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Suggestions within category "Food & Nutrition"


4 Study Matches

Interventions for Patients With Alzheimer's Disease and Dysphagia

The overall purpose of this project is to develop effective dysphagia rehabilitative interventions for patients with Alzheimer's Disease and related dementias at risk for pneumonia development.
Nicole Pulia, PhD, CCC-SLP
All
50 Years to 99 Years old
N/A
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03682081
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Inclusion criteria (patients):
• Age 50-99
• English speaking
• Diagnosis of dementia or cognitive impairment or memory loss
• Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) scale score between 0.5 and 2.0
• Actively involved caregiver
• Resides at home or an assisted living facility Inclusion criteria (caregivers)
• English speaking
• Age 18 and older
• Contact with patient at least 1 time a week
• Has access to a working telephone Exclusion criteria (patients):
• Dementia due to cerebrovascular disease as primary cause
• History of head and neck cancer or other structural deformity that can affect swallowing
• Allergy to barium
• Currently breastfeed or pregnant or planning to become pregnant Exclusion criteria (caregivers):
• Lacks ability to give consent
Dementia, Dysphagia, Alzheimer Disease, Dementia in other diseases classified elsewhere, Unspecified dementia, Alzheimer's disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Aphagia and dysphagia, Aging & Geriatrics, Food & Nutrition
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Immunonutrition Supplementation for Improved Burn Wound Healing in Older Adults

This pilot study aims to assess the feasibility of providing immunonutrition supplementation to older burn patients (age 65 and older) and its impact on burn wound healing. Supplements containing arginine and omega 3 fatty acids have been shown to have beneficial effects on healing in other types of wounds but data within the burn population remains limited. 20 participants will be randomized into two arms, immunonutrition or conventional supplement and can expect to be on study for 3 months.
Rebecca Busch, MD
All
65 Years and over
N/A
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04725071
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Subject has partial of full thickness thermal injury of 5-15% of total body surface area (TBSA)
• Subject has an inpatient admission for their burn
• Subject or authorized decision maker understands the study procedures and can provide informed consent to participate in the study and authorization for release of relevant protected health information to the study investigator
Exclusion Criteria:

• Subject with inhalation injury and/or intubation
• Subject receiving immunosuppressive medications including chronic steroids, immune modulating medications, and chemotherapy prior to admission
• Subject with pre-existing severe chronic liver disease or end stage renal disease
Burn Wound, Burns and corrosions of external body surface, Burn of unspecified body region, unspecified degree, Burns involving less than 10% of body surface, Burns involving 10-19% of body surface area, Injury, Trauma & Emergency Medicine, Food & Nutrition, Skin & Dermatology
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Systems Biology of Early Atopy (SUNBEAM)

The goal of this study is to establish a birth cohort that collects prenatal and early life biosamples and environmental samples and rigorously phenotypes young children for food allergy and Atopic Dermatitis (AD) to identify prenatal and early life markers of high risk for food allergy and AD, as well as biological pathways (endotypes) that result in these conditions. Primary Objectives: - To study the role and interrelationships of established and novel clinical, environmental, biological, and genetic prenatal and early-life factors in the development of allergic diseases through age 3 years, with an emphasis on atopic dermatitis and food allergy - To apply systems biology to identify mechanisms and biomarkers underlying the development of food allergy, atopic dermatitis, and their endotypes - To collect, process, and assay or store environmental and biological samples for current and future use in the study of allergic disease development
James Gern
All
0 Years and over
NA
This study is also accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04798079
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Inclusion Criteria:
Pregnant Women- Pregnant women who meet all of the following criteria are eligible for enrollment as study participants: 1. Age 18 years or older 2. Able to understand the oral and written instructions associated with study visits and procedures and provide informed consent 3. Pregnant at any stage 4. Planning to give birth at a study-site designated center 5. Agrees to enroll offspring into the study at birth 6. In the case of multiple gestation, agrees to enroll only one child who will be selected by randomized birth order Biological Fathers- Biological fathers who meet all of the following criteria are eligible for enrollment as study participants: 1. Age 18 years or older 2. Able to understand the oral and written instructions associated with study visits and procedures and provide informed consent
Exclusion Criteria:
Pregnant Women- Pregnant women who meet any of these criteria are not eligible for enrollment: 1. Inability or unwillingness to comply with study protocol 2. Serious pregnancy complication (in the judgement of the investigator) prior to enrollment 3. Fetus has a major chromosomal anomaly 4. Plans to move and would not be available for in-person visits at a study site 5. Plans to give up her child for adoption at birth 6. Pregnancy is the result of an egg donation Infants- Infants who meet any of these criteria are not eligible for enrollment: 1. Delivered earlier than 34 weeks of gestation 2. Sibling already enrolled 3. Born with a significant birth defect or medical condition, and in the judgment of the investigators, participation is not in the infant's best interest Biological Father- 1. Biological fathers who are unable or unwilling to comply with the study protocol as it pertains to the biological father's participation are not eligible for enrollment ----Note Regarding Legal Guardians who are not the Biological Parents: 1. At screening for enrollment of either the mother or the child, if the biological mother intends to give the infant up for adoption, neither the mother nor the child are eligible for enrollment 2. If the biological mother gives up legal guardianship of the child during the child's follow-up period, the child may remain enrolled as long as the new legal guardian:
• Agrees to meet the child's study requirements, and
• Provides written informed consent for the child's continued participation. 3. Throughout the protocol where it refers to the mother, father, or parent answering questionnaires about the child or collecting samples from the child and the child's primary home, the legal guardian who provides consent for the child's participation may complete those procedures
Healthy Volunteers, Food & Nutrition, Infections, Immune System & Allergies, Allergic Diseases, Food Allergy, Atopic Dermatitis
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Vitamin A Status in Patients With Vocal Fold Leukoplakia

This study will determine systemic vitamin A status and lesion histopathology of participants with vocal fold hyperkeratosis resulting in clinical leukoplakia.
Nathan Welham
All
18 Years and over
N/A
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT05323292
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Inclusion Criteria:
1. Willing to provide informed consent. 2. Willing to comply with all study procedures and be available for the duration of the study. 3. Ability to take oral medication. 4. At least 18 years of age. 5. Leukoplakia study groups: 1. Leukoplakia due to hyperkeratosis with dysplasia: biopsy-confirmed diagnosis of hyperkeratosis with dysplasia. 2. Leukoplakia due to hyperkeratosis with no dysplasia: biopsy-confirmed diagnosis of hyperkeratosis with no dysplasia. 6. Control group: Laryngoscopy showing no evidence of vocal fold mucosal disease.
Exclusion Criteria:
1. History of malignant vocal fold mucosal pathology. 2. History of metabolic or liver disorder. 3. History of anorexia or bulimia. 4. Pregnant, lactating, or planning on becoming pregnant during the study period. 5. History of >4.5 kg weight loss in the past 90 days. 6. Medical or other inability to complete an 8 hour fast. 7. Acute respiratory or gastrointestinal illness. 8. Currently incarcerated. 9. Impaired decision-making capacity. 10. No or limited English speaking ability; illiterate or low-literacy ability. 11. Profound visual or hearing impairment that limits written or verbal communication. 12. Status relationship with a member of the study team. 13. Not suitable for study participation due to other reasons at the discretion of the investigators.
Diseases of vocal cords and larynx, Healthy Volunteers, Food & Nutrition, Vitamin A, Vitamin A Deficiency, Leukoplakia, Vocal Cord Neoplasm
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