers, other, Genitourinary cancers, other, Head and Neck, Lymphoma, Melanoma/Skin cancer, Sarcoma, Uterus
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Project: Every Child for Younger Patients With Cancer

This study gathers health information for the Project: Every Child for younger patients with cancer. Gathering health information over time from younger patients with cancer may help doctors find better methods of treatment and on-going care.
Kenneth Desantes, M.D.
All
up to 25 Years old
N/A
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT02402244
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Enrollment must occur within 6 months of initial disease presentation OR within 6 months of refractory disease, disease progression, disease recurrence, second or secondary malignancy, or post-mortem
• Patients previously enrolled on ACCRN07 are eligible to enroll on Tracking Outcome, Registry and Future Contact components of APEC14B1 any time after they reach age of majority
• Patients with a known or suspected neoplasm that occurs in the pediatric, adolescent or young adult populations are eligible for enrollment as follows:
• All cancer cases with an International Classification of Diseases for Oncology (ICD-O) histologic behavior code of two "2" (carcinoma in situ) or three "3" (malignant)
• All neoplastic lesions of the central nervous system regardless of behavior, i.e., benign, borderline or malignant
• The following other benign/borderline conditions:
• Mesoblastic nephroma
• Teratomas (mature and immature types)
• Myeloproliferative diseases including transient myeloproliferative disease
• Langerhans cell histiocytosis
• Lymphoproliferative diseases
• Desmoid tumors
• Gonadal stromal cell tumors
• Subjects must be =< 25 years of age at time of original diagnosis, except for patients who are being screened specifically for eligibility onto a COG (or COG participating National Clinical Trials Network [NCTN]) therapeutic study, for which there is a higher upper age limit
• All patients or their parents or legally authorized representatives must sign a written informed consent and agree to participate in at least one component of the study; parents will be asked to sign a separate consent for their own biospecimen submission
• If patients or their parents or legally authorized representatives have not signed the Part A subject consent form at the time of a diagnostic bone marrow procedure, it is recommended that they initially provide consent for drawing extra bone marrow using the Consent for Collection of Additional Bone Marrow; consent using the Part A subject consent form must be provided prior to any other procedures for eligibility screening or banking under APEC14B1
Carcinoma In Situ, Central Nervous System Neoplasm, Childhood Immature Teratoma, Childhood Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis, Childhood Mature Teratoma, Congenital Mesoblastic Nephroma, Desmoid Fibromatosis, Lymphoproliferative Disorder, Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Myeloproliferative Neoplasm, Stromal Neoplasm, Lip, Oral Cavity and Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestine, Colon, Rectum, Anus, Liver, Pancreas, Other Digestive Organ, Larynx, Lung, Other Respiratory and Intrathoracic Organs, Bones and Joints, Soft Tissue, Melanoma, Skin, Other Skin, Breast, Cervix, Corpus Uteri, Ovary, Other Female Genital, Prostate, Other Male Genital, Urinary Bladder, Kidney, Other Urinary, Eye and Orbit, Brain and Nervous System, Thyroid, Other Endocrine System, Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Lymphoid Leukemia, Myeloid and Monocytic Leukemia, Leukemia, other, Other Hematopoietic, Unknown Sites, Ill-Defined Sites, Any Site, Anal, Bladder, Brain/Central Nervous System, Colon and Rectum, Endocrine cancers, Gastrointestinal cancers, other, Genitourinary cancers, other, Head and Neck, Hematologic cancers, other, Leukemia, Lymphoma, Melanoma/Skin cancer, Sarcoma, Uterus
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Neuropsychological and Behavioral Testing in Younger Patients With Cancer

This research trial studies neuropsychological (learning, remembering or thinking) and behavioral outcomes in children and adolescents with cancer by collecting information over time from a series of tests.
Kenneth Desantes, M.D.
All
1 Month and over
N/A
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT00772200
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Inclusion Criteria:

• The patient must be currently be enrolled or plan to be enrolled on a COG therapeutic study that aims to examine neuropsychological, social, emotional, and/or behavioral functioning
• The patient must have receptive and expressive language skills in English, French, or Spanish; if a patient meets these criteria but the parent/guardian speaks a language other than English, French, or Spanish, the patient may still be enrolled and tested, and the parent-report measures should be omitted
• All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent
• All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients with a history of moderate to profound intellectual disability (i.e. intelligence quotient [IQ] =< 55) are not eligible for enrollment; PLEASE NOTE: Children with a prior history of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or a specific learning disability (e.g., dyslexia) are eligible for this study
Childhood Malignant Neoplasm, Brain and Nervous System, Lymphoid Leukemia, Brain/Central Nervous System, Leukemia
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Genetic Analysis in Identifying Late-Occurring Complications in Childhood Cancer Survivors

This clinical trial studies cancer survivors to identify those who are at increased risk of developing late-occurring complications after undergoing treatment for childhood cancer. A patient's genes may affect the risk of developing complications, such as congestive heart failure, avascular necrosis, stroke, and second cancer, years after undergoing cancer treatment. Genetic studies may help doctors identify survivors of childhood cancer who are more likely to develop late complications.
Kenneth Desantes, M.D.
All
up to 99 Years old
N/A
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT00082745
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Inclusion Criteria:

• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA
•CASES
• Diagnosis of primary cancer at age 21 or younger, irrespective of current age
• No prior history of allogeneic (non-autologous) hematopoietic cell transplant
• Development of one of the following key adverse events at any time following initiation of cancer therapy:
• Cardiac dysfunction; please note: case enrollment has been closed due to achievement of target accrual
• Ischemic stroke (IS)
• Subsequent malignant neoplasm (SMN)
• Avascular necrosis (AVN); please note: case enrollment has been closed due to achievement of target accrual
• Submission of a blood specimen (or in certain cases a saliva specimen) to the Coordinating Center at the University of Alabama at Birmingham as per the requirements; please note: if a patient is currently receiving active cancer treatment, it is preferable to obtain the blood sample at a time when the patient's white blood cell (WBC) is > 2,000
• Written informed consent from the patient and/or the patient's legally authorized guardian
• In active follow up by a COG institution; active follow up will be defined as date of last visit or contact by a COG institution within the past 24 months; any type of contact, including contact specifically for participation in ALTE03N1, qualifies as active follow-up; please note: treatment on a COG (or legacy group) therapeutic protocol for the primary cancer is NOT required
• ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA
•CONTROLS
• CONTROL: Diagnosis of primary cancer at age 21 or younger, irrespective of current age
• CONTROLS: No prior history of allogeneic (non-autologous) hematopoietic cell transplant
• CONTROLS: No clinical evidence of any of the following key adverse events:
• Cardiac dysfunction (CD); please note: if a patient is currently receiving active cancer treatment, it is preferable to obtain the blood sample at a time when the patient's WBC is > 2,000
• Ischemic stroke (IS)
• Avascular necrosis (AVN)
• Subsequent malignant neoplasm (SMN)
• CONTROLS: Submission of a blood specimen (or in certain cases a saliva specimen) to the Coordinating Center Laboratory at the University of Alabama at Birmingham as per the requirements
• CONTROLS: Written informed consent from the patient and/or the patient's legally authorized guardian
• CONTROLS: In active follow up by a COG institution; active follow up will be defined as date of last visit or contact by a COG institution within the past 24 months; any type of contact, including contact specifically for participation in ALTE03N1, qualifies as active follow-up; please note: treatment on a COG (or legacy group) therapeutic protocol for the primary cancer is NOT required
Childhood Malignant Neoplasm, Lip, Oral Cavity and Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestine, Colon, Rectum, Anus, Liver, Pancreas, Other Digestive Organ, Larynx, Lung, Other Respiratory and Intrathoracic Organs, Bones and Joints, Soft Tissue, Melanoma, Skin, Kaposi's Sarcoma, Other Skin, Breast, Cervix, Corpus Uteri, Ovary, Other Female Genital, Prostate, Other Male Genital, Urinary Bladder, Kidney, Other Urinary, Eye and Orbit, Brain and Nervous System, Thyroid, Other Endocrine System, Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Multiple Myeloma, Lymphoid Leukemia, Myeloid and Monocytic Leukemia, Leukemia, other, Leukemia, not otherwise specified, Other Hematopoietic, Ill-Defined Sites, Other
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X-linked Hypophosphatemia Disease Monitoring Program

The objectives of this observational study are to characterize XLH disease presentation and progression and to assess long-term effectiveness and safety of burosumab.
Neil Paloian
All
Not specified
III/IV
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03651505
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Willing and able to provide informed consent or, in the case of patients under the age of 18 years (or 16 years, depending on the region), provide assent (if required) and informed consent by a legally authorized representative after the nature of the study has been explained, and prior to any research-related procedures.
• Clinical diagnosis of XLH based on family history, OR confirmed PHEX mutation, OR biochemical profile consistent with XLH.
• Willing and able to comply with the study visit schedule and study procedures.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Concurrent enrollment in an Ultragenyx-sponsored clinical trial is NOT permitted.
• Serious medical or psychiatric comorbidity.
• Less than one year of life expectancy.
X-linked Hypophosphatemia, Hypophosphatemic Rickets, Familial hypophosphatemia, Kidney Disease & Urinary, Children's & Adolescent Health
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Flourish™ Pediatric Esophageal Atresia

This study is continued evaluation of the safety and probable benefit of the Flourish Pediatric Esophageal Atresia device through the Humanitarian Device Exemption (HDE) pathway.
Charles Leys
All
up to 12 Months old
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03615495
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Inclusion Criterion:
• Patient treated for esophageal atresia with Flourish device starting May 12, 2017
Other diseases of esophagus, Children's & Adolescent Health, Digestive Health & Liver Disease, Esophageal Atresia, Digestive System Abnormalities, Esophageal Disorders Congenital
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Tipifarnib for the Treatment of Advanced Solid Tumors, Lymphoma, or Histiocytic Disorders With HRAS Gene Alterations, a Pediatric MATCH Treatment Trial

This phase II pediatric MATCH trial studies how well tipifarnib works in treating patients with solid tumors that have recurred or spread to other places in the body (advanced), lymphoma, or histiocytic disorders, that have a genetic alteration in the gene HRAS. Tipifarnib may block the growth of cancer cells that have specific genetic changes in a gene called HRAS and may reduce tumor size.
Kenneth Desantes, M.D.
All
12 Months to 21 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04284774
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patient must have enrolled onto APEC1621SC and must have been given a treatment assignment to MATCH to APEC1621M based on the presence of an actionable mutation as defined in APEC1621SC
• Patients must have a body surface area >= 0.29 m^2 at enrollment
• Patients must have radiographically measurable disease at the time of study enrollment. Patients with neuroblastoma who do not have measurable disease but have metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) positive (+) evaluable disease are eligible. Measurable disease in patients with CNS involvement is defined as any lesion that is at minimum 10 mm in one dimension on standard magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT)
• Note: The following do not qualify as measurable disease:
• Malignant fluid collections (e.g., ascites, pleural effusions)
• Bone marrow infiltration except that detected by MIBG scan for neuroblastoma
• Lesions only detected by nuclear medicine studies (e.g., bone, gallium or positron emission tomography [PET] scans) except as noted for neuroblastoma
• Elevated tumor markers in plasma or cerebral spinal fluid (CSF)
• Previously radiated lesions that have not demonstrated clear progression post radiation
• Leptomeningeal lesions that do not meet the measurement requirements for Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1
• Karnofsky >= 50 for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky >= 50 for patients =< 16 years of age. Note: Neurologic deficits in patients with CNS tumors must have been relatively stable for at least 7 days prior to study enrollment. Patients who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score
• Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior anti-cancer therapy and must meet the following minimum duration from prior anti-cancer directed therapy prior to enrollment. If after the required timeframe, the numerical eligibility criteria are met, e.g. blood count criteria, the patient is considered to have recovered adequately
• Cytotoxic chemotherapy or other anti-cancer agents known to be myelosuppressive.
• >= 21 days after the last dose of cytotoxic or myelosuppressive chemotherapy (42 days if prior nitrosourea)
• Anti-cancer agents not known to be myelosuppressive (e.g. not associated with reduced platelet or absolute neutrophil count [ANC] counts): >= 7 days after the last dose of agent.
• Antibodies: >= 21 days must have elapsed from infusion of last dose of antibody, and toxicity related to prior antibody therapy must be recovered to grade =< 1
• Corticosteroids: If used to modify immune adverse events related to prior therapy, >= 14 days must have elapsed since last dose of corticosteroid
• Hematopoietic growth factors: >= 14 days after the last dose of a long-acting growth factor (e.g. pegfilgrastim) or 7 days for short-acting growth factor. For growth factors that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur. The duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair and the study-assigned research coordinator
• Interleukins, interferons and cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth factors): >= 21 days after the completion of interleukins, interferon or cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth factors)
• Stem cell infusions (with or without total body irradiation [TBI]):
• Allogeneic (non-autologous) bone marrow or stem cell transplant, or any stem cell infusion including donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) or boost infusion: >= 84 days after infusion and no evidence of graft versus host disease (GVHD)
• Autologous stem cell infusion including boost infusion: >= 42 days
• Cellular therapy: >= 42 days after the completion of any type of cellular therapy (e.g. modified T cells, natural killer [NK] cells, dendritic cells, etc.)
• Radiation therapy (XRT)/external beam irradiation including protons: >= 14 days after local XRT; >= 150 days after TBI, craniospinal XRT or if radiation to >= 50% of the pelvis; >= 42 days if other substantial bone marrow (BM) radiation
• Note: Radiation may not be delivered to "measurable disease" tumor site(s) being used to follow response to subprotocol treatment
• Radiopharmaceutical therapy (e.g., radiolabeled antibody, 131I-MIBG): >= 42 days after systemically administered radio-pharmaceutical therapy
• Patients must not have received prior exposure to tipifarnib
• For patients with solid tumors without known bone marrow involvement (within 7 days prior to enrollment):
• Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/mm^3
• For patients with solid tumors without known bone marrow involvement (within 7 days prior to enrollment):
• Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 (transfusion independent, defined as not receiving platelet transfusions for at least 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Patients with known bone marrow metastatic disease will be eligible for study provided they meet the blood counts (may receive transfusions provided they are not known to be refractory to red cell or platelet transfusions). These patients will not be evaluable for hematologic toxicity
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 ml/min/1.73 m^2 (within 7 days prior to enrollment) or
• A serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows (within 7 days prior to enrollment):
• Age: Maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL)
• 1 to < 2 years: male (0.6), female (0.6)
• 2 to < 6 years: male (0.8), female (0.8)
• 6 to < 10 years: male (1), female (1)
• 10 to < 13 years: male (1.2), female (1.2)
• 13 to < 16 years: male (1.5), female (1.4)
• >= 16 years: male (1.7), female (1.4)
• Bilirubin (sum of conjugated + unconjugated) =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age (within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 135 U/L. (For the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L.) (within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Serum albumin >= 2 g/dL (within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• Patients with seizure disorder may be enrolled if on anticonvulsants and well controlled
• Nervous system disorders (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] version [v] 5.0) resulting from prior therapy must be =< grade 2
• Patients must be able to swallow intact tablets or crushed tablets mixed in water, orange juice, apple juice, tomato juice, ginger ale, applesauce, yogurt, protein shake, or a dietary supplement drink (such as Ensure). Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG)-tube or nasogastric tube administration is permitted
• All patients and/or their parents or legally authorized representatives must sign a written informed consent. Assent, when appropriate, will be obtained according to institutional guidelines
Exclusion Criteria:

• Pregnant or breast-feeding women will not be entered on this study due to risks of fetal and teratogenic adverse events as seen in animal/human studies. Pregnancy tests must be obtained in girls who are post-menarchal. Males or females of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use two effective contraceptive methods for the duration of study treatment. Both female subjects and male subjects with female partners of child-bearing potential must agree to use a highly effective method of contraception for 2 weeks prior to protocol therapy, during, and at least 4 weeks after last dose of tipifarnib. In addition, since tipifarnib could induce toxicity of male reproductive organs and cause impairment of fertility, sperm cryopreservation should be recommended for male subjects wishing to preserve their fertility following tipifarnib treatment
• Patients receiving corticosteroids who have not been on a stable or decreasing dose of corticosteroid for at least 7 days prior to enrollment are not eligible. If used to modify immune adverse events related to prior therapy, >= 14 days must have elapsed since last dose of corticosteroid
• Patients who are currently receiving another investigational drug are not eligible
• Patients who are currently receiving other anti-cancer agents are not eligible
• Patients who are receiving cyclosporine, tacrolimus or other agents to prevent graft-versus-host disease post bone marrow transplant are not eligible for this trial
• Patients who are currently receiving drugs that are strong inducers or inhibitors of CYP3A4/5 or UGT are not eligible. Strong inducers or inhibitors of CYP3A4/5 or UGT should be avoided from 14 days prior to the 1st dose of tipifarnib to the end of the study. In addition, patients receiving agents that are sensitive or narrow therapeutic range substrates of CYP3A4/5 are not eligible. Note: CYP3A4/5 inducing anti-epileptic drugs and dexamethasone for CNS tumors or metastases, on a stable dose, are allowed
• Patients with known hypersensitivity to tipifarnib or any components of the tablet are not eligible
• Patients with hypersensitivity to imidazoles, such as clotrimazole, ketoconazole, miconazole and others in this drug class are not eligible
• Patients who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible
• Patients who have received a prior solid organ transplantation are not eligible
• Patients who in the opinion of the investigator may not be able to comply with the safety monitoring requirements of the study are not eligible
Malignant Solid Neoplasm, Recurrent Adrenal Gland Pheochromocytoma, Recurrent Ectomesenchymoma, Recurrent Ependymoma, Recurrent Ewing Sarcoma, Recurrent Hepatoblastoma, Recurrent Kidney Wilms Tumor, Recurrent Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis, Recurrent Malignant Germ Cell Tumor, Recurrent Malignant Glioma, Recurrent Medulloblastoma, Recurrent Melanoma, Recurrent Neuroblastoma, Recurrent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Recurrent Osteosarcoma, Recurrent Peripheral Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor, Recurrent Rhabdoid Tumor, Recurrent Rhabdoid Tumor of the Kidney, Recurrent Rhabdomyosarcoma, Recurrent Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Recurrent Thyroid Gland Carcinoma, Recurrent WHO Grade 2 Glioma, Refractory Adrenal Gland Pheochromocytoma, Refractory Ependymoma, Refractory Ewing Sarcoma, Refractory Hepatoblastoma, Refractory Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis, Refractory Malignant Germ Cell Tumor, Refractory Malignant Glioma, Refractory Medulloblastoma, Refractory Melanoma, Refractory Neuroblastoma, Refractory Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Refractory Osteosarcoma, Refractory Peripheral Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor, Refractory Rhabdoid Tumor, Refractory Rhabdoid Tumor of the Kidney, Refractory Rhabdomyosarcoma, Refractory Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Refractory Thyroid Gland Carcinoma, Refractory WHO Grade 2 Glioma, Lip, Oral Cavity and Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestine, Colon, Rectum, Anus, Liver, Pancreas, Other Digestive Organ, Larynx, Lung, Other Respiratory and Intrathoracic Organs, Bones and Joints, Soft Tissue, Melanoma, Skin, Kaposi's Sarcoma, Mycosis Fungoides, Other Skin, Breast, Cervix, Corpus Uteri, Ovary, Other Female Genital, Prostate, Other Male Genital, Urinary Bladder, Kidney, Other Urinary, Eye and Orbit, Brain and Nervous System, Thyroid, Other Endocrine System, Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Multiple Myeloma, Lymphoid Leukemia, Myeloid and Monocytic Leukemia, Leukemia, other, Other Hematopoietic, Unknown Sites, Ill-Defined Sites, Any Site, Anal, Bladder, Brain/Central Nervous System, Colon and Rectum, Endocrine cancers, Gastrointestinal cancers, other, Genitourinary cancers, other, Head and Neck, Hematologic cancers, other, Leukemia, Lymphoma, Melanoma/Skin cancer, Sarcoma, Uterus
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Dabrafenib Combined With Trametinib After Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Newly-Diagnosed High-Grade Glioma

This phase II trial studies how well the combination of dabrafenib and trametinib works after radiation therapy in children and young adults with high grade glioma who have a genetic change called BRAF V600 mutation. Radiation therapy uses high energy rays to kill tumor cells and reduce the size of tumors. Dabrafenib and trametinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking BRAF and MEK, respectively, which are enzymes that tumor cells need for their growth. Giving dabrafenib with trametinib after radiation therapy may work better than treatments used in the past in patients with newly-diagnosed BRAF V600-mutant high-grade glioma.
Kenneth Desantes, M.D.
All
12 Months to 21 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03919071
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Inclusion Criteria:

• PRE-ENROLLMENT ELIGIBILITY SCREENING (STEP 0): Patients must be >= 12 months and =< 21 years of age at the time of enrollment on Step 0
• Note: This age range encompasses pre-screening for all HGG patients. Individual treatment protocols may have different age criteria
• PRE-ENROLLMENT ELIGIBILITY SCREENING (STEP 0): Patient is suspected of having localized newly-diagnosed HGG, excluding metastatic disease
• PRE-ENROLLMENT ELIGIBILITY SCREENING (STEP 0): Patient and/or their parents or legal guardians have signed informed consent for eligibility screening on APEC14B1 Part A.
• PRE-ENROLLMENT ELIGIBILITY SCREENING (STEP 0): The specimens obtained at the time of diagnostic biopsy or surgery must be submitted through APEC14B1 as soon as possible (ASAP), preferably within 5 calendar days of the procedure. Please note: See the APEC14B1 Manual of Procedures for a full list of detailed instructions for submitting required materials and for shipping details
• Patients must be >= 3 years and =< 21 years of age at the time of enrollment
• Patients must have eligibility confirmed by Rapid Central Pathology and Molecular Screening Reviews performed on APEC14B1
• Newly diagnosed high-grade glioma with BRAF^V600-mutation
• Results for H3 K27M by immunohistochemistry (IHC) or sequencing
• Histologically confirmed high-grade glioma (World Health Organization [WHO] grade III or IV) including but not limited to: anaplastic astrocytoma (AA), anaplastic pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma (aPXA), anaplastic gangliogliomas (aGG), glioblastoma (GB), and high-grade astrocytoma, not otherwise specified (NOS)
• Patients must have had histologic verification of a high-grade glioma diagnosis. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology by lumbar puncture must be done if clinically indicated and determined to be safe prior to study enrollment. If cytology proves positive, the patient would be considered to have metastatic disease and would, therefore, be ineligible.
• A pre- and post-operative brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with and without contrast and a baseline spine MRI with contrast must be obtained prior to enrollment. The requirement for a post-operative MRI is waived for patients who undergo biopsy only. If the spine MRI is positive, the patient would be considered to have metastatic disease and would be ineligible.
• Patients must have a performance status corresponding to Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scores of 0, 1, or 2. Use Karnofsky for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky for patients =< 16 years of age.
• Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/uL (within 7 days prior to enrollment).
• Platelet count >= 100,000/uL (transfusion independent) (within 7 days prior to enrollment).
• Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dL (may receive red blood cell [RBC] transfusions) (within 7 days prior to enrollment).
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 (within 7 days prior to enrollment) or
• A serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows (within 7 days prior to enrollment):
• Age 3 to < 6 years (Male 0.8 mg/dL, Female 0.8 mg/dL)
• Age 6 to < 10 years (Male 1 mg/dL, Female 1 mg/dL)
• Age 10 to < 13 years (Male 1.2 mg/dL, Female 1.2 mg/dL)
• Age 13 to 16 < years (Male 1.5 mg/dL, Female 1.4 mg/dL)
• Age >= 16 years (Male 1.7 mg/dL, Female 1.4 mg/dL)
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age (within 7 days prior to enrollment), and
• Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 135 U/L (within 7 days prior to enrollment). For the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L.
• Patients with a seizure disorder may be enrolled if their seizures are well controlled while on non-enzyme inducing anticonvulsants permitted on this study.
• Patients must be enrolled and protocol therapy must be projected to begin no later than 31 days after definitive surgery (day 0). If a biopsy only was performed, the biopsy date will be considered the date of definitive surgery. For patients who have a biopsy or incomplete resection at diagnosis followed by additional surgery, the date of the last resection will be considered the date of definitive surgery.
• All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent.
• All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients with intrinsic brainstem or primary spinal cord tumors will be excluded.
• Patients with metastatic disease (defined as neuraxis dissemination either by imaging or by cytology) will be excluded.
• Patients must not have received any prior tumor-directed therapy including chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, or bone marrow transplant for the treatment of HGG other than surgical intervention and/or corticosteroids.
• Previous treatment with dabrafenib or another RAF inhibitor, trametinib or another MEK inhibitor, or an ERK inhibitor.
• Patients with a history of a malignancy with confirmed activating RAS mutation.
• History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to dabrafenib, trametinib, and their excipients.
• Uncontrolled medical conditions (e.g., diabetes mellitus, hypertension, liver disease, or uncontrolled infection), psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical conditions that do not permit compliance with the protocol; or unwillingness or inability to follow the procedures required in the protocol.
• Presence of active gastrointestinal (GI) disease or other condition (e.g., small bowel or large bowel resection) that will interfere significantly with the absorption of drugs.
• History of hepatitis B virus, or hepatitis C virus infection (patients with laboratory evidence of cleared hepatitis B virus and/or hepatitis C virus may be enrolled).
• History or current diagnosis of cardiac disease indicating significant risk of safety for patients participating in the study such as uncontrolled or significant cardiac disease, including any of the following:
• Recent myocardial infarction (within the last 6 months);
• Uncontrolled congestive heart failure;
• Unstable angina (within last 6 months);
• Clinically significant (symptomatic) or known, uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmias (e.g., sustained ventricular tachycardia, and clinically significant second or third degree atrioventricular [AV] block without a pacemaker) except sinus arrhythmia within the past 24 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment;
• Coronary angioplasty or stenting (within last 6 months);
• Intra-cardiac defibrillators;
• Abnormal cardiac valve morphology (>= grade 2) documented by echocardiogram.
• Patients with a history or current evidence of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) or central serous retinopathy (CSR), or predisposing factors to RVO or CSR (e.g., uncontrolled glaucoma or ocular hypertension).
• Patients with presence of interstitial lung disease or pneumonitis.
• Female patients who are pregnant are ineligible since there is yet no available information regarding human fetal or teratogenic toxicities.
• Lactating females are not eligible unless they have agreed not to breastfeed their infants for the duration of the study and for 4 months following discontinuation of study therapy.
• Female patients of childbearing potential are not eligible unless a negative pregnancy test result has been obtained.
• Sexually active patients of reproductive potential (male or female) are not eligible unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of their study participation and for 4 months following discontinuation of study therapy. Male patients (including those who have had a vasectomy) taking dabrafenib and trametinib combination therapy must use a condom during intercourse while on study and for 16 weeks after stopping treatment, and should not father a child during these periods. Women of childbearing potential should use effective non-hormonal contraception during therapy and for 4 weeks following discontinuation of dabrafenib and at least 4 months following the last dose of trametinib in patients taking combination therapy. Women should be advised that dabrafenib may decrease the efficacy of hormonal contraceptives and an alternate method of contraception, such as barrier methods, should be used.
Anaplastic Astrocytoma, Anaplastic Astrocytoma, Not Otherwise Specified, Anaplastic Ganglioglioma, Anaplastic Pleomorphic Xanthoastrocytoma, Glioblastoma, Malignant Glioma, WHO Grade 3 Glioma, Brain and Nervous System, Brain/Central Nervous System
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Study to Evaluate Biological & Clinical Effects of Significantly Corrected CFTR Function in Infants & Young Children (BEGIN)

This is a two-part, multi-center, prospective longitudinal, exploratory study of highly effective cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) modulators and their impact on children with cystic fibrosis (CF).
Michael Rock, MD
All
up to 5 Years old
NA
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04509050
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Part A:
• Less than 5 years of age at the first study visit.
• Documentation of a CF diagnosis. Part B:
• Participated in Part A OR less than 6 years of age at the first study visit.
• Documentation of a CF diagnosis.
• CFTR mutations consistent with FDA labeled indication of highly effective modulator therapy (ivacaftor or elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor).
• Physician intent to prescribe ivacaftor or elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Part A and Part B: Use of an investigational drug within 28 days prior to and including the first study visit. Use of ivacaftor or elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor within the 180 days prior to and including the first study visit. Use of chronic oral corticosteroids within the 28 days prior to and including the first study visit.
Cystic fibrosis, Children's & Adolescent Health, Cystic Fibrosis
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A Study Assessing the Safety and Efficacy of Dextenza® for the Treatment of Ocular Pain and Inflammation Following Surgery for Pediatric Cataract

To assess the safety of Dextenza compared to an active control, prednisolone acetate suspension, for the treatment of postoperative pain and inflammation following ocular surgery for pediatric cataract.
Michael Struck, MD
All
up to 3 Years old
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04539548
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Pediatric cataract diagnosis
• Subject is >0
•3 years of age
Exclusion Criteria:

• Any intraocular inflammation in the study eye
• Ocular hypertension or glaucoma
• Evidence of acute external ocular infections
Cataract, Cataract in diseases classified elsewhere, Children's & Adolescent Health, Eye & Vision
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A Study to Compare Early Use of Vinorelbine and Maintenance Therapy for Patients With High Risk Rhabdomyosarcoma

This phase III trial compares the safety and effect of adding vinorelbine to vincristine, dactinomycin, and cyclophosphamide (VAC) for the treatment of patients with high risk rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS). High risk refers to cancer that is likely to recur (come back) after treatment or spread to other parts of the body. This study will also examine if adding maintenance therapy after VAC therapy, with or without vinorelbine, will help get rid of the cancer and/or lower the chance that the cancer comes back. Vinorelbine and vincristine are in a class of medications called vinca alkaloids. Dactinomycin is a type of antibiotic that is only used in cancer chemotherapy. Cyclophosphamide is in a class of medications called alkylating agents. Vinorelbine, vincristine, dactinomycin and cyclophosphamide are chemotherapy medications that work by slowing or stopping the growth of cancer cells in the body. This trial may have the potential to eliminate rhabdomyosarcoma for a long time or for the rest of patient's life.
Kenneth Desantes, M.D.
All
up to 50 Years old
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04994132
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients must be =< 50 years of age at the time of enrollment
• Patients with newly diagnosed RMS of any subtype, except adult-type pleomorphic, based upon institutional histopathologic classification are eligible to enroll on the study based upon Stage, Group, and age, as below. FOXO1 fusion status must be determined by week 4 (day 28) of therapy. RMS types included under embryonal RMS (ERMS) include those classified in the 1995 International Classification of Rhabdomyosarcoma (ICR) as ERMS (classic, spindle cell, and botryoid variants), which are reclassified in the 2020 World Health Organization (WHO) Classification as ERMS (classic, dense and botryoid variants) and spindle cell/sclerosing RMS (encompassing the historical spindle cell ERMS variant and the newly recognized sclerosing RMS variant). Classification of alveolar RMS (ARMS) in the 2020 WHO Classification is the same as in the ICR and includes classic and solid variants
• ERMS
• Stage 4, group IV, >= 10 years of age
• ARMS
• Stage 4, group IV Patients will be eligible to remain on protocol therapy based upon stage, group, and age
• Bone marrow metastatic disease is based on morphologic evidence of RMS based on hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) stains. In the absence of morphologic evidence of marrow involvement on H&E, patients with bone marrow involvement detected ONLY by flow cytometry, reverse transcriptase (RT)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR), fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), or immunohistochemistry will NOT be considered to have clinical bone marrow involvement for the purposes of this study
• Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows (must be performed within 7 days prior to enrollment):
• Age; Maximum serum creatinine (mg/dL)
• 1 month to < 6 months; 0.4 mg/dL (male); 0.4 mg/dL (female)
• 6 months to < 1 year; 0.5 mg/dL (male); 0.5 mg/dL (female)
• 1 to < 2 years; 0.6 mg/dL (male); 0.6 mg/dL (female)
• 2 to < 6 years; 0.8 mg/dL (male); 0.8 mg/dL (female)
• 6 to < 10 years; 1 mg/dL (male); 1 mg/dL (female)
• 10 to < 13 years; 1.2 mg/dL (male); 1.2 mg/dL (female)
• 13 to < 16 years; 1.5 mg/dL (male); 1.4 mg/dL (female)
• >= 16 years; 1.7 mg/dL (male); 1.4 mg/dL (female)
• Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age (must be performed within 7 days prior to enrollment)
• If there is evidence of biliary obstruction by tumor, then total bilirubin must be < 3 x ULN for age
• All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent
• All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients with evidence of uncontrolled infection are not eligible
• RMS that is considered a second malignancy and previous cancer(s) that were treated with chemotherapy and/or radiation. Surgical resection alone of previous cancer(s) is allowed
• Patients with central nervous system involvement of RMS as defined below:
• Malignant cells detected in cerebrospinal fluid
• Intra-parenchymal brain metastasis separate and distinct from primary tumor (i.e., direct extension from parameningeal primary tumors is allowed).
• Diffuse leptomeningeal disease
• Patients who have received any chemotherapy (excluding steroids) and/or radiation therapy for RMS prior to enrollment.
• Note: the following exception:
• Patients requiring emergency radiation therapy for RMS. These patients are eligible, provided they are consented to ARST2031 prior to administration of radiation
• Note: Patients who have received or are receiving chemotherapy or radiation for non-malignant conditions (e.g. autoimmune diseases) are eligible. Patients must discontinue chemotherapy for non-malignant conditions prior to starting protocol therapy
• Vincristine and vinorelbine are sensitive substrates of CYP450 3A4 isozyme. Patients must not have received drugs that are moderate to strong CYP3A4 inhibitors and inducers within 7 days prior to study enrollment
• Female patients who are pregnant since fetal toxicities and teratogenic effects have been noted for several of the study drugs. A pregnancy test is required for female patients of childbearing potential
• Lactating females who plan to breastfeed their infants
• Sexually active patients of reproductive potential who have not agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of their study participation
Alveolar Rhabdomyosarcoma, Botryoid-Type Embryonal Rhabdomyosarcoma, Embryonal Rhabdomyosarcoma, Metastatic Embryonal Rhabdomyosarcoma, Metastatic Rhabdomyosarcoma, Solid Alveolar Rhabdomyosarcoma, Spindle Cell Rhabdomyosarcoma, Spindle Cell/Sclerosing Rhabdomyosarcoma, Lip, Oral Cavity and Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestine, Colon, Rectum, Liver, Pancreas, Other Digestive Organ, Larynx, Lung, Other Respiratory and Intrathoracic Organs, Soft Tissue, Ovary, Other Female Genital, Prostate, Other Male Genital, Urinary Bladder, Kidney, Other Urinary, Eye and Orbit, Thyroid, Other Endocrine System, Bladder, Colon and Rectum, Endocrine cancers, Gastrointestinal cancers, other, Genitourinary cancers, other, Head and Neck, Melanoma/Skin cancer, Sarcoma
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Study to Evaluate Efficacy and Safety of Inclisiran in Adolescents With Heterozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia (ORION-16)

This is a pivotal phase III study designed to evaluate safety, tolerability, and efficacy of inclisiran in adolescents with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HeFH) and elevated low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C).
Amy Peterson
All
12 Years to 17 Years old
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04652726
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Heterozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia (HeFH) diagnosed either by genetic testing or on phenotypic criteria
• Fasting LDL-C >130 mg/dL (3.4 mmol/L) at screening
• Fasting triglycerides <400 mg/dL (4.5 mmol/L) at screening
• On maximally tolerated dose of statin (investigator's discretion) with or without other lipid-lowering therapy; stable for ≥ 30 days before screening
• Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) >30 mL/min/1.73 m2 at screening
Exclusion Criteria:

• Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HoFH)
• Active liver disease
• Secondary hypercholesterolemia, e.g. hypothyroidism or nephrotic syndrome
• Major adverse cardiovascular events within 3 months prior to randomization
• Previous treatment with monoclonal antibodies directed towards PCSK9 (within 90 days of screening)
• Recent and/or planned use of other investigational medicinal products or devices Other protocol-defined inclusion/exclusion criteria may apply
Familial Hypercholesterolemia - Heterozygous, Disorders of lipoprotein metabolism and other lipidemias, Children's & Adolescent Health, Heart & Vascular
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