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336 Study Matches

Microglia Activation in Asthma (MAIA)

The primary purpose of this study is to provide preliminary data to determine if an acute increase in airway inflammation, provoked by an inhaled allergen challenge, is associated with an increase in microglial activation and may inform whether individuals with asthma, in the long-term, are at increased risk for neurodegeneration, cognitive decline, and forms of dementia. Though in the long-term airway inflammation may be associated with neurodegenerative processes, these changes reflect the accumulation over a lifetime of allergen exposures and disease-related changes. This relationship between peripheral inflammation and microglial activation is analogous to the impact of sleep loss. No single night of poor sleep will lead to long-term change in brain structure, function, or cognitive function, but the accumulation of frequent and repeated sleep loss over a lifetime has been shown to have a major impact. These data will be used for a larger scale study to determine if asthma is a risk factor for neurodegeneration, and will inform brain health issues in asthma more broadly.
Melissa Rosenkranz, PhD
All
18 Years to 50 Years old
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04307667
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Male or female with no health concerns that might affect the outcome of the study
• Physician diagnosis of asthma for at least six months prior to screening (can be determined at the discretion of an asthma/allergy physician member of the study team)
• At least a 20% decrease in forced expiratory volume (FEV1) during the immediate response following inhaled allergen challenge
• FEV1 > 70% at baseline
• Positive immediate skin test for allergies to ragweed, cat dander, or house dust mite (historical data documented within the last 5 years is acceptable)
• Women of child-bearing potential (WCBP) must have a negative urine pregnancy test for human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) at screening and within 48 hours of the inhaled allergen challenge(s) and the positron emission tomography (PET) scans. WCBP must agree to use a medically-acceptable form of birth control for the duration of the study (medically-acceptable birth control methods can include: abstinence, barrier methods, oral contraceptives, injection contraceptives or skin absorption contraceptives).
• Asthma medications consisting of only inhaled beta-agonists taken as needed or leukotriene inhibitors
• Ability to tolerate a simulated functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) brain scanning session
• In the opinion of the investigator, capable and willing to grant written informed consent and cooperate with study procedures and requirements
• High-affinity TSPO-binding genotype. Mixed (high/low) binding-affinity genotype may be included at principal investigator's (PI) discretion.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Current smoker (defined as more than 0.5 pack per week for the past 6 months and any smoking within two weeks of study procedures) or has a smoking history exceeding 5 pack years within the last 10 years
• Currently receiving immunotherapy
• Not able to withhold medication(s) as outlined by the study
• Use of psychotropic medication that might affect function of neurocircuitry implicated in the investigator's hypotheses at the discretion of the PI or Co-Investigator (Co-I)
• Needle phobia or claustrophobia
• Major health problems such as autoimmune disease, heart disease, uncontrolled hypertension or lung diseases other than asthma. The listed health problems are definitively exclusionary, but decisions regarding major health problems not listed will be based upon the judgment of the investigator.
• Pre-existing chronic infectious disease
• Use of inhaled corticosteroids or oral corticosteroids within 1 month of screening
• Use of an investigational drug within 30 days of entering the study. This criteria will be reviewed on a case by case basis by the principal investigators or co-investigator to determine appropriate washout period. Appropriate wash out period may be greater than 30 days depending on the half-life of the investigational drug. Participants may be eligible for study participation after completing the washout period designated by the PI or Co-I (physician only).
• Any MRI incompatibility as determined by WIMRs most current MRI screening form
• Does not fit in the MRI scanner
• History of a diagnosed Bipolar Disorder, Schizophrenia, or Schizoaffective Disorder
• History of serious head trauma or seizure disorder (can be included at the discretion of the PI or Co-I)
• Unable, in the judgement of the investigator, to comply with directions and/or tolerate the procedures required for participation in this study
• Pregnant or breast-feeding or has a planned pregnancy during the course of the study
• History of positive COVID-19 test (nasal swab or antibody test)
• Have corrected vision and are not able to wear contacts or see sufficiently well to read without glasses or contacts, as glasses will not fit in the PET/MR head coil
• Any other medical condition or disease that would impact subject safety or data integrity in the opinion of the PIs
Asthma
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Interventions for Patients With Alzheimer's Disease and Dysphagia

The overall purpose of this project is to develop effective dysphagia rehabilitative interventions for patients with Alzheimer's Disease and related dementias at risk for pneumonia development.
Nicole Pulia, PhD, CCC-SLP
All
50 Years to 99 Years old
N/A
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03682081
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Inclusion criteria (patients):
• Age 50-99
• English speaking
• Diagnosis of dementia or cognitive impairment or memory loss
• Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) scale score between 0.5 and 2.0
• Actively involved caregiver
• Resides at home or an assisted living facility Inclusion criteria (caregivers)
• English speaking
• Age 18 and older
• Contact with patient at least 1 time a week
• Has access to a working telephone Exclusion criteria (patients):
• Dementia due to cerebrovascular disease as primary cause
• History of head and neck cancer or other structural deformity that can affect swallowing
• Allergy to barium
• Currently breastfeed or pregnant or planning to become pregnant Exclusion criteria (caregivers):
• Lacks ability to give consent
Dementia, Dysphagia, Alzheimer Disease, Dementia in other diseases classified elsewhere, Unspecified dementia, Alzheimer's disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment, Aphagia and dysphagia, Aging & Geriatrics, Food & Nutrition
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Efficacy of Oral Vancomycin Prophylaxis for Prevention of Recurrent Clostridium Difficile Infection

This study evaluates the efficacy of prophylaxis with oral vancomycin for preventing recurrent Clostridium difficile Infection (CDI) in patients who have experienced at least one CDI episode in the last 180 days and are receiving antibiotics for a non CDI condition. Participants will be randomized to receive either placebo or oral vancomycin in addition to their prescribed antibiotic therapy.
Nasia Safdar, MD
All
18 Years and over
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03462459
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Willing to provide informed consent.
• Willing to comply with all study procedures and be available for the duration of the study.
• Documented diagnosis of at least one CDI within the last 180 days with treatment completed.
• Currently receiving systemic antibiotics for a non-CDI condition with anticipated duration of no more than 2 weeks.
• Females of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test prior to randomization and agree to use adequate contraception prior to randomization, for the duration of the study, and for 4 weeks following study completion.
• Have received no more than 72 hours of non-CDI antibiotics.
Exclusion Criteria:

• History of hypersensitivity or allergy to oral vancomycin.
• Current use of oral vancomycin
• Patients on concurrent treatment with metronidazole or tetracycline monotherapy for any indication
• Patients diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disorder (Crohn's disease), or bacterial gastrointestinal infection cause by agents other than C. difficile (e.g. Salmonella sp.), toxic megacolon and/or known small bowel ileus.
• Dysphagia (inability to swallow capsules) or unwilling to swallow capsules.
• Major gastrointestinal surgery within 3 months of enrollment (does not include appendectomy or cholecystectomy).
• Any history of total colectomy or bariatric surgery.
• Unable or unwilling to fulfill study requirements.
• Expected life expectancy < 6 months.
• Patients enrolled in another clinical trial with investigational drugs within 30 days prior to randomization.
• Women who are pregnant or breast-feeding.
• Any patient deemed not suitable for study participation at the discretion of the study investigator.
• Diarrhea (3 or more loose stools in a 24 hour period) at enrollment.
Gastrointestinal Diseases [C06], Infection [C01], Recurrent Clostridium Difficile Infection, Clostridium Difficile Infection, CDI, C.Difficile Diarrhea, C. Diff Colitis, C.Difficile Colitis
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Electrophysiology of Fetal Arrhythmia (fMCG)

Fetal research and clinical practice has been hampered by a lack of suitable investigational techniques. Currently, ultrasound is the only widely used method of studying fetal anatomy and physiology, but it has significant limitations for assessment of cardiac rhythm. The proposed study will allow the investigators to evaluate fetal magnetocardiography (fMCG) as a new tool for the study of normal and abnormal fetal heart rate and rhythm.
Ronald Wakai, PhD
Female
18 Years and over
NA
This study is also accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03047161
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Inclusion Criteria:

• uncomplicated pregnancy at gestational age >12 weeks
• pregnancy complicated by abnormal fetal heart rate or rhythm or risk of abnormal fetal heart rate or rhythm at gestational age >15 weeks
Exclusion Criteria:

• uncomplicated pregnancy <12 weeks gestation
• pregnancy complicated by abnormal fetal heart rate or rhythm or risk of abnormal fetal heart rate or rhythm at gestational age <15 weeks
Supervision of high risk pregnancy, Healthy Volunteers, Fetal Arrhythmia
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Platelet-Rich Plasma Therapy for Patellar Tendinopathy (PRP)

The overall goal of this research is to find an effective treatment for patellar tendinopathy (PT). To achieve this, we will conduct a double-blinded randomized controlled trial to investigate if platelet-rich plasma is effective for treatment. Clinical (pain and function scores) and bio-mechanical (knee strength) measures will be correlated with disease modification changes assessed using conventional and novel quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasound (US) techniques.
Kenneth Lee, M.D.
All
18 Years to 39 Years old
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03136965
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Inclusion Criteria:
1. Age between 18 and 39 years 2. Chronic (>3 months) PT 3. Clinical examination consistent with PT 4. MRI or US confirmation of PT 5. Pain score of 3 or greater on a 10-point visual analogue scale 6. Self-report failure of supervised physical therapy 7. Self-report failure of at least 2 of the most common treatment options for PT (e.g. NSAIDs, relative rest, ice and bracing).
Exclusion Criteria:
1. Inability to comply with study follow-up requirements 2. History of bleeding disorders or other hematologic conditions 3. Knee pain from other possible etiologies (e.g., degenerative joint disease, meniscal tear, ligament injury or reconstruction) 4. Full or partial patellar tendon tear 5. Current use of anticoagulation or immunosuppressive therapy 6. Prior knee trauma requiring medical attention or surgery 7. Worker's compensation injury 8. Daily opioid use for pain 9. Contraindication to MRI. 10. Systemic diseases such as Diabetes and connective tissue diseases. 11. Prior PRP or DN procedure. 12. Women that are pregnant
Patellar Tendinitis, Musculoskeletal Abnormalities [C05], Bone, Muscle & Joint, Patellar tendinitis, unspecified knee, Patellar tendinitis, right knee, Patellar tendinitis, left knee, Pain & Pain Management
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Technical Validation of MR Biomarkers of Obesity-Associated NAFLD (NAFLD)

The overall goal of this collaborative research program is to develop, validate and translate advanced quantitative magnetic resonance (MR) biomarkers of obesity-associated non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This protocol represents the research plan for two distinct phases. The first phase is an optimization phase. The second phase is designed to complete a rigorous test of conventional and advanced MRE techniques. Complementary anthropometric, laboratory, and MR measures will also be collected to characterize the cohort and identify factors that affect MRE performance
Scott Reeder, MD, PhD in Biomedical Eng
All
18 Years and over
NA
This study is also accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03674528
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Inclusion Criteria (Phase 1 and 2 participants)
• Age of at least 18 years
• Severely obese (BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2) patient Inclusion Criteria (Phase 2 participants only)
• Cleared for weight-loss surgery
• Willing and able to complete all safety and follow-up procedures
• Willing to allow for the banking of biological samples Exclusion Criteria (Phase 1 and 2 participants)
• Contraindications to MRI
• Girth or weight that exceeds scanner capacity
• Women of childbearing potential that are pregnant or will be attempting to become pregnant during the study duration. Exclusion Criteria (Phase 2 participants only)
• Known liver malignancies
• Regular & excessive alcohol consumption within 2 years prior to recruitment
• Use of steatogenic or hepatotoxic drugs
• Clinical or laboratory evidence of liver disease other than Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)/ Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) (e.g. HCV Ab, HBV Ab, ceruloplasmin)
• The subject has increased bleeding risk (i.e., decreased platelets, von Willebrand disease)
Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Non-alcoholic Steatohepatitis, Fatty (change of) liver, not elsewhere classified
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FES Imaging to Optimize Tamoxifen for Metastatic Breast Cancer

Despite broad advancements in endocrine therapy for ERα+ breast cancer, resistance ultimately develops. A common driver of resistance are known ESR1 mutations that lead to constitutively active receptor signaling and transcriptional regulation that is always "turned on" despite the absence of estrogen. Patients with ESR1 mutations are expected to have decreased binding affinity for tamoxifen and thus may be underdosed on standard therapy. [18F]-fluoroestradiol Positron Emission Tomography/Computed tomography (FES-PET/CT) imaging is a novel functional imaging technique that can non-invasively measure ERα expression and inhibition in metastatic ERα+ breast cancer. The proposed a pilot study uses FES-PET/CT imaging to measure ERα blockade to determine the optimal dose of tamoxifen in patients with ESR1 mutations.
Kari Wisinski, MD
All
19 Years and over
Early Phase 1
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04174352
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Participants must have histologically confirmed breast cancer that is metastatic or unresectable with the following:
• Estrogen receptor expression by immunohistochemistry greater than or equal to 10%
• ESR1 mutation identified using a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) certified assay via tumor biopsy tissue or circulating free DNA (cfDNA)
• human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) negative
• Participants must have measurable disease as defined by RECIST 1.1 or evaluable bone-only disease with at least one lesion measuring 10 mm or greater in size. Participants with liver-only disease are not eligible due to the inherent hepatic uptake related to the radiopharmaceutical's hepatobiliary route of elimination.
• Participants must have received at least 1 prior line of non-tamoxifen containing endocrine therapy in the metastatic setting or have had progression within 12 months of adjuvant non-tamoxifen endocrine therapy.
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1 (See Appendix A)
• Life expectancy of greater than 12 weeks.
• Ability to take oral medications.
• Informed consent: participant must be informed of the investigational nature of the study and must be able to sign a written informed consent.
• Participants with central nervous system (CNS) metastases must be stable after therapy for CNS metastases (such as surgery, radiation, or stereotactic radiosurgery) for at least 1 month.
• Participants must have adequate normal organ and bone marrow function as defined below:
• Absolute neutrophil count >/= 1,000/mcL
• Hemoglobin >/= 9.0 g/dL
• Platelets >/= 100,000/mcL
• Total bilirubin • AST (SGOT)/ ALT (SGPT) • Creatinine /= 50 mL/min
Exclusion Criteria:

• Participants must have received at least 1 prior line of non-tamoxifen containing endocrine therapy in the metastatic setting or have had progression either while taking or within 12 months of adjuvant non-tamoxifen endocrine therapy (i.e. on or within 12 months of an aromatase inhibitor).
• Prior chemotherapy, radiotherapy, targeted, immunotherapy or investigational therapy within 2 weeks or major surgery within 4 weeks of study enrollment or those who have not recovered (to grade ≤ 1 or baseline) from clinically significant adverse events due to agents administered more than 2 weeks earlier (alopecia and fatigue excluded).
• Participants must not be receiving an ER blocking endocrine therapy (includes fulvestrant, tamoxifen, toremifene, raloxifene) and must be off the agents for a minimum of 60 days prior to planned FES PET/CT to allow for adequate uptake of FES.
• History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of chemical or biologic composition similar to those of tamoxifen or [18F]-fluoroestradiol.
• Peripheral neuropathy of severity greater than grade 1.
• Current optic nerve disorders, retinopathy, lattice degeneration, macular degeneration, retinal vascular disorder, or retinal tears of severity greater than grade 1.
• History of cerebellar disorders, ataxia, and uncontrolled seizures unless related to transient medical condition and in investigator's opinion is not an active medical issue.
• History of venous thrombosis/thromboembolic event, including pulmonary embolism and stroke.
• Have a heart-rate corrected QT interval (using Fridericia's formula) (QTcF) ≥ 470msec or other factors that increase the risk of QT prolongation or arrhythmic events (e.g., heart failure, chronic hypokalemia, family history of long QT interval syndrome).
• Are taking medications that are known to prolong the QT interval, unless they can be transferred to other medications ≥ 5 half-lives prior to dosing or unless the medications can be properly monitored during the study. If equivalent medication is not available, QTcF should be closely monitored.
• Tamoxifen has demonstrated vaginal bleeding, birth defects and fetal loss in pregnant women. Tamoxifen use during pregnancy may have a potential long-term risk to the fetus of a Diethylstilbestrol syndrome (DES)-like syndrome. Women of childbearing potential (WOCP) must not be pregnant (confirmed by a negative urine/serum pregnancy test within 14 days of tamoxifen treatment). In addition, a medically acceptable method of birth control must be used such as an intrauterine device (IUD), use of a double barrier method (condoms, sponge, diaphragm, or vaginal ring with spermicidal jellies or cream), or total abstinence during the study participation and for 3 months after last dose of study drug. Women who are postmenopausal for at least 1 year or surgically sterile (bilateral tubal ligation, bilateral oophorectomy, or hysterectomy) are not considered to be WOCP.
• Ongoing treatment with other investigational agents. Participants cannot be receiving concomitant chemotherapy, radiotherapy, experimental therapy or any other therapy not otherwise outlined by the trial for the purposes of anti-cancer treatment.
• History of uterine malignancy unless participant has had hysterectomy with no evidence recurrent disease for ≥ 3 years from definitive therapy.
• Concurrent malignancy except for the following:
• Basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer
• In situ cervical cancer
• The following medications are contraindicated or must be used with caution.
• Contraindicated:
• CYP2D6, CYP3A4, and CYP2C9 strong inhibitors
• CYP2D6, CYP3A4, and CYP2C9 strong inducers
• Use with caution:
• CYP2C9 sensitive substrates
• CYP2D6 moderate inhibitors or inducers
• CYP3A4 moderate inhibitors or inducers Note: Transdermal products designed for systemic delivery must be assessed for interaction potential. Topical products not designed to provide systemic delivery (including inhaled products, ophthalmologic products and transvaginal preparations) do not need to be considered. Contraindicated medications are not allowed. Participants taking these concurrent medications are ineligible unless they can discontinue or switch to alternative medications prior to initiation of study drug (at least 5 half-lives). Use with caution agents are permitted if a) discontinuation is not feasible or b) no acceptable alternatives are available as determined by the treating physician; however, caution should be used. Consider monitoring by symptoms, labs or drug levels and dose adjustments of the medication.
• Uncontrolled intercurrent clinically significant illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
Breast, ERα+ Breast Cancer, ESR1 Gene Mutation
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Use of High-resolution Manometry to Detect Upper Airway Obstruction During Sleep

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a major public health issue in both children and adults, present in 1-5% of children and 10-30% of adults. It is characterized by repeated episodes of airway obstruction during sleep, leading to brain arousal, sympathetic activation, oxygen desaturation, sleep fragmentation, and non-restorative sleep. Patients report daytime tiredness, insomnia, and morning headaches. Children with OSA experience daytime somnolence, difficulties at school, behavioral problems, enuresis, and reduced quality of life. If left untreated, OSA can lead to numerous complications including hypertension, cardiovascular disease, stroke, and insulin resistance. Sleep partners are also affected, with patients viewing their disorder as a burden and sleeping in separate rooms. Further, disease prevalence is increasing as obesity increases. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the current gold standard treatment for OSA. If used effectively and consistently, it can improve patient symptoms. However, adherence is generally poor, with patients experiencing physical discomfort, chest discomfort, and dry mouth. For those patients that cannot tolerate CPAP, surgical intervention is an option. In children, this typically starts with adenotonsillectomy. However, 20-75% of children will have persistent symptoms after adenotonsillectomy. In adults, anatomic factors including tonsil hypertrophy and redundant pharyngeal tissue can contribute to upper airway obstruction and may also necessitate higher pressures for effective CPAP treatment. Even if surgical intervention does not cure the OSA, it may make CPAP more tolerable and improve CPAP adherence. Sleep-related airway obstruction is a complex phenomenon potentially involving multiple anatomic levels. For patients with persistent symptoms despite initial therapy or intolerance to CPAP, further evaluation of the upper airway is clinically valuable. Polysomnography (PSG) is the gold standard for diagnosing OSA, but it does not provide information on the location(s) of upper airway obstruction. Knowledge of the precise sites of obstruction is critical to planning effective sleep surgery. Currently, this is accomplished with drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE). DISE was originally proposed in 1991 and involves administering anesthetic to a patient to simulate a sleep state, and then visualizing the upper airway using transnasal flexible endoscopy. Sites of obstruction at key locations including the adenoids, soft palate, lateral oropharynx, tongue base, and epiglottis can be identified. Though DISE offers valuable clinical information, it has notable limitations. First, it cannot evaluate the entire upper airway simultaneously, as any obstruction occurring superiorly precludes visualization of any obstruction occurring more inferiorly. Second, interpretation of DISE is subjective and there is no universally accepted system for analysis. Rating systems are qualitative, using grades such as complete, partial, or no obstruction as opposed to quantitative measurements. The optimal sleep assessment would be quantitative, reliable, and provide information on the entire upper airway simultaneously. A potential alternative to DISE which could meet these criteria is sleep manometry. Measurement of upper airway pressures captures the effects of obstruction along the entire upper airway, from the nasopharynx to larynx. Prior studies have attempted to employ manometry, but have been limited primarily by inadequate equipment and suboptimal methods of data analysis. Woodson et al. used a solid-state manometer with diameter of 2.3 mm and 5 sensors to detect palatal obstruction and tongue base obstruction in patients with OSA. They also used the same approach to detect persistent tongue base obstruction following uvulopalatopharyngoplasty. While these studies help demonstrate that manometry can be a useful adjunct to OSA assessment, they are severely limited both by the type of manometer used as well as the lack of a clear, detailed description of the method of data analysis. High-resolution manometry (HRM) uses pressure censors spaced 1 cm apart to allow for pressure measurement along the entire upper airway. The investigators have previously applied HRM to assessment of swallow physiology. Sophisticated methods of automated data analysis have been developed that have been shown to be reliable for both expert and novice users . Further, pattern recognition techniques have been applied to identify dysphagia and specific swallowing abnormalities. Application of this technology and modification of existing data analysis platforms will allow for a quantitative, reliable, and comprehensive assessment of upper airway obstruction during sleep in both children and adults, with potential for development of algorithms to predict effects of targeted surgical therapy at all levels of the upper airway.
Timothy Mcculloch
All
5 Years to 90 Years old
NA
This study is also accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04139499
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Inclusion Criteria:
ADULTS
• Age 18-90
• Any participant undergoing sleep endoscopy as part of standard clinical care would be eligible. This entails physician concern for sleep-disordered breathing and corresponding questionnaire and/or polysomnogram results supporting a diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea.
• Participants without apnea are eligible, provided they are undergoing tonsillectomy or bronchoscopy for either chronic tonsillitis or airway assessment without concern for history of sleep apnea.
• Women with childbearing potential will not be excluded, as the proposed experiment would have no potential ramifications on childbearing potential. CHILDREN
• Age 5-17
• Any patients undergoing sleep endoscopy as part of standard clinical care would be eligible.
• Participants undergoing either tonsillectomy for chronic tonsillitis or bronchoscopy for airway assessment.
• Women with childbearing potential will not be excluded, as the proposed experiment would have no potential ramifications on childbearing potential.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Participant desire to avoid added anesthesia time.
• Inability to safely tolerate the added anesthesia time (about 5-10 minutes) for the experiment (as judged by either otolaryngologist or anesthesiologist).
• Pregnant women
• Vulnerable groups (i.e., prisoners, individuals lacking consent capacity, individuals unable to read the consent form).
Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Acute obstructive laryngitis [croup] and epiglottitis
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Rehabilitation Manometry Study

Oropharyngeal dysphagia, or difficulty swallowing, is a devastating condition that affects physiological and psychosocial functioning in 1 in 25 adults. Many dysphagia treatments exist, but our ability to adequately measure treatment outcomes is limited. Pharyngeal high-resolution manometry (pHRM) directly measures swallowing pressures, providing an objective measurement of physiology that characterizes the basic mechanisms of swallowing. pHRM is well-poised to measure outcomes of dysphagia treatments due to its direct, objective, and reproducible measures of swallowing function. This proposed project will address a central hypotheses that objective swallowing measures (including (pHRM) will reveal treatment-mediated swallowing changes, will align with patient-reported outcome measures, and will be able to predict who will benefit from treatment. The investigators will follow a cohort of participants with oropharyngeal dysphagia as they undergo either pharyngeal strengthening therapy or relief of upper esophageal sphincter outlet obstruction at three time points: baseline, mid-treatment (4-6 weeks) and post-treatment (10-12 weeks). The investigators will compare participants to healthy controls using pHRM, videofluoroscopy, diet assessment, functional reserve tests, and patient-reported outcome measures.
Timothy Mcculloch
All
18 Years to 99 Years old
NA
This study is also accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04130867
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Pathological Group
• Must have dysphagia as diagnosed by a licensed and certified otolaryngologist, gastroenterologist, or speech-language pathologist AND must have a dysphagia treatment plan that includes one of the following primary goals:
• Therapy to strengthen oropharyngeal musculature
• Medical or surgical management to relieve an obstruction at the upper esophageal sphincter
• Must agree to comply with swallowing assessment, including interview and manometry
• Must sign the Informed Consent form approved by the Health Sciences Institutional Review Board of the University of Wisconsin
• Normal Group
• Having no swallowing disorders
• Must agree to comply with swallowing assessment, including interview and manometry
• Must sign the Informed Consent form approved by the Health Sciences Institutional Review Board of the University of Wisconsin.\
Exclusion Criteria:

• Pathological Group
• Therapeutic management plan already initiated prior to recruitment
• Therapy goals including only improvement of swallowing coordination
• Developmental disability, dementia, cognitive dysfunction, or difficulty comprehending instructions
• Positive history of allergic response to topical anesthetic
• Allergy to food relevant to study participation (e.g. lactose intolerance)
• Normal Group
• Known swallowing disorder
• Developmental disability, dementia, cognitive dysfunction, or difficulty comprehending instructions
• Positive history of allergic response to topical anesthetic
• Allergy to food relevant to study participation (e.g. lactose intolerance)
Oropharyngeal Dysphagia, Dysphagia, pharyngoesophageal phase
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OAR-Based, Dose Escalated SBRT With Real Time Adaptive MRI Guidance for Liver Metastases

Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) is a noninvasive local therapy with proven efficacy in a number of solid tumor types. However, colorectal cancer (CRC) liver metastases have been shown to be particularly resistant to SBRT, and often are found to have significantly worse rates of control compared with other histologies. Higher SBRT dose was recently shown to improve local control in CRC pulmonary metastases, however, increasing dose delivery with SBRT has been limited based on the risk of toxicity to adjacent structures, and the ability to visualize them during treatment. This is particularly relevant in treating liver tumors, as tumor and small bowel movement can often make tumor targeting and organs-at-risk (OAR) avoidance especially difficult. MRI-guided SBRT for liver tumors is both safe and feasible and offers an as yet unprecedented opportunity to achieve the highest possible safe dose to liver tumors. The purpose of this trial is to identify a safe maximum tolerated dose level for MRI-guided SBRT treatment of bowel and liver metastases, respectively. Eligible participants will be on study for up to 12 months.
Michael Bassetti, MD
All
18 Years and over
Phase 1
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04020276
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Inclusion Criteria:

• For Phase IA trial, have a diagnosis of histologically confirmed or clinically suspected metastatic cancer to the liver; for Phase IB trial have have a diagnosis of histologically confirmed or clinically suspected metastatic CRC to the liver.
• Participant must be a candidate for SBRT to at least one intrahepatic lesion but no more than 6 intrahepatic lesions.
• Participant must be a candidate for treatment on the ViewRay treatment unit. Must be screened to rule out implants and devices that are not MRI compatible.
• Be willing and able to provide written informed consent.
• Participants may be therapy-naïve or have had prior systemic therapy up to two weeks prior to study entry.
• No active central nervous system (CNS) metastatic disease. NOTE: Subjects with CNS involvement must meet all of the following to be eligible:
• At least 28 days from prior definitive treatment of their CNS disease by surgical resection, SBRT or Whole Brain Radiation Therapy (WBRT) at the time of registration
• AND asymptomatic and off systemic corticosteroids and/or enzyme-inducing antiepileptic medications for brain metastases for >14 days prior to registration.
• Demonstrate adequate organ function as defined in the following table; all screening labs should be performed within 28 days of SBRT treatment initiation.
• Platelet count greater than or equal to 50000 /µL
• Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) greater than or equal to 1000 /µL
• Hemoglobin (Hgb) greater than or equal to 8 g/dL or greater than or equal to 5.6 mmol/L without transfusion or erythropoietin (EPO) dependency (within 7 days of assessment)
• Serum creatinine OR measured or calculated creatinine clearance (GFR can also be used in place of creatinine or CrCl) Creatinine/Calculated creatinine clearance (CrCl) greater than or equal to 30 mL/min for subject with creatinine levels greater than 1.5 X institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
• Bilirubin greater than or equal to 1. 5 × ULN OR direct bilirubin greater than or equal to ULN for participants with total bilirubin levels greater than 1.5 ULN
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and ALT (SGPT) greater than or equal to 5 × ULN
• International Normalized Ratio (INR) or Prothrombin Time (PT) greater than or equal to 1.5 X ULN unless participant is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
• Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (aPTT) greater than or equal to 1.5 X ULN unless participant is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
• For participants enrolled on the liver dose escalation arm, screening labs must be consistent with Child Pugh class A unless therapeutic anticoagulation places them in Child Pugh B. In that case, trial entry or exclusion will be at the discretion of the treating physician.
• Have a performance status of 2 or less on the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance scale.
• Life expectancy of > 12 weeks.
• Women of childbearing potential (WOCP) should have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test prior to initiation of radiation therapy. If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required.
• WOCP must not be pregnant or breast-feeding.
• WOCP must be willing to use an effective method of birth control such as an oral, implantable, injectable, or transdermal hormonal contraceptive, an intrauterine device (IUD), use of a double barrier method (condoms, sponge, diaphragm, or vaginal ring with spermicidal jellies or cream), or total abstinence for the duration of the radiotherapy and 60 days thereafter. NOTE: A person of childbearing potential is anyone (regardless of sexual orientation, gender identity, having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice) who was born with a uterus and at least one ovary and meets both of the following criteria:
• Is post-menarcheal (i.e., has had at least one prior menses)
• Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy or has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months).
• Participant is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study including undergoing treatment and scheduled visits and examinations including follow up.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Is currently participating and receiving study therapy or has participated in a study of an investigational agent and received study therapy or used an investigational device within 4 weeks of the initiation of SBRT.
• History of a second invasive cancer in the last 3 years (except for appropriately treated low-risk prostate cancer, treated non-melanoma skin cancer, appropriately treated ductal carcinoma in situ or early stage invasive carcinoma of breast appropriately treated in situ/early stage cervical/endometrial cancer.
• Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.
• Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.
• Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with follow up scans or visits.
• Has a primary tumor histology of germ cell tumor, leukemia, or lymphoma.
• Has a primary liver cancer such as cholangiocarcinoma or hepatocellular carcinoma.
• Has had prior radiation therapy that significantly overlaps with the liver.
• Has a diagnosis of Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, or scleroderma.
• Participants with Gilbert's disease or other primary disorders of bilirubin metabolism will not be allowed on the trial.
• For participants in the liver dose escalation arm only, has pre-existing liver disease such that patients are classified as Child Pugh B or worse. If the participant is anti-coagulated such that their INR places them in the CP-B classification, exclusion or inclusion will be at the discretion of the treating physician.
• Pregnancy or women of childbearing potential and men who are sexually active and refuse to use medically acceptable forms of contraception.
• Participants with implanted hardware that would preclude MRIs.
Liver Metastases, Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy, MRI-guided Treatment, Breast, Colon, Lung, Colon and Rectum
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Hypofractionated Radiotherapy for Soft Tissue Sarcomas

One of the main challenges in treating sarcomas with radiation is the toxicity to normal structures around the sarcoma. Early reports suggest Hypofractionated Radiotherapy will be safe and effective for treatment of soft tissue sarcomas. However, given the rarity of this disease, the diversity of histological sub-types, and the variety of locations where these can occur (anywhere in the body), more data is needed to provide understanding of the safety and efficacy of hypofractionated radiotherapy for treatment of this disease. The hypothesis is that by using hypofractionated radiotherapy, highly conformal high dose radiation can be delivered to soft tissue sarcomas, while respecting established normal tissue constraints and that local control rates will be greater than historical rates reported with conventional fractionation. Eligible participants with biopsy proven soft tissue sarcoma will be on study for up to 60 months.
Zachary Morris, MD
All
18 Years and over
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03972930
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Biopsy proven soft tissue sarcoma, either localized and inoperable/unresectable or metastatic, that is deemed by the treating physician to be targetable with hypofractionated radiotherapy.
• Participant refuses surgery or is aware that surgery is not recommended for them
• Karnofsky performance status > 60
• Able to understand and sign an informed consent form
Exclusion Criteria:

• Pregnant
• Chemotherapy or systemic anti-cancer treatment within the preceding two weeks
• Unable to undergo imaging or positioning necessary for radiotherapy planning
• Prior radiation therapy in the field that, at the discretion of the treating physician, prevents safe delivery of hypofractionated radiotherapy.
Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Soft Tissue, Sarcoma
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CIRTEN-Simultaneous Pancreas-Kidney Transplant Recipients

This is a Phase II/III, Single-center, Prospective, Open-label, Single Arm Study of 30 Simultaneous Kidney Pancreas recipients who received a transplant at least 3 months, but no more than 5 years prior, with a history of tremors following transplantation.
Jon Odorico, MD
All
18 Years to 70 Years old
Phase 2/Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03769298
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Adult, 18-70 years of age
• Participant must be able to understand and provide consent
• History of Diabetes Type 1 or Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Type 2 with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)
• Recipient of a Simultaneous Pancreas Kidney (SPK) transplant, 3- 60 months prior to screening, per Principal Investigator's discretion.
• Have a history of tremors following transplantation
• Stable pancreas allograft function as evidenced by no requirement of exogenous insulin or oral anti-diabetic agents and stable pancreatic enzymes
• Stable kidney allograft function
• Currently taking Immediate-Release (IR) tacrolimus
• Women of child-bearing potential (WOCP) must have a negative pregnancy test at the time of study entry
Exclusion Criteria:

• Currently maintained on an extended-release tacrolimus immunosuppressive regimen
• Previous history of tremors prior to transplantation
• Solitary pancreas transplant recipients
• History of solid organ transplant other than a kidney or pancreas
• Uncontrolled concomitant infection at the discretion of the investigator
• Presence of Donor Specific Antibodies
Kidney Pancreas Transplantation, Complications of kidney transplant, Transplant, Diabetes, Metabolism & Hormones
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Acetazolamide Challenge With Perfusion in the Prediction of Cerebral Vasospasm

The investigators propose a technique using cone beam CT perfusion (CBCTP) imaging with an acetazolamide challenge as a potential diagnostic tool to detect a defect in cerebral autoregulation at a time when it has not yet caused clinically apparent signs or symptoms. 30 participants will be enrolled at the University of Wisconsin - Madison and can expect to be on study for about 2 weeks.
Azam Ahmed, MD
All
18 Years and over
Phase 4
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03377049
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage presenting to our institution within 24 hours of symptom onset
• Adults, 18 years of age or older
• Women of childbearing potential must not be pregnant (negative urine pregnancy test)
Exclusion Criteria:

• Contraindication to acetazolamide (i.e. sulfonamide allergy, renal or liver failure)
• Contraindication to contrast media (Allergy or abnormal serum Cr and/or GFR based on current UW guidelines for IV contrast)
• Renal insufficiency, history of renal failure or renal transplant
• Hunt and Hess grade 1 and 5 (Attached protocol provides details on the grading scale. Grade 1 have lowest yield for vasospasm and Grade 5 are by definition critically ill and unstable patients)
• Critically ill patients who are unstable and who cannot undergo scans within the proposed timeline i.e. within 24 hours of the onset of their symptoms.
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, Aneurysmal, Vasospasm, Cerebral, Nontraumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage, Other cerebrovascular diseases, Brain & Neurological
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Oxaliplatin and Liposomal Irinotecan (Plus Trastuzumab for HER2-positive Disease) in Advanced Esophageal and Gastric Adenocarcinoma

This is an open label, phase II, multi-site trial evaluating the efficacy and safety of the combination of 5-FU, oxaliplatin, nal-IRI, and immunotherapy (plus trastuzumab for HER2-positive tumors) as first-line therapy for participants with advanced Esophageal and Gastric Adenocarcinoma (EGA). The investigators hypothesize that this drug combination will be better tolerated than current first-line chemotherapy combinations for this disease.
Nataliya Uboha, MD
All
18 Years and over
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04150640
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Written informed consent and HIPAA authorization for release of personal health information. NOTE: HIPAA authorization may be included in the informed consent or obtained separately.
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0-2.
• Histological or cytological confirmed locally advanced or metastatic EGA. Known HER2 status prior to treatment initiation required. Known PDL1 CPS status prior to treatment initiation.
• Measurable disease according to RECIST v1.1.
• No prior lines of systemic therapy for advanced disease.
• Participants who had received neoadjuvant or adjuvant therapy or definitive chemoradiation will be allowed to participate if recurrence occurred 6 months or longer from the completion of all prior treatments.
• Demonstrate adequate organ function as defined below; all screening labs to be obtained within 14 days prior to registration
• Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) ≥1,500 /μl without the use of hematopoietic growth factors
• Hemoglobin (Hgb) ≥8 g/dL (blood transfusions are permitted for participants with hemoglobin levels below 8 g/dL)
• Platelets ≥100,000 /μl
• Serum creatinine ≤1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN) OR Measured or calculated creatinine clearance (GFR can also be used in place of creatinine or CrCl). CrCl calculation using the Cockcroft-Gault formula. ≥50 mL/min for participants with creatinine levels > 1.5 X institutional ULN
• Bilirubin within normal range for the institution (biliary drainage is allowed for biliary obstruction)
• Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 2.5 X ULN OR ≤ 5 X ULN for subjects with liver metastases
• Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 2.5 X ULN OR ≤ 5 X ULN for subjects with liver metastases
• Albumin >3.0 g/dL
• International Normalized Ratio (INR) or Prothrombin Time (PT) ≤1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
• Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (aPTT) ≤1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
• Women of childbearing potential should have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test within 14 days of study registration. NOTE: Women are considered of child bearing potential unless they are surgically sterile (have undergone a hysterectomy, bilateral tubal ligation, or bilateral oophorectomy) or they are naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months
• Women of childbearing potential and males must be willing to abstain from heterosexual activity or to use a form of effective method of contraception from the time of informed consent until 30 days after treatment discontinuation.
• As determined by the enrolling physician or protocol designee, ability of the subject to understand and comply with study procedures for the entire length of the study.
Exclusion Criteria:

• Known hypersensitivity to 5-FU, oxaliplatin or other platinum agents, or any of the components of nal-IRI and other liposomal products.
• Known dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) deficiency (testing not required prior to enrollment).
• Other active malignancy requiring treatment within the last 2 years. Exceptions include subjects with non-melanoma skin cancer, non-invasive/in situ cancer or low-risk prostate cancer requiring hormonal therapy only.
• Current therapy with other investigational agents or participation in another clinical study (supportive care and nontherapeutic trial participation allowed if not receiving an investigational drug). Participants may participate in prescreening for other therapeutic trials (prescreening of biologic sample for specific mutations, receptors, etc.)
• Major surgery within 28 days or minor surgery within 14 days of the start of the study treatment, except for tumor biopsy or placement of central infusion device (port placement).
• Radiotherapy less than 7 days prior to the start of the study treatment
• Participants who receive nivolumab or pembrolizumab in addition to chemotherapy should not have any contraindications to immune checkpoint inhibitors and should not have received immunotherapy agents for the treatment of EGA prior to study enrollment.
• Participants must not have active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years. Participants are permitted to receive immunotherapy l if they have vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger (precipitating event).
• Participants must not have a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (>10 mg/day prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study immunotherapy administration. Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses (≤10 mg/day prednisone equivalent) are permitted. Participants with prior immune mediated adverse events related to immunotherapy that resulted in permanent treatment discontinuation with these agents.
• Psychological, familial, or sociological condition potentially hampering compliance with the study protocol and follow-up schedule.
• Active infection requiring systemic therapy.
• Pregnant or breastfeeding.
• Known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis. Participants with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are stable (without evidence of progression by imaging for at least four weeks prior to the first dose of trial treatment and any neurologic symptoms have returned to baseline), have no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases, and are not using steroids for at least 7 days prior to trial treatment. This exception does not include carcinomatous meningitis, which is excluded regardless of clinical stability.
• Severe arterial thromboembolic events (myocardial infarction, unstable angina pectoris, stroke) less than 6 months before inclusion.
• NYHA Class III or IV congestive heart failure, ventricular arrhythmias or uncontrolled blood pressure.
• Known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
Esophageal Adenocarcinoma, Gastric Adenocarcinoma, Esophagus, Stomach
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Split-Dose R-CHOP for Older Adults With DLBCL

This study is investigating a new administration schedule of Rituximab, Cyclophosphamide, Doxorubicin, Vincristine, Prednisone (R-CHOP) chemotherapy for participants with Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL), focusing on an underserved elderly population (aged 75 and up; certain participants 70-74 may be eligible) that is often excluded from clinical trials. Participants can expect to be on study for 2.5 years (treatment for 6 months and 2 years of post treatment follow-up).
Christopher Fletcher, MD
All
70 Years and over
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03943901
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Signed and dated informed consent document indicating that the participant (or legally acceptable representative) has been informed of all pertinent aspects of the trial
• All patients age ≥75 years and participants aged 70-74 years who are determined to be unfit or frail by Cumulative Illness Rating Score-Geriatrics (CIRS-G) scale
• For participants aged 70-74 years: CIRS-G score with 5-8 comorbid conditions scored 2 or ≥1 comorbidity scored 3-4
• Newly diagnosed, untreated, biopsy proven CD20 positive DLBCL (including high grade B-cell lymphoma & T-cell/histiocytic rich large B-cell lymphoma). Participants with discordant bone marrow (i.e. involved by low-grade/indolent NHL) are eligible. Participants with transformed DLBCL from underlying low-grade disease are eligible. Participants with composite DLBCL and concurrent low-grade lymphoma are eligible.
• Copy of pathology report must be sent to coordinating site to confirm diagnosis for eligibility
• Participants with prior treatment for low grade NHL with non-anthracycline based regimens are eligible
• Measurable disease by PET/CT or Bone Marrow (BM) biopsy prior to enrollment
• Left ventricular ejection fraction ≥50% by resting echocardiography or resting Multi-gated acquisition (MUGA) scan
• Karnofsky Performance Score ≥50
• Ann Arbor Stage II bulky, III, or IV disease
• Minimum life expectancy greater than 3 months
• Negative HIV test
• For participants with hepatitis B virus antigen (HbsAg) or core antibody (HbcAb) seropositivity, participants must have a negative Hep B viral load and an appropriate prophylaxis plan must be in place during chemotherapy therapy treatment. For all participants that have Hep B core antibody positive, they should take entecavir prophylaxis (0.5 mg PO daily) until 1 year from completion of chemotherapy. Hep B viral load should be checked on these participants prior to starting chemotherapy and every 3 months thereafter if initial Hep B viral load is negative (+/- 1 week if chemotherapy cycle is delayed). If Hep B viral load is positive, Hepatology or Identification (ID) referral is recommended, and hepatitis B virus (HBV) viral load should be checked monthly
• For participants with hepatitis C Ab (HbcAb) positivity, a viral load must be checked and be negative for enrollment
• Intrathecal chemotherapy for central nervous system prophylaxis only can be given at the discretion of the primary oncologist
Exclusion Criteria:

• History of previous anthracycline exposure
• Central Nervous System (CNS) or meningeal involvement at diagnosis
• Creatinine Clearance <25 mL/min by body surface area (BSA)-adjusted Cockroft-Gault
• Poor hepatic function, defined as total bilirubin concentration greater than 3.0 mg/dL or transaminases over 4 times the maximum normal concentration, unless these abnormalities are felt to be related to the lymphoma.
• Pulmonary dysfunction defined as >2 L of oxygen required by nasal cannula to maintain peripheral capillary oxygen saturation (SpO2) ≥90% unless felt to be related to underlying lymphoma.
• Myocardial Infarction within 6 months of enrollment
• Active, uncontrolled infectious disease
• Known concurrent bone marrow malignancies (e.g. myelodysplastic syndrome) or poor bone-marrow reserve, defined as neutrophil count less than 1.5×10⁹/L or platelet count less than 100×10⁹/L, unless caused by bone-marrow infiltration with lymphoma
• History of a second concurrent active malignancy or prior malignancy which required chemotherapy treatment within the preceding 2 years
• Treatment with any investigational drug within 30 days before the planned first cycle of chemotherapy
• Unable or unwilling to sign consent
Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma, DLBCL, Cancer, Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Lymphoma
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Real-Time MRI-Guided 3-Fraction Accelerated Partial Breast Irradiation in Early Breast Cancer (MAPBI)

This trial will investigate a novel 3-fraction radiation regimen for participants undergoing breast-conserving therapy (BCT) for early breast cancer that will: 1) significantly reduce the duration of treatment and can be completed in one-week (5 working days) and 2) MRI-guided radiotherapy (MRIdian) would limit the volume of normal tissue radiated and therefore resultant toxicity. The hypothesis is that 3-fraction radiation therapy can be delivered safely without compromising the therapeutic ratio. Participants can expect to be on study for follow up up to 5 years.
Bethany Anderson, MD
Female
40 Years and over
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03936478
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Inclusion Criteria:
For all participants
• Participants should have no contraindications to undergo MRI scan as part of radiotherapy planning and treatment.
• Lumpectomy cavity must be clearly visible on CT and MRI scan at radiotherapy simulation.
• Pregnancy test negative in women of child bearing potential (WOCBP).
• The participant must consent to be in the study and must have signed an approved consent form conforming with institutional guidelines.
• Participants with a history of non-breast malignancies are eligible if they have been disease-free for 5 or more years prior and are deemed by their physician to be at low risk for recurrence. Participants with the following cancers are eligible if diagnosed and treated within the past 5 years: carcinoma in situ of the cervix, carcinoma in situ of the colon, melanoma in situ, and basal cell and squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. For participants with Invasive Carcinoma
• Suitable:
• Age: >=50 years
• Margins: Negative by at least 2 mm
• T Stage: Tis or T1
• Cautionary:
• Age: 40-49 years
• Margins: Negative by at least 2 mm
• T Stage: Tis or T1 OR
• Age: >=50 years IF participant has at least 1 of the pathologic factors below and does not have any "unsuitable" factors (below)
• Pathologic Factors:
• Size 2.1-3.0 cm (size of the invasive component)
• T2
• Close margins (<2 mm)
• Limited/focal Lymphovascular Space Invasion (LVSI)
• ER (-)
• Clinically unifocal with total size 2.1-3.0 cm (Microscopic multifocality allowed, provided the lesion is clinically unifocal (a single discrete lesion by physical examination and ultrasonography/mammography) and the total lesion size (including foci of multifocality and intervening normal breast parenchyma) falls between 2.1 and 3.0 cm).
• Invasive lobular histology
• Extensive Intraductal Component (EIC) <=3 cm For participants with DCIS
• Suitable Criteria, DCIS allowed if all of the following are met:
• Screen-detected
• Low to intermediate nuclear grade
• Size <=2.5 cm
• Resected with margins negative at >=3mm OR
• Cautionary Criteria:
• Pure DCIS <=3 cm if "suitable" criteria not fully met Exclusion Criteria (unsuitable criteria) :
• Men are not eligible for this study.
• BRCA1/2 mutation positivity.
• Age < 40 years (American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) Unsuitable Criteria).
• Positive resection margins on post operative pathology(ASTRO Unsuitable Criteria).
• Palpable or radiographically suspicious ipsilateral or contralateral axillary, supraclavicular, infraclavicular, or internal mammary nodes, unless there is histologic confirmation that these nodes are negative for tumor.
• Suspicious micro calcifications, densities, or palpable abnormalities (in the ipsilateral or contralateral breast) unless biopsied and found to be benign.
• Non-epithelial breast malignancies such as sarcoma or lymphoma.
• Proven multicentric carcinoma (invasive cancer or DCIS) (ASTRO Unsuitable Criteria).
• Pure DCIS >3 cm in size (ASTRO Unsuitable Criteria).
• Presence of extensive intraductal component >30mm (ASTRO Unsuitable Criteria).
• Paget's disease of the nipple.
• History of previous invasive breast cancer, DCIS, synchronous bilateral invasive or non-invasive breast cancer. (Participants with a history of LCIS treated by surgery alone are eligible.)
• Surgical margins that cannot be microscopically assessed or are positive at pathologic evaluation.
• Concurrent therapy with any hormonal agents such as raloxifene (Evista®), tamoxifen, Aromatase Inhibitors or other selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs), either for osteoporosis or breast cancer prevention or neoadjuvant therapy.
• Breast implants.
• Prior breast or thoracic radiotherapy for any condition or treatment plan that includes regional nodal irradiation.
• Collagen vascular disease, specifically dermatomyositis with a creatinine phosphokinase level above normal or with an active skin rash, systemic lupus erythematosus, or scleroderma.
• Pregnancy or lactation at the time of treatment. Women of reproductive potential must agree to use an effective non-hormonal method of contraception during therapy.
• Psychiatric or addictive disorders or other conditions that, in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude the participant from meeting the study requirements.
Breast Cancer, DCIS, LCIS, Breast
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Evaluation and Treatment of Iron Deficiency in Ovarian Cancer Patients

This study tests the hypothesis that IV iron sucrose infusions given to iron deficient ovarian cancer patients prior to debulking surgery can improve pre-operative iron stores and decrease transfusion of packed red blood cells in the peri-operative period. 21 participants at least 18 years of age with epithelial ovarian cancer of any stage requiring neoadjuvant chemotherapy and surgery will be enrolled. Participants will be on study for a period of up to 3 months.
Lisa Barroilhet, MD
Female
18 Years and over
Phase 1/Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03933813
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Provide written informed consent.
• Has a diagnosis of true or functional iron deficiency without anemia within 30 days of treatment on this protocol
• Iron deficiency without anemia (normal Hgb >/= 11.6 g/dL but ferritin < 30 ng/mL)
• Functional iron deficiency without anemia (ferritin >30 ng/ml and iron saturation of <50%)
• Has a clinical diagnosis of suspected epithelial ovarian cancer based on imaging studies, exam findings and laboratory values
• Participants must be planning to receive neoadjuvant chemotherapy for their cancer diagnosis (NACT is defined as chemotherapy prior to debulking surgery)
• Participants must be planning to undergo surgery for their cancer diagnosis
• Women of child-bearing potential (WOCBP) must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days prior to administration of first dose of IV iron sucrose. WOCBP is defined as patients who retain their reproductive structures and are not menopausal (defined as > age 50 with no menses for at least 1 year)
• Participants of reproductive potential must agree to use effective birth control during study participation. Effective birth control is defined as any FDA approved contraceptive method
Exclusion Criteria:

• Currently taken any form of oral or intravenous iron therapy. Patients must have discontinued iron therapy > 30 days from study entry
• Current untreated or unstable heart disease
• History of iron induced hypersensitivity or allergy
• History of leukemia, lymphoma, or other myelodysplastic disorders
• Prior diagnosis of hemochromatosis or hemoglobinopathy (e.g. thalassemia)
• Any subject with immediate requirement for radiotherapy
• Concomitant enrollment in another clinical trial interfering with endpoints on this study
• Any medical condition which could compromise participation in the study according to the investigator's assessment
• Female patient who is pregnant or breast-feeding
• Patients unwilling or unable to comply with the protocol or unable to give informed consent
Epithelial Ovarian Cancer, Anemia, Iron Deficiency Anemia, Ovary
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Immunonutrition and Carbohydrate Loading Strategies in Breast Reconstruction

This study is designed to test the following hypothesis: patients undergoing immediate alloplastic and autologous breast reconstruction following mastectomy that receive preoperative immunonutrition will experience a reduction in wound complications in the 30-day postoperative period compared to a standard of care control group (retrospective chart review) of 264 (132 alloplastic + 132 autologous) consecutive breast reconstruction patients prior to 5/25/2018.
Katherine Gast
Female
18 Years and over
Phase 3
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03764943
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Medically cleared to undergo oncologic resection and breast reconstructive surgery (including associated anesthesia) at the University of Wisconsin Hospital
• Undergoing unilateral or bilateral immediate alloplastic or autologous breast reconstruction by Drs. Afifi, Garland, Gast, Michelotti, Poore, Rao, or Siebert
Exclusion Criteria:

• Pregnant or breast-feeding women
• Incarcerated women
• Males
• Individuals unable to give consent due to another condition such as impaired decision-making capacity
• Women with intolerance or allergy to any ingredients contained within the Impact Advanced Recovery formula that prevents safe consumption of this product.
• Impact Advanced Recovery is suitable for lactose intolerance, gluten-free, kosher, and halal diets.
• We will exclude individuals with galactosemia
• Women who are unable to take oral nutritional supplements
Wound Complication, Wound Heal, Complications Wound, Surgical Wound Infection, Surgical Site Infection, Breast Cancer, Mastectomy, Lymphedema, Breast
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Treatment of Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Infections With Viral-Specific T Cells

The present trial will consist of the treatment of 20 pediatric and adult Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) recipients or immunocompromised participants diagnosed with opportunistic Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections with virus-specific, antigen-selected T-cells. CMV-specific T-cells will be isolated from donor leukapheresis products using the CliniMACS® Prodigy. Prior studies on transfer of CMV specific T-cells have been shown to be safe and efficacious in the treatment of CMV infections. The main trial objective is to evaluate the feasibility and safety of CMV-specific T-cell transfer in adult and pediatric participants suffering from CMV infections or reactivation following HSCT or due to other immunocompromised states (e.g.; primary immunodeficiency, cytotoxic therapy). Participants will be followed for one year.
Inga Hofmann, M.D.
All
1 Month and over
Phase 1
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03798301
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Inclusion Criteria:
1. Adult or pediatric patient suffering from CMV reactivation/infections following HSCT or due to other immunocompromised states (e.g.; primary immunodeficiency, cytotoxic therapy).
• CMV reactivation/viremia defined as positive (>500 copies/ml) CMV qPCR and/or
• Presence of symptoms secondary to CMV infection or evidence of invasive CMV infection (e.g. pneumonitis, colitis) AND
• Patients must have ONE OF THE FOLLOWING CRITERIA:
• Absence of an improvement of viral load after ≥ 14 days of antiviral therapy with ganciclovir, valganciclovir or foscarnet (decrease by at least 1 log, i.e. 10-fold), or
• New, persistent and/or worsening CMV-related symptoms, signs and/or markers of end organ compromise while on antiviral therapy with ganciclovir, valganciclovir or foscarnet, or
• Have contraindications or experience adverse effects of antiviral therapy with ganciclovir, valganciclovir or foscarnet, or
• Known resistance to ganciclovir and/or foscarnet based on molecular testing. 2. Recipients of an allogeneic HSCT must be 28 days after stem cell infusion at the time of T-cell transfer. 3. Written informed consent given by patient or legal representative. 4. Minimum patient age 1 month. 5. Minimum weight 7 lbs. 6. Female patients of childbearing age with negative pregnancy tests. 7. Patient Karnofsky/Lansky Performance Status >30%. 8. Donor eligible based on FACT infectious screening requirements.
Exclusion Criteria:
1. Patient with acute GVHD > grade 2 or active moderate or severe chronic GVHD at time of T-cell transfer 2. Patient receiving steroids (>1.0 mg/kg body weight (BW) prednisone equivalent) at the time of T-cell transfer 3. Patient received allogeneic HSCT less than 28 days prior to T-cell transfer 4. Patient treated with donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) within 28 days prior to T-cell transfer 5. Patient treated with Thymoglobulin (ATG), Alemtuzumab or T-cell immunosuppressive monoclonal antibodies within 28 days. 6. Patient with organ dysfunction or failure as determined by Karnofsky (patients >16 years) or Lansky (patients ≤16 years) score ≤30% (Appendix 5) 7. Patients with CMV retinitis 8. Concomitant enrollment in another clinical trial with endpoints interfering with this study 9. Any medical condition which could compromise participation in the study according to the investigator's assessment 10. Known HIV infection 11. Female patient who is pregnant or breast-feeding, or adult of reproductive potential not willing to use an effective method of birth control during study treatment. Note: Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test at study entry. 12. Patients unwilling or unable to comply with the protocol or unable to give informed consent. Donor Eligibility: The original donor will be the first choice as source of T cells. If the original donor is not available for donation (such as NMDP donor, cord blood unit, or related donor not available) of peripheral mononuclear cells or does not meet all donor eligibility criteria (including donor selection criteria based on University of Wisconsin
•Madison Standard Operating Procedures for the selection of allogeneic donors), alternative related donors will be selected, with preference for those who have full HLA matching in 6/6 loci over those with partial HLA matching (≥ 3/6 HLA loci). 1. All donors must be ≥ 18 years old, available, CMV IgG positive, eligible and capable of undergoing a single standard 2 blood volume leukapheresis. If original HSCT donor is not available, CMV IgG negative or ineligible, a CMV IgG positive fully matched or haploidentical family donor will be used. 2. Related donors must be at least partially HLA compatible, matching with recipient in at least 3/6 HLA loci (HLA-A, HLA-B and HLA-DRB1 will be considered for this). 3. Donors must be CMV IgG seropositive. 4. Donors must show CMV T-cell activation after incubation with MACS GMP PepTivator Peptide Pools of CMV pp65 before undergoing leukapheresis. 5. Donor must meet the criteria for donor selection defined in the Standard Operating Procedures of the University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Stem Cell Transplant Program and in FACT standards.
Anus, Any Site, Bones and Joints, Brain and Nervous System, Breast, Cervix, Colon, Corpus Uteri, Esophagus, Eye and Orbit, Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Ill-Defined Sites, Kaposi's Sarcoma, Kidney, Larynx, Leukemia, other, Lip, Oral Cavity and Pharynx, Liver, Lung, Lymphoid Leukemia, Melanoma, Skin, Multiple Myeloma, Mycosis Fungoides, Myeloid and Monocytic Leukemia, Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Other Digestive Organ, Other Endocrine System, Other Female Genital, Other Hematopoietic, Other Male Genital, Other Respiratory and Intrathoracic Organs, Other Skin, Other Urinary, Ovary, Pancreas, Prostate, Rectum, Small Intestine, Soft Tissue, Stomach, Thyroid, Unknown Sites, Urinary Bladder, Head and Neck, Gastrointestinal cancers, other, Colon and Rectum, Anal, Sarcoma, Melanoma/Skin cancer, Hematologic cancers, other, Uterus, Genitourinary cancers, other, Bladder, Brain/Central Nervous System, Endocrine cancers, Lymphoma, Leukemia, CMV Infection, Cytomegalovirus Infections, CMV Viremia, Opportunistic Infections
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Hybrid Molecular Imaging of ER in Breast Cancer Patients With DCIS

This prospective, one-arm study which will enroll participants with biopsy-proven DCIS scheduled for diagnostic breast MRI for preoperative staging/extent of disease evaluation as part of standard of care. Eligible participants will be consented for participation in the research study which includes a directed breast PET/MRI with 18F-FES. 18F-FES uptake of the known malignancy will be measured on the PET/MRI examination using standardized uptake values (SUV) and tumor-to-normal tissue ratios.
Amy Fowler, M.D., Ph.D.
Female
18 Years and over
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03703492
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Diagnosis of biopsy-proven DCIS without invasion or microinvasion measuring at least 1.0 cm in diameter by any imaging modality
• Undergoing diagnostic breast MRI ordered by the referring clinician for staging and extent of disease
Exclusion Criteria:

• Inability or unwillingness to provide informed consent to the study
• Surgery, radiation, neoadjuvant chemo/endocrine therapy for the current malignancy prior to study enrollment
• Participants currently taking or have taken an ER-blocking medication (e.g. tamoxifen, raloxifene) within 6 weeks prior to study enrollment
• Pregnant or lactating women
• Participant with intolerance or contraindications for MRI or gadolinium-based contrast agents
• Participant girth exceeds the bore of the MRI/PET scanner
• Participants with a history of allergic reaction attributable to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to 18F-FES
• Participants in liver failure as judged by the patient's physician, due to the hepatobiliary clearance of 18F-FES
• Participants requiring intravenous (IV) conscious sedation for imaging are not eligible; participants requiring mild, oral anxiolytics for the clinical MRI will be allowed to participate as long as the following criteria are met:
• The participant has their own prescription for the medication
• The informed consent process is conducted prior to the self-administration of this medication
• They come to the research visit with a driver or an alternative plan for transportation (e.g. Uber, taxi, etc.)
Malignant neoplasms of breast, Breast Cancer, Ductal Carcinoma in Situ - Category
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Pharmacodynamic Biomarkers of Standard Anti-microtubule Drugs as Assessed by Early Tumor Biopsy

Eligible subjects will be assigned to study treatment arms by their treating oncologist, rather than by the study. The drug, dose, and schedule of administration will be determined by the treating physician per NCCN guidelines for standard of care chemotherapy regimens for recurrent or metastatic breast cancer. Study treatment arms include: Taxane (nab-paclitaxel or paclitaxel), Eribulin, Vinorelbine, Ixabepilone, or the control arm (non-microtubule targeted chemotherapies such as doxorubicin, carboplatin, or gemcitabine).
Mark Burkard, MD, PhD
All
18 Years and over
N/A
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03393741
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Men and women with histologically or cytologically demonstrated breast cancer that is deemed metastatic or incurable by the treating physician.
• It is medically appropriate to treat the patient with an antimitotic agent or an intravenous control chemotherapeutic agent by IV infusion at standard doses as per the treating physician. Please see NCCN guidelines for standard of care, p58 for standard chemotherapy regimens for recurrent or metastatic breast cancer7.
• The patient has measureable disease as determined by RECIST 1.1.
• Archived tissue is available from either primary, metastatic site or both.
• It is safe and feasible to obtain a research tumor biopsy on cycle 1 day 2 with a biopsy of an accessible lesion such as liver, lung, lymph node, skin, breast, or bone.
• All pre-chemotherapy test results (tests per treating oncologist discretion) have been reviewed and deemed appropriate for planned chemotherapy by the patient's treating oncologist.
Exclusion Criteria:

• HER2+ breast cancer by standard criteria.
• Pregnant women are excluded from this study because systemic chemotherapy may cause deleterious effects to the fetus. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with systemic chemotherapy, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is enrolled in the trial.
• Planned treatment with hormonal therapy, or targeted oral therapy during trial enrollment.
Breast, Breast Cancer, Breast Neoplasms
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Bendamustine + Obinutuzumab Induction With Obinutuzumab Maintenance in Untreated Mantle Cell Lymphoma

This is a phase II single-arm, open-label, multicenter study evaluating the efficacy and safety of the combination of induction chemoimmunotherapy with bendamustine and obinutuzumab (BO) followed by consolidation therapy and maintenance therapy with obinutuzumab in subjects who have not received prior cytotoxic chemotherapy for their MCL (i.e., prior single agent rituximab is permitted, prior involved-field radiotherapy is permitted).
Julie Chang, MD
All
18 Years and over
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03311126
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Inclusion Criteria:
1. Age ≥18 years at the time of signing the informed consent document. 2. Histologically confirmed mantle cell lymphoma (confirmation of cyclin D1 positivity on diagnostic biopsy). 3. Subjects must have at least one bi-dimensionally measurable lesion; one of the measurements must be ≥1.5 cm in one direction 4. No prior cytotoxic chemotherapy; prior therapy with single-agent rituximab is permitted. Prior involved-field radiotherapy to symptomatic nodal sites of involvement is also permitted. 5. Prior therapy with rituximab is permitted, even in the setting of rituximab-refractory disease. 6. Must meet one of the following criteria: 1. Not eligible for more intensive cytotoxic chemotherapy or consolidative autologous stem cell transplant based on one or more of the following:
• Clinically significant heart or lung comorbidities, as reflected by at least 1 of the following:
• LVEF ≤ 50%
• Chronic stable angina or congestive heart failure controlled with medication
• NYHA class III or IV heart failure
• Symptomatic chronic pulmonary disease or requirement for intermittent or continuous oxygen therapy
• Presence of other medical comorbidity or limitation in functional status which the investigator judges to be incompatible with an acceptable risk to the subject with the use of intensive chemotherapy. The associated comorbidity or functional limitation must be clearly documented in the medical record at the time of enrollment. OR 2. Subject has been informed of the risks and benefits of intensive chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplant for treatment of mantle cell lymphoma and has refused this option. This discussion must be clearly documented in the medical record at the time of enrollment. 7. ECOG performance status of ≤2 at study entry. 8. Laboratory test results within these ranges: 1. Absolute neutrophil count ≥1500/µL. 2. Platelet count ≥100,000/µL. 3. Subjects with neutrophils <1500/µL or platelets <100,000/µL with splenomegaly or extensive bone marrow involvement as the etiology for their cytopenias are eligible. 4. Subjects must have adequate renal function with a creatinine clearance of ≥40 mL/min as determined by the Cockcroft-Gault calculation. 5. Total bilirubin ≤2X upper limit laboratory normal (ULN); subjects with nonclinically significant elevations of bilirubin due to Gilbert's disease are not required to meet these criteria. 6. Serum transaminases AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) ≤5X ULN. 7. Serum alkaline phosphatase ≤5X ULN. 9. Disease-free of prior malignancies for ≥2 years with the exception of basal or squamous cell skin carcinoma, carcinoma "in situ" of the breast or cervix, or localized prostate cancer (treated definitively with hormone therapy, radiotherapy, or surgery). 10. Life expectancy of at least 3 months. 11. Understand and voluntarily sign an informed consent document.
Exclusion Criteria:
1. Subjects are not eligible if there is a prior history or current evidence of central nervous system or leptomeningeal involvement. 2. Concurrent use of other anti-cancer agents or treatments. 3. Any serious medical condition, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness that would prevent the subject from signing the informed consent document or complying with the protocol treatment. 4. Prior malignancy, except for adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical or breast cancer, or other cancer from which the subject has been disease free for at least 2 years. 5. Severe or life-threatening anaphylaxis or hypersensitivity reaction when previously exposed to rituximab or other mAb therapy. 6. Known to be positive for HIV or infectious hepatitis (type B or C). 7. Pregnant or breast-feeding females. 8. Any condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities, which places the subject at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study or confounds the ability to interpret data from the study
Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Lymphoma, Mantle Cell Lymphoma, Non-hodgkin Lymphoma, Non Hodgkin Lymphoma
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A Dose-Escalation Study Evaluating Safety and Tolerability of Viral-Specific T Cells Against CMV in Adult Solid Organ Transplant Recipients

This study measures the tolerability of viral-specific T cells against Cytomegalovirus (CMV) in adult solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients. Participants are expected to be on study for 52 +/- 3 weeks.
Sandesh Parajuli, MD, MBBS
All
18 Years to 75 Years old
Phase 1
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT03950414
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Inclusion Criteria:
1. Adult (age ≥ 18 and ≤75) patients suffering from CMV reactivation/infections following solid organ transplantation (e.g., liver, pancreas, lung, heart, and multi-solid organ)
• CMV reactivation/viremia defined as positive (>250 copies/mL) CMV qPCR(quantitative polymerase chain reaction) AND/OR
• Presence of symptoms secondary to CMV infection or evidence of invasive CMV infection (e.g. pneumonitis, colitis) AND ONE OF THE FOLLOWING CRITERIA:
• Absence of an improvement of viral load after ≥ 14 days of standard antiviral therapy with ganciclovir, valganciclovir or foscarnet (decrease by at least 1 log, i.e. 10-fold), or
• New, persistent and/or worsening CMV-related symptoms, signs and/or markers of end organ compromise while on anti-viral therapy with medications such as ganciclovir, acyclovir, valganciclovir, foscarnet, cidofovir, IVIG(Intravenous immunoglobulin), and/or letermovir, or
• Have contraindications or experience adverse effects of anti-viral therapy with medications such as ganciclovir, acyclovir, valganciclovir, foscarnet, cidofovir, IVIG, and/or letermovir, or
• Known resistance to the anti-viral medications ganciclovir, foscarnet and/or cidofovir based on molecular testing 2. Availability of eligible donor 3. Written informed consent given by patient
Exclusion Criteria:
1. Patient with acute rejection of allograft at time of T-cell transfer 2. Patient receiving steroids (>0.5 mg/kg body weight (BW) prednisone equivalent) at the time of T-cell transfer 3. Patient treated with Thymoglobulin (ATG), Alemtuzumab or T-cell immunosuppressive monoclonal antibodies within 28 days 4. Patients with CMV retinitis 5. Concomitant enrollment in another clinical trial interfering with endpoints of this study 6. Any medical condition which could compromise participation in the study according to the investigator's assessment 7. Known HIV infection 8. Female patient who is pregnant or breast-feeding, or adult of reproductive potential not willing to use an effective method of birth control during study treatment Note: Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test at study entry. 9. Patients unwilling or unable to comply with the protocol or unable to give informed consent Donor Eligibility Donor selection priority: The original donor will be the first choice as the source of T cells. If donation from the original organ donor is not possible (e.g., donor is unavailable or ineligible), then an alternative related donor will be selected, with preference for those who have full HLA matching in 6/6 loci over those with partial HLA matching (≥ 2/6 HLA loci). See Appendix 1 for patient and donor screening procedures. 1. ≥ 18 years old 2. Available and capable of undergoing a single standard 2 blood volume leukapheresis or donation of one unit of whole blood. 3. If the original transplant donor is not eligible, then an eligible fully matched or eligible partially matched family member will be used as the donor. 4. Related donors must be at least partially HLA compatible, matching with recipient in at least 2/6 HLA loci (HLA-A, HLA-B and HLA-DRB1 will be considered for this). 5. Donors must be CMV IgG seropositive. 6. Donors must show CMV T-cell activation after incubation with MACS GMP PepTivator Peptide Pools of CMV pp65 before undergoing leukapheresis. 7. Donor must meet the criteria for donor selection defined in the UWHC Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Program SOP and FACT standards, which comply with 21 CFR 1271, subpart C. 8. Donor must provide written informed consent.
Cytomegaloviral disease, Kidney replaced by transplant, Cytomegalovirus Infections, Solid Organ Transplant
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Microwave Ablation With MRI-Guided SBRT Boost in Renal Cell Carcinoma

The specific aims of this study are: 1. To determine the safety and feasibility of treating patients with a combination of MRI guided stereotactic body radiation therapy and microwave ablation. 2. To assess short and long-term toxicity rates of patients treated with a combined modality approach. 3. To assess local control, survival, and pathologic response to treatment
Michael Bassetti, MD
All
18 Years and over
Phase 1/Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT02782715
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Patients with imaging findings consistent with renal cell carcinoma
• Deemed medically inoperable per urology evaluation
• Tumor size >4cm in largest dimension
• ECOG performance status of <2
• Signed informed consent document(s)
• Patients with metastatic disease will not be excluded
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients who fail MRI screening
• Pregnant or nursing women
• History of prior radiation therapy to the upper abdomen
• History of invasive cancer in the last 3 years (except for appropriately treated low-rist prostate cancer, treated non-melanoma/melanoma skin cancer, appropriately treated ductal carcinoma in situ or early stage invasive carcinoma of breast and appropriately treated in-situ/early stage cervical/endometrial cancer)
• Treatment with a non-approved or investigational drug within 28 days of study treatment
Carcinoma, Renal Cell, Kidney
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The Effect of Methotrexate on Sperm Quality in Men With Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the gastrointestinal tract which includes Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) which peak in incidence (rate or frequency) during the reproductive years. An increasing number of young people will face challenging decisions regarding medical management of this chronic disease during a period of time when they are still completing schooling, establishing their career, and/or are building a family. Treatment options for IBD consist of immunosuppressive therapy, such as immunomodulators (azathioprine and methotrexate). Methotrexate (MTX) is a folic acid antagonist (a substance that interferes with or inhibits the action of another). It is thought that MTX works by decreasing the inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract. MTX has been studied for many years and in used as treatment in not only IBD, but also in conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus. However, due to concerns about the safety of MTX, particularly in regards to fertility and pregnancy has limited its current use. Participants are invited to take part in this research project to determine whether the treatment of IBD patients with MTX is associated with an increased risk for infertility. Investigators will recruit 75 male IBD patients under MTX treatment for their IBD as well as 75 healthy male controls for a total of 150 patients at the University of Wisconsin Hospital & Clinics.
Sumona Saha, M.D.
Male
18 Years to 40 Years old
Pilot
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT02461784
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Inclusion Criteria:
1. Cases: Men aged 18 to 40 years with a confirmed diagnosis of UC or CD based on endoscopy, pathology, and/or radiology AND who regularly take MTX (per oral, subcutaneous, or intramuscular) either as monotherapy or in combination with mesalamine (any except sulfasalazine), corticosteroids, anti-TNF agents, or anti-adhesion molecules for at least one month specifically for the treatment of IBD. Controls: Men aged 18 to 40 years with a confirmed diagnosis of UC or CD based on endoscopy, pathology, and/or radiology AND who do not take MTX (per oral, subcutaneous, or intramuscular) either as monotherapy or in combination with other IBD-specific drugs. 2. Individual able and willing to consent to donate their sperm to research.
Exclusion Criteria:
1. Men with previously documented problems with male reproductive health such as known hypothalamic-pituitary disorders (e.g. pituitary macroadenomas, pituitary infarction), primary hypogonadism (e.g. cryptorchidism, Klinefelter's syndrome), or disorders of sperm transport (e.g. erectile dysfunction, history of vasectomy) 2. Current use of alkylating agents, ketoconazole, sulfalsalazine, H2-receptor antagonists or spironolactone 3. Men who have undergone ileal pouch anal anastomosis within 3 months of study entry
Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), Crohn's disease [regional enteritis], Ulcerative Colitis, Digestive Health & Liver Disease
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Alpha/Beta CD19+ Depleted Haploidentical Transplantation + Zometa for Pediatric Hematologic Malignancies and Solid Tumors

This phase I trial studies the safety of transplantation with a haploidentical donor peripheral blood stem cell graft depleted of TCRαβ+ cells and CD19+ cells in conjunction with the immunomodulating drug, Zoledronate, given in the post-transplant period to treat pediatric patients with relapsed or refractory hematologic malignancies or high risk solid tumors.
Christian Capitini, MD
All
7 Months to 21 Years old
Phase 1
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT02508038
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Availability of an eligible haploidentical donor
• Hematologic malignancy or solid tumor
• Patients with more than one malignancy (hematologic or solid tumor) are eligible
• Patients with hematologic malignancy must have no HLA identical sibling or suitable unrelated donor OR time needed to find an acceptable unrelated donor match would likely result in disease progression such that the patient may become ineligible for any type of potentially curative transplant
• Relapsed or primary therapy-refractory AML with bone marrow blast < 20%
• High-risk refractory or relapsed ALL in patients for whom transplantation is deemed indicated (relapse occurring < 30 months from diagnosis, patients relapsing after previous allogeneic transplant, relapse after 2nd remission, primary induction failure or hypodiploidy)
• Relapsed Hodgkin lymphoma unable to achieve 2nd remission or Very Good Partial Response (VGPR) and therefore ineligible to receive autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplant (auto-HSCT)
• Hodgkin lymphoma relapsing after auto-HSCT
• Primary refractory or relapsed non-Hodgkin lymphoma unable to achieve 2nd remission or VGPR and therefore ineligible to receive auto-HSCT
• Non-Hodgkin lymphoma relapsing after auto-HSCT
• Myelodysplastic Syndrome/Myeloproliferative Syndrome Solid Tumor
• Patients with solid tumor must have failed or have been ineligible to receive auto-HSCT or if auto-HSCT would not offer > 20% chance of cure
• Neuroblastoma
• high risk with relapsed or refractory disease
• Soft tissue sarcomas (Rhabdomyosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor or other high-risk extracranial solid tumors)
• Relapsed or primary refractory metastatic
• 1st complete remission, but very high-risk features (i.e., < 20% survival with conventional therapy)
• Osteosarcoma
• Failure to achieve Complete Response (CR) following initial therapy
• Relapsed with pulmonary or bone metastases and did not achieve a CR with surgery and/or chemotherapy
• Karnofsky (patients > 16 years) or Lansky (patients 16 years or older) performance score of ≥ 60
• Life expectancy of ≥ 3 months
• Patient must have fully recovered from acute toxic effects of all prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy prior to entering this study
• Study enrollment no earlier than 3 months after preceding HSCT
• Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) ≥ 60 ml/min/1.73m2
• Total bilirubin < 3 mg/dL
• ALT (alanine aminotransferase, SCPT) ≤ 5 x Upper LImit of Normal (ULN) for age
• Ejection fraction of > 40% by Multigated Acquisition Scan (MUGA) or echocardiogram
• No evidence of dyspnea at rest
• No supplemental oxygen requirement
• If measured, carbon monoxide diffusion capacity (DLCO) >50%
• No severe peripheral neuropathy, signs of leukoencephalopathy or active Central Nervous System (CNS) infection
• Patients with seizure disorders may be enrolled if seizures are well controlled on anticonvulsant therapy
• If of reproductive potential, negative pregnancy test and willing to use effective birth control method
• Informed consent from patient or legal guardian (if patient is minor) Inclusion Criteria for Donors:
• Donor must be 18 years of age minimum, 65 years of age maximum
• Donor must be in good general health as determined by evaluating medical provider
• Must meet donor criteria for human cells, tissues, and cellular and tissue-based products per Code of Federal Regulations 21 CFR 1271, subpart C. Specifically:
• Donor screening in accordance with 1271.75 indicates that the donor:
• Is free from risk factors for, and clinical evidence of, infection due to relevant communicable disease agents and diseases; and
• Is free from communicable disease risks associated with xenotransplantation; and
• The results of donor testing for relevant communicable disease agents in accordance with 1271.80 and 1271.85 are negative or nonreactive, except as provided in 1271.80(d)(1).
• Haploidentical by HLA-typing
• Preference will be given to donors who demonstrate KIR incompatibility with recipient HLA class I ligands defined as the donor expressing a KIR gene for which the corresponding HLA class I ligand is not expressed by the recipient.
• Negative testing for relevant communicable diseases:
• Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)
• Hepatitis B core antibody (Anti-HBc)
• Hepatitis C antibody (Anti-HCV)
• HIV 1 & 2 antibody (Anti-HIV-1, 2 plus O)
• HTLV I/II antibody (Anti-HTLV I/II)
• RPR (Syphilis TP)
• CMV (Capture CMV)
• MPX for: HepB (HBV-PCR), HepC (HCV-PCR), HIV (HIV-PCR)
• NAT for West Nile Virus (WNV-PCR)
• T. Cruzi
•EIA (Chagas)
Exclusion Criteria:

• Pregnant or breast-feeding
• HIV infection
• Heart failure or uncontrolled cardiac rhythm disturbance
• Uncontrolled, Serious Active Infection
• Prior organ allograft
• Significant serious intercurrent illness unrelated to cancer or its treatment not covered by other exclusion criteria expected to significantly increase the risk of HSCT
• Any mental or physical condition, in the opinion of the PI (or PI designee), which could interfere with the ability of the subject (or the only parent or legal guardian available to care for the subject) to understand or adhere to the requirements of the study
• Enrollment in any other clinical study from screening up to Day 100 (unless PI judges such enrollment would not interfere with endpoints of this study) Exclusion Criteria for Donors:
• Lactating females
• Pregnant females
Bones and Joints, Brain and Nervous System, Colon, Esophagus, Eye and Orbit, Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Ill-Defined Sites, Kidney, Leukemia, other, Liver, Lung, Lymphoid Leukemia, Myeloid and Monocytic Leukemia, Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Other Female Genital, Other Hematopoietic, Other Male Genital, Other Respiratory and Intrathoracic Organs, Other Skin, Other Urinary, Ovary, Pancreas, Prostate, Rectum, Small Intestine, Soft Tissue, Stomach, Urinary Bladder, Brain/Central Nervous System, Hematologic cancers, other, Leukemia, Lymphoma, Sarcoma, Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Hodgkin Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Myelodysplastic Syndrome, Myeloproliferative Syndrome, Rhabdomyosarcoma, Ewing Sarcoma, Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor, Osteosarcoma, Neuroblastoma
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Carotid Atherosclerotic Plaque Study

First, to establish a comparison of the pathophysiology of carotid atherosclerosis and the genetic and environmental variables that cause those plaques to become symptomatic. Second, to differentiate between vulnerable plaque and other types of plaque using ultrasound elastography, MRI data, trans-cranial doppler along with RF (radio frequency) analysis of back-scattered ultrasonic echoes.
Robert Dempsey, MD
All
18 Years to 80 Years old
NA
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT00214006
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Male and Female patients aged 18-80 presenting for carotid endarterectomy
Exclusion Criteria:

• Patients not felt suitable for carotid endarterectomy and those with impaired decision-making capacity
Carotid artery syndrome (hemispheric), Atherosclerosis, Brain & Neurological
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A Phase II Study of Pulse Reduced Dose Rate Radiation Therapy With Bevacizumab

To determine the efficacy of Pulse Reduced Dose Rate (PRDR) radiation when given in 27 fraction over 5.5 weeks with concurrent bevacizumab followed by adjuvant bevacizumab until time of progression in patients with recurrent high grade gliomas (grade III and grade IV). Patients will be placed in 1 of 4 groups based on their histologic diagnosis and prior exposure to bevacizumab.
Steven Howard, MD
All
18 Years and over
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT01743950
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Histologically confirmed diagnose of a grade WHO grade III or IV glioma
• Recurrent disease based on combination of clinical, imaging or histologic confirmation
• Must have previously received radiation and temozolomide to treat their glioma
• Bevacizumab naive patients must be > 6months post completion of initial radiation therapy
• Bevacizumab exposed patients must be > 3months post completion of initial radiation therapy
• Age must be >18years, KPS must be greater than 60
• Hematology, chemistry and a urinalysis must meet protocol specified criteria
Exclusion Criteria:

• Pregnant or breastfeeding
• May not be on full dose anti-coagulation therapy, Low molecular weight heparin is ok
• Uncontrolled hypertension (>140/90mmHg)
• Prior malignancy unless treated >1 year prior to study and have been without treatment and disease free for 1 yr
• active second malignancy unless non-melanoma skin cancer or cervical cancer in situ
Glioma, Brain and Nervous System, Brain/Central Nervous System
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pTVG-HP DNA Vaccine With or Without pTVG-AR DNA Vaccine and Pembrolizumab in Patients With Castration-Resistant, Metastatic Prostate Cancer

This trial will evaluate the use of one versus two DNA vaccines, delivered concurrently with PD-1 blockade using pembrolizumab followed by treatment with pembrolizumab alone, and delivered over a prolonged period of time (for a maximum of 2 years (32 cycles) or until radiographic progression) on the treatment of castrate-resistant, metastatic prostate cancer. The hypothesis to be tested is that delivering two vaccines with PD-1 blockade will elicit a greater frequency and magnitude of tumor-directed CD8+ T cells, and thereby increase the percentage of patients experiencing objective anti-tumor effect as measured by PSA declines and/or objective radiographic responses. Participants must be 18 years of age or older and can expect to be on treatment for 2 years (32 cycles) and on study for up to 4 years (including 2 years of follow up via phone).
Christos Kyriakopoulos, MD
Male
18 Years and over
Phase 2
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT04090528
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Histologically confirmed diagnosis of prostate cancer (adenocarcinoma of the prostate)
• Metastatic disease as evidenced by the presence of soft tissue and/or bone metastases on imaging studies (CT of abdomen/pelvis, bone scintigraphy)
• Castrate-resistant disease, defined as follows:
• All participants must have received (and be receiving) standard of care androgen deprivation treatment (surgical castration versus GnRH analogue or antagonist treatment); subjects receiving Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogue or antagonist must continue this treatment throughout the time on this study.
• Participants may or may not have been treated previously with a nonsteroidal antiandrogen. For participants previously treated with an antiandrogen, they must be off use of anti-androgen for at least 4 weeks (for flutamide, apalutamide, or enzalutamide) or 6 weeks (for bicalutamide or nilutamide) prior to registration. Moreover, participants who demonstrate an anti-androgen withdrawal response, defined as a > 25% decline in PSA within 4-6 week of stopping a nonsteroidal antiandrogen, are not eligible until the PSA rises above the nadir observed after antiandrogen withdrawal.
• Participants must have a castrate serum level of testosterone (< 50 ng/dL) within 6 weeks of day 1
• Progressive disease while receiving androgen deprivation therapy defined by any one of the following as per the Prostate Cancer Clinical Trials Working Group 3 (PCWG3) bone scan criteria or RECIST 1.1 during or after completing last therapy:
• PSA: At least two consecutive rises in serum PSA, obtained at a minimum of 1-week intervals, with the final value > 2.0 ng/mL.
• Measurable disease: > 50% increase in the sum of the cross products of all measurable lesions or the development of new measurable lesions. The short axis of a target lymph node must be at least 15 mm by spiral CT to be considered a target lesion
• Non-measurable (bone) disease: The appearance of two or more new areas of uptake on bone scan (or Sodium Fluoride (NaF) positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET/CT)) consistent with metastatic disease compared to previous imaging during castration therapy. The increased uptake of pre-existing lesions on bone scan will not be taken to constitute progression, and ambiguous results must be confirmed by other imaging modalities (e.g. X-ray, CT or MRI).
• Prior treatment with abiraterone or enzalutamide is permitted, but participants must have weaned to a daily corticosteroid dose equivalent of no more than 5 mg prednisone daily for at least 28 days prior to day 1.
• Life expectancy of at least 6 months
• Participants must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0, 1, or 2.
• Adequate hematologic, renal, liver, and coagulation function as evidenced by the following within 6 weeks of day 1:
• White Blood Cells (WBC) > 2000 / mm3
• Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) > 1500 / mm3
• Hemoglobin (HgB) > 9.0 gm/dL
• Platelets > 100,000 / mm3
• Creatinine < 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
• Total bilirubin < 1.5 x institutional ULN OR direct bilirubin < ULN for participants with total bilirubin levels > 1.5 x ULN
• Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST),Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) < 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal
• Prothrombin Time (PT) or International Normalized Ratio (INR) < 1.5 x ULN unless participant is receiving anticoagulant therapy and PT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulant (only required for participants receiving biopsy)
• Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT) < 1.5 x ULN unless participant is receiving anticoagulant therapy and a PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulant (only required for participants receiving biopsy)
• No known history of human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV 1 and 2), Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1), or active Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C
• Participants must be at least 4 weeks from any prior treatments and have recovered (to < Grade 2) from acute toxicity attributed to this prior treatment, unless considered chronic
• A subset of participants (6 participants per treatment arm) treated at the lead University of Wisconsin (UW) site must be willing and able (in the opinion of the treating physician) to undergo two research biopsies for the investigational component of this trial.
• A subset of participants (6 participants per treatment arm) treated at the lead UW site must be willing to undergo NaF PET/CT scans for the investigational component of this trial.
• For those participants who are sexually active, they must be willing to use barrier contraceptive methods, and refrain from donating sperm, during the period of treatment on this trial and for four weeks after the last DNA immunization treatment
• Participants must be informed of the experimental nature of the study and its potential risks, and must sign an Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved written informed consent form indicating such an understanding
Exclusion Criteria:

• Small cell or other variant (non-adenocarcinoma) prostate cancer histology, unless there is evidence that the tumor expresses PAP
• Participants may not be receiving other investigational agents or be receiving concurrent anticancer therapy other than standard androgen deprivation therapy
• Concurrent bisphosphonate therapy is not excluded, however participants should not start bisphosphonate therapy while on this study; those participants already receiving bisphosphonate therapy should continue at the same dosing and schedule as prior to study entry
• Rapidly progressive symptomatic metastatic disease, as defined by the need for increased opioid analgesics within one month of registration for the treatment of pain attributed to a prostate cancer metastatic lesion; participants receiving opioids must receive approval from the PI for eligibility
• 5. Treatment with any of the following medications within 28 days of day 1, or while on study, is prohibited:
• Systemic corticosteroids (at doses over the equivalent of 5 mg prednisone daily); inhaled, intranasal or topical corticosteroids are acceptable
• Prostate Cancer and spes (PC-SPES)
• Megestrol
• Ketoconazole
• 5-α-reductase inhibitors
•participants already taking 5-α-reductase inhibitors prior to 28 days prior to registration may stay on these agents throughout the course of therapy, but these should not be started while participants are on study
• Diethyl stilbesterol
• Abiraterone
• Enzalutamide
• Apalutamide
• Radium 223 (Xofigo®)
• Any other hormonal agent or supplement being used with the intent of cancer treatment must be reviewed by the PI for eligibility
• External beam radiation therapy within 4 weeks of registration is prohibited, or anticipated need for radiation therapy (e.g. imminent pathological fracture or spinal cord compression) within 3 months of registration. Participants must have recovered from all radiation-related toxicities and not have had radiation pneumonitis.
• Major surgery within 4 weeks of registration is prohibited
• Prior cytotoxic chemotherapy (for example, but not limited to, docetaxel, mitoxantrone, cabazitaxel) within 3 months of registration is prohibited
• Prior treatment with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 agent, or with any agent directed to another T-cell stimulatory or inhibitory receptor (e.g. CTLA-4, OX-40, CD137).
• Participants with a history of life-threatening autoimmune disease
• Participants with a history of non-infectious pneumonitis that required corticosteroid treatment, or has current pneumonitis
• Participants with a history of allergic reactions to the tetanus vaccine
• Participants who have undergone splenectomy or who have a diagnosis of immunodeficiency
• Participants must not have other active malignancies other than non-melanoma skin cancers or superficial (non-muscle-invasive) carcinoma of the bladder. Participants with a history of other cancers who have been adequately treated and have been recurrence-free for > 3 years are eligible.
• Participants with known brain metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis
• Participants who have received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study drug. Examples of live vaccines include, but are not limited to, the following: measles, mumps, rubella, varicella/zoster (chicken pox), yellow fever, rabies, Bacillus Calmette
•Guérin (BCG), and typhoid vaccine. Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally killed virus vaccines and are allowed; however, intranasal influenza vaccines (eg, FluMist®) are live attenuated vaccines and are not allowed.
• Any antibiotic therapy within 1 month of day 1, or anticipated need for antibiotic therapy within 1 month of beginning treatment
• Participants with active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (eg., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment.
• Any other medical intervention or condition, which, in the opinion of the PI or treating physician, could compromise participant safety or adherence with the study requirements (including biopsies), or confound results of the study, over the treatment period.
• Any known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirement of the trial.
• Participants cannot have concurrent enrollment on other phase I, II, or III investigational treatment studies.
Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer, Metastatic Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Prostate
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Medium Chain Triglycerides as an Adjunct to the Modified Atkins Diet for Women With Catamenial Epilepsy

The modified Atkins diet (MAD) has been shown to be effective in treating intractable epilepsy. Approximately 55% of the patients started on the diet are women of childbearing age and women with epilepsy often have a pattern of seizures that correlates with their menstrual cycle, called catamenial epilepsy. The investigators have observed that despite an overall reduction in seizure frequency, some women on the MAD continue to have breakthrough seizures in a catamenial pattern. The investigators hypothesize that women with a history of intractable epilepsy who have been on the modified Atkins diet for at least 3 months and have a catamenial seizure pattern will tolerate and be compliant with the addition of a daily amount of betaquik® (a liquid emulsion of medium chain triglycerides) for a 10 day time interval starting 2 days prior to and encompassing the primary catamenial pattern.
Elizabeth Felton, MD
Female
18 Years and over
N/A
This study is NOT accepting healthy volunteers
NCT02426047
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Inclusion Criteria:

• Adult women ≥ 18 years
• Already on the modified Atkins diet for at least 3 months and compliant with treatment
• Catamenial seizure pattern (by Herzog criteria) for at least 2 of the past 3 months (as documented by calendars provided with annotations for seizures and menstrual cycle start and end dates) Exclusion Criteria (basic exclusion criteria for the modified Atkins diet, so patients should have already been screened for these factors):
• Unwilling to restrict carbohydrates
• Significantly underweight (BMI <18.5)
• Kidney disease
• History of hypercholesterolemia (>300 mg/dl) or hypertriglyceridemia (>200 mg/dl)
• Metabolic or mitochondrial disorder
• Pregnancy
• Lactose intolerance or milk allergy
• Aversion to liquids or inability to eat solid food Exclusion Criteria (specific to this study):
• Men
• Women who are menopausal or peri-menopausal
• Prior use of betaquik® at any time for any duration
• Already using another ketogenic diet supplement on a sporadic basis (unless the patient is using one daily and is willing to continue doing so for the duration of this study)
• Already using coconut oil specifically for catamenial epilepsy within the month prior to enrollment (okay if patient only using for cooking throughout the month)
• Taking a hormonal contraceptive so that they do not menstruate (e.g. taking active instead of placebo oral contraceptive pills to avoid having a period)
• Anticipated need to adjust anti-epileptic medications within the next 6 months
• Anticipated initiation, change, or discontinuation of a hormonal contraceptive within the next 6 months
• Pregnant or anticipated pregnancy within the next 6 months
Epilepsy, Seizure, Catamenial Epilepsy, Medically Resistant Epilepsy, Medically Resistant Seizures
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